Benjamin Martyn to the Rev. John Wesley at Savannah, June 15, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 41-42, concerning accusation that Wesley had embezzled Trustee goods and Wesley’s work in Georgia.
The Revd. Mr. [John] Burton has this day laid before the Trustees a Letter from You to them dated Savannah March 4th. 1737,96 Wherein You express a Concern that they should receive an Accusation of your imbezzling any part of their Goods, and likewise a Desire to know the Name of your Accuser.
The Trustees have ordered me to assure You that they are very much Surprized at any Apprehension You have of such Accusation being brought before them; No Complaint of any kind has been laid before them relating to You; They have never as a Board nor any of them privately heard of one, nor have they the least Suspicion of any Ground for one. They would not (if they had received any) form a Judgment of You without acquainting You with the Accusation and the Name of your Accuser; At the same time they believe You’ll think it reasonable to let them know who has inform’d You that any such Accusation has been brought before them, and that for the future You will only regard what may be sent to You from them, and that You will not believe or listen to any private Informations or any Insinuations that must make You uneasy and may lead You to distrust the Justice of the Trustees and the Regard they have for You.
The Trustees are very sensible of the great Importance of the Work You are engaged in, and they hope God will prosper the Undertaking and support You in it, for they have much at heart not only the Success of the Colony in General but the Promotion of Piety amongst the People, as well as the Conversion of the Indians. They are very glad to find that Mr. [Thomas] Causton has seconded your Endeavours to Suppress Vice and Immorality, and that a Reformation gains Ground as you observe it does.
[P.S.] The Trustees will take into Consideration Your Application to them in favour of Robert Hows and have a Regard to it.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, June 17, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 43, directing livestock to be issued to the Salzburgers. Inclosed to Samuel Eveleigh by the Seaford Man of War, copy by the Two Brothers.
In my Letter to You by the Peter and James dated the 23rd. of March last I acquainted You That a particular Benefaction had enabled the Trustees to direct You to furnish to each Man of the third Transport of Saltzburghers a Cock and an Hen and to every five heads of the same Transport a Sow a Turkey Hen and a Goose, computing the said Transport to 55 heads. I am now to acquaint You That the Benefactor has extended his Benefaction to the Supplying to every five heads of the said 55 heads a Cow and a Calf; Which the Trustees desire You will provide them with and send a particular Accot. of the Charge thereof Signed by Mr. [John Martin] Bolzius to discharge the Trustees of the said Benefaction.
Harman Verelst to the Rev. George Whitefield, June 30, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 43, authorizing clothing for Whitefield and a schoolmaster.
I have rec’d Orders for 6 Shirts, 4 pair of Stockings, 2 pair of Breeches, 1 Wastcoat 1 close Coat, 1 great Coat, 1 Night Gown, 1 Wig, 1 Hat, 6 Handkerchiefs, 4 pair of Shoes, 6 pair of Socks and a Watch for You. And the same (except the Watch) for the Schoolmaster whose Passage will be defrayed. Which Necessarys shall be prepared as soon as you both come to Town for the proper Sizes of them. I expect Mr. Oglethorpe will be going the beginning of August at furthest.
As to the Schoolmaster, the Trustees think it very right not to be at Uncertaintys relating to him, and therefore they desire to know if he expects a Salary or only Food and Raiment, or if the can Subsist himself. But if he shall require Food and Raiment, they desire to know of what Sort.
As to the Countrymen, one of them may have a Lot of 50 Acres at Frederica, and the other may live with him; And they may make what Annual Agreements for Sharing the Crop of each year as they think fit.
Harman Verelst to John Matthias Kramer at Rotterdam, June 24, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 44, concerning the securing of servants.
I rec’d yours dated 26 Instant N.S. and will lay it before the Trustees next Wednesday; But in the meantime I thought proper to acquaint You That I believe the Trustees will not increase your Instructions which are confined to 60 Servants; and if that certain Number cannot be complied with for Mr. Hope to engage in to send a Ship to Georgia Your Sollicitation will be at an End, and therefore improper for You to Stay at Rotterdam at Expence. I shall write to You again this day sevennight which may be sent after You if You go from Rotterdam before.
Harman Verelst to John Matthias Kramer at Rotterdam, July 1, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 44, asking if he can secure 100 servants.
I should be glad to know what Certainty You have of Engaging any more than 60, in case the Trustees should encrease your Instructions for a Number not exceeding 100 heads; and if such a Number became certain to Mr. Hope sure others at their own Expence, would compleat a full Loading to him. Your Answer to this I shall lay before the Trustees to receive their Directions upon it.
James Vernon, T. Archer, Robert Carter, J. Page, Edward Digby, R. Hollond, Stephen Hales, William Sloper, Thomas Tower, Christopher Tower, William Heathcote, Thomas Frederick, Robert Tracy, H. Archer, R. Chandler, Henry L’Apostre, John Laroche, Robert Hucks, George Heathcote, Shaftesbury, Egmont, Talbot, Tyrconnel, Carpenter, and James Oglethorpe97 to Sir Robert Walpole, June 22, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 45-46, asking for money for Georgia and notifying him of danger from the French and Spanish.
Having in April last presented a Memorial to You; And as there was then a great hurry of Business, and this is a time of more Leisure, We hope You’ll permit us to remind You of it, since every Days Advices confirm the Necessity of having a speedy Resolution taken thereupon. We therefore take the Liberty of giving You a Copy of that Memorial which is as follows.
The Colony of Georgia being Intrusted by His Majesty to our Care, We think our Selves obliged to inform You of the Situation of it; And that the £20,000 granted by Parliament this year, will not maintain the Colony further than Lady Day 1738.
The Expence of the Colony at first looks large, but if You consider that the Trustees have hitherto Protected, as well as improved the Colony out of the Parliamentary and other Money; You will find that it has not been so expensive as other Colonies.
The Military Defence of Nova Scotia and Annapolis stands the King in £13,000 yearly; though there is no improvement made in that Province.
Most of the American Colonies are at least as expensive as Nova Scotia and Annapolis; The Charge of which is either paid by the King for Troops Artillery &c, or by Taxes raised upon the People of the Colony, or by both. Thus Jamaica stands the Public in £14,000 a year upon the Estimate, besides the Governors Salary out of the Civil List, and the Taxes raised by the Country; So that the whole Expences of Jamaica are near £30,000 yearly.
We farther think ourselves obliged to acquaint You That Seven thousand pounds a year will be necessary to defray the Expence of the Civil Government, maintaining Persons newly arrived, Preserving a good Harmony with and Supporting the Indians, and carrying on the other Improvements of the Province, such as raising of Silk, Wine, Oyl and other Produces; The expence whereof private Persons are not able to bear; and which the Trustees apprehend is the Reason why the English America hath not yet produced any Quantity of them, though their Climate and Soil are very proper for them.
It will be expedient also that the Sum intended to be Granted to the Trustees be put into the Estimate laid by the Crown before the Parliament; for it will be impossible for the Trustees every Year to take upon them to proceed by Petition, nor can they be expected to hazard the making Contracts for Men Provisions &c (which is necessary to be done the Year before) upon the Precariousness of their Petitions being received, or a Sum Voted upon it.
We likewise think our Selves Obliged to represent to You the Situation of Carolina and Georgia, which Provinces are almost Surrounded by the French and Spaniards (who lye upon the same Continent and can march into the former thru the latter by Land). The many Improvements there made and the Harbours now discovered, occasions those Powers to be covetous of them; And the more those Provinces improve, the stronger their Desire will be of getting them, for Georgia is the Key of all North America; And if they possessed those Ports they could by cruizing from thence Search all the Carolina and Virginia homeward bound Ships, and would probably Confiscate many of them, since they generally bring Spanish Silver home, wch. is the only Coin currant in America. For these Reasons the Trustees humbly apprehend that it will be expedient for His Majesty to order a Regiment of Seven hundred Men to be raised, which being properly posted upon the Islands and along the Rivers, will protect both those Provinces from the Spaniards; and which seems to be more immediately necessary, since the Trustees have Informations from Eye Witnesses and Men worthy of Faith, That the Spaniards are fitting up Barracks at St. Augustine for a Regiment of 500 Men which they dayly expect; and which with those already there, will make up Eleven hundred regular Troops; And that the French have Two thousand five hundred regular Troops in their Province next adjoining to Georgia and Carolina.
Benjamin Martyn to Philip Georg Frederick Von Reck, July 13, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 47, informing him that he must return to Georgia to secure land there.
Mr. [James] Vernon has this day laid before the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia a letter from You dated Windhausen June 28th 1737 wherein You desire to know whether the Trustees will enable You to subsist in the Colony without Land; In answer to which they have order’d me to acquaint You that it is an establish’d Rule with them to subsist None who do not intend to cultivate Lands for their own Subsistance. They therefore desire to know whether You intend to return to the Colony, because if You do not return thither within six Months, the Grant of Land which was made to You October the 7th. 1735 will be vacated.
Harman Vereslt to John Matthias Kramer at Crevell by way of Rotterdam, July 22, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 47, asking about servants for Georgia.
I rec’d yours dated the 23d. of July instant N.S. and I should be glad to know what Numbers of People are left behind, and their Ages and Sexes, and if Mr. Hopes will send them to Georgia on a Contract for a certain Number and if possible not exceeding 60. Heads. When I have your Answer in Particulars as to Number left, their Ages and Sexes; You shall hear further from [me].
Benjamin Martyn to Bailiff and Recorder at Frederica, July 27, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 48, granting a lot to John Woolley.
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America have resolved to grant a Town Lot within the Town of Frederica to Mr. John Woolley the Bearer of this. You are therefore to acquaint the Truatees nam’d in the Trust Grant that they must immediately put him in possession of such a Lot.
Benjamin Martyn to Thomas Hawkins at Frederica, Aug. 3, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 48-49, concerning reports to the Trustees, land cultivation, and obedience to Trustees’ laws. By Capt. Shubrick, copy by Capt. James Reid.
The Trustees have ordered me to acquaint You that they have with great Concern heard of some Differences at Frederica among the Persons in Commission. They do expect that You inform them as soon as possible how the same began, and what has happened thereupon, And they hope You will continue keeping a regular Accot. of all Occurrences and send it by every Opportunity that offers.
As You are sensible the Trustees can govern themselves in their Care and Provision for the Province only by the Accots. which they receive from thence. You must know that the readiest Way to gain and keep their favour is to be punctual and very particular in writing to them.
As the People must not depend upon the Trustees Subsisting them beyond the time Allotted in their Grants (unless very good Reason shall appear to them for doing otherwise) they must know that they cannot be too early in the Cultivation of their Lands; You must therefore omit no Opportunity to Press and Sol licit them to this, and assure them that as Industry will prove their greatest Happiness, so it will be the surest Recommendation of them to the Trustees.
As the Trustees have pass’d some Laws which have been approved of by His Majesty in Council; And as they are preparing others for the better Regulation of the Colony, They do expect a due Obedience be paid to the same, and that the Magistrates will do their utmost to Support them, and preserve good Order among the People.
Benjamin Martyn to the Bailiff and Recorder of Savannah, Aug. 3, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 49, reminding them that the Trustees’ laws and orders must be obeyed, especially the staving of rum. By Capt. Shubrick, copy by Capt. James Reid.
There being Reason to believe that in a Course of time some Neglects may happen in putting in Execution the Laws that were made here, and approved of by His Majesty for the Peace and Welfare of the Colony; And as the Trustees are determined to see the same be punctually Obeyed. They do hereby repeat their Orders that You do in your several Stations use your utmost Endeavours to make the said Laws effectual; and in particular the Trustees do expect and require that the Constables and Tything men upon Duty do never fail giving their Assistance in Staving what Rum may be brought into the Province, And they do farther hope and expect that as You will set an Example to the People by a strict Obedience to their Orders and their Laws, and by a vigorous Maintenance of them so the People will likewise pay a dutifull Regard to the same, and that all the inferior Officers will be assistant to You in Supporting and executing them on every Occasion.
Benjamin Martyn to Thomas Causton, Aug. 3, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 50-51, concerning Causton’s diary, clerks for Causton, report on Trustees stores, officials to cooperate, no martial law in Georgia, Moravians, Noble Jones’ surveying, William Stephens to Georgia. By Capt. Shubrick, copy by Capt. James Reid.
The Trustees have rec’d the Packet of Letters Which You forwarded to Mr. [Samuel] Eveleigh; and in this Packet your Diary, with which they are well pleased, and expect You will continue and sent it every Opportunity; especially since You have rec’d as they hope a Youth named John Pye whom they sent to You for a Clerk by Capt. Dymond; They have sent You another, vizt. Samuel Hurst by Capt. Thomson, with whom likewise comes one Samuel Smallwood who is to be sent up to Frederica for the Service of the Storekeeper there.
The Trustees approve of your Care in managing the Stores, & your striking off the idle Persons who have not performed their Covenant of cultivating their Lands according to the time expressed in their Grants; which had they done, they would by this time have been able to Subsist themselves, and for want of this Ability, they have put the Trustees to a very great Expence, who are determined not to Support any longer in Idleness those, who have so little Regard to the Trust and themselves.
The Trustees desire that You will see that the Arms be kept clean and in good Repair, and You must tell the Constables that they expect this from them.
They hope that the officers in Savannah (as they expect any favour from them) will cooperate in their respective Stations with friendship and Unanimity to maintain the Peace of the Colony, and give good Example to the Inhabitants.
If ever there is any Attempt to introduce Martial Law, the Trustees do hereby order You always to oppose it, for no Martial Law can be declared without an Express Order from the Trustees, or some Persons authorized by them for that purpose.
In relation to the Moravians taking up Arms, the Trustees think You should only have called upon them for two Men, that is to say, one for each Lot of Mr. [Augustus Gottlieb] Spangenbergs and Mr. [Christian David) Nietchman’s, and on their sending two Men whether Moravians or others, provided they are not Servants, it will be a Discharge of them from that Duty. As to their Request of the Trustees giving them Leave to remove from the Colony, You must acquaint them that no such Application has been made to them from Count Zinzendorff, thro’ whom the Trustees have always treated with them; And till they receive such an Application from the Count, they can say nothing to it. But the inclosed Articles have been Settled with Count Zinzendorff, which You must put in Execution in the most favourable manner to them You can, and treat them on every Occasion with a Brotherly Love and Tenderness.
The Trustees have Observed with Satisfaction that Mr. [Noble] Jones the Surveyor has provided himself with hands for carrying on the necessary Work of Surveying the great Lots towards the West, and they hope he will go on to finish the Surveying and running out the whole, that those who have made his Neglect of doing it a Pretence for their Idleness, may be left without Excuse if they continue in it.
Mr. [William] Stephens, who goes over by this Ship is appointed Secretary for the Affairs of the Trust within the Province of Georgia; You must on all occasions give him what Assistance You can to enable him to discharge the Trust reposed in him. You will see by Mr. Verelst’s Letter what Allowance is to be made him.
P.S. The Trustees have order’d that Mr. Robert Hows’s House be rebuilt (as it was before it was burnt down) out of the Fund for Religious uses, in consideration of his services.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, Aug. 11, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 51-66, concerning many subjects as indicated by the headings throughout the letter.98 By William Stephens and Capt. Shubrick, copy by Capt. James Reid.
Accots. of Stores.
Your Letter with the Accompts of the Remain of Stores the 22nd. of November 1736, your Receipts of Stores since that time to the 31st. of December following, Your General Issues thereof for the same time, with your particular Issues from the 22nd. of November 1736 to the 31st. of January following; and the several Persons Accompts taken from the Leidger from February 1735 to the 23rd. of November 1736 were received by the Trustees. It would have been more Satisfactory had your General Issues shown what part thereof went to the Southward; You having been directed by Mr. Oglethorpe to Supply the People there according to the Quantitys Stated the 5th. of November 1736 which would be wanting to compleat their Establishment of Provisions for a year and a Quarter from November 1736 to February 1737; and a copy of the said Establishment and Quantitys of Provisions was left with You for that purpose.
To continue sending Accots. of Stores.
The Trustees desire You will continue the Copys of your Day Books of Receipts and Issues of Stores; and they direct you that at the end of every month a Copy of the Day Book of your Receipts during the said month and a Copy of the Day Book of your Issues in such month may be made out, And that You will send such Copys inclosed to them by every opportunity, taking Receipts from the Boatmen for the delivering them to the Mercht. at Charles Town You send them to, to be forwarded to England; That the Trustees may know what Merchant they are to ask after their Letters, if not received.
In your Letter of the 24th. of February last You mention That the Querys on your Accompts before February 1735 should be answered as soon as possible; To be sure your Want of proper Assistance was the real Occasion of those Defects; but as a Reexamination will set everything right, I hope from your Answers to State the Expences of the Colony abroad under their proper heads.
Persons Accots. Current.
I have inclosed You the Accompts Currant of Persons abroad taken from the Trustees Leidger here, to compare with their Accots. in the Leidger You keep; In order that such Accots. may be Balanced (except Mr. [Will] Bradleys whose Accompt at present is to be kept open) or what is due thereon when it is a proper time to demand the same may be received. And if any of the Persons are dead or have left the Colony, Please to Examine if they Accoted. for or discharged their Balances at all. But the Trustees would have no hardships put upon Industrious Men by oppressing them for their Debts; For they direct You to be kind to the Industrious, at the same time that You take Care that the Idle do not impose upon the Trust.
Mr. [Will] Cookesey’s Accot. is come to hand, and the Trustees are willing to give him twelve months time for Payment of the Balance due from him, and they would not have You lay any hardship on him, no more than on other Industrious Men, nor to take away such Men’s Effects to be an hindrance to their Improvements.
The Expences of the Colony being by Establishments limited, the one made up by Mr. Oglethorpe and your Self, for the Northern Division99 (a Copy of which has been formerly sent You, and another is now sent You); And the other for the Southern Division, which is herewith sent You. The Trustees hope that no exceeding has been made, and they direct that no exceeding shall be, of the said Establishments. They have extracted from that made up at Savannah the inclosed annual Expence of the Northward, and the Southern Establishment is the annual Expence of the Southward. Which at those Rates are to be continued from the Receipt of this Letter to Lady Day 1738; and there is no Addition or exceeding to be made on any Accot. whatsoever. But as unforeseen Accidents may happen, by which whole Familys may be ruined for want of some small Assistance, or that strange Indians may come in and require a Welcome, or Strangers; Or other unforeseen incidental Charges may arise; The Trustees therefore confiding in You, You may expend in such Contingencys not mentioned in the Establishments a Sum not exceeding Twenty pounds Sterling a month in the Northern Division of the Province; But they recommend to You not to exceed Five pounds a month in such Contingencys unless in Cases of very urgent Necessity as above; And You must take Care to give a particular Accompt of such Contingencys, and in your Diary which You send the Trustees (and which they Desire You will continue to do monthly) You are to give your Reasons for such Contingent Expences. And You are to furnish as far as Twenty pounds Sterling a month to Mr. [William] Horton for Contingencys in the Southern Division, upon his Certifying to You the Occasions.
Restraint of other Expences without leave.
The Trustees are resolved to bring the Expences of the Colony to a Certainty, and to send over Cash in Sola Bills sufficient to Pay those expences. If that Certainty is exceeded, there will always be a Want which they can make no Provision for, and it must end in the Destruction of the whole. To prevent which they have pursued Mr. Oglethorpe’s Method of the before mentioned Establishments. But if these are not perfect, as nothing can be expected to be so at first, You may apprize the Trustees of such Articles as there may be Savings upon, and of such other Expences if any shall be, as You shall see necessary. Yet You must not make any Expences or any Alterations in the Establishments, until the Trustees return You an Answer to such Proposals as You shall make. But You must go on until those Answers are received upon the Rules of the Establishments. For should Expences arise in Georgia larger than what the Trustees expect and what they have calculated to provide for, It will create the greatest Confusion, since it may exceed what they have Appropriated for that purpose.
300 £ in Credit to Freeholders clearg. their Lands.
In the Northern Establishment there is a Provision of Three hundred pounds Sterling to be advanced in Provisions on Credit to Freeholders for clearing their Lands, but not exceeding Four pounds Sterling to any one Freeholder; Which You are to use in the Application thereof in such manner as to keep the Industrious People from dispersing, and You are to have a particular Regard to those who cultivate Lands in the Villages. The Trustees think it is better not to advance above the value of Twenty Shillings Sterling p Acre fenced and planted in Corn. Which Credit is to be repaid in Corn in two years after.
The Trustees have sent You Six hundred and fifty pounds Sterling in Sola Bills, they are Letter C No. 201 to 330 of £5.–.–each, which are to be applied for three months Pay to the Persons in the inclosed List, if so much is due to them at the Receipt of this Letter; And what is more than due will be Cash in your hands for the Service of the Colony. The said Sola Bills are in the Box hereafter mentioned, which contains also a Seal for the Town Court of Savannah. And the Trustees will send by the next Ship more Sola Bills to Supply the Colony with, according to the Expences they have allowed to be made by the Establishments before mentioned, And they direct You to encourage those Inhabitants who raise Indian Corn Pease or Potatoes, by buying from them for Supplying the Colony to Lady Day 1738, and to allow them the Premium of one shilling a bushel if they have raised sufficient before you buy of others. The Trustees desire to know whether You took from Mr. [William and Hugh] Stirlings and Mr. [John] Baillie at the Ogeeche, the Corn that grew there; And if You did not, the Reason for not doing it.
Questions to be answered.
The Trustees desire to know whether the house is built at Cooanoochi Ferry, and the Boat bought for it, whether Thomas Mouse’s House is built, and how much has been advanced to Andrew Duche, and whether Walter Augustine and his Assistants have been Supplied with Provisions while repairing the Saw Mill and to what value.
An Accot. sent for Persons on the Store.
The Trustees desire You will send them an Accot. of Persons on the Store pursuant to former Orders, whose Year or time for being Supplied is not expired, and who are not provided for by the Establishments, with the times when they will be off the Store, And they direct that the Maintenance of such Persons should be continued until their time of Maintenance is expired, or until such Account is received and the Trustees Orders thereupon.
I have inclosed You a copy of Mr. [Will] Bradleys Agreement with the Trustees, and they desire You to Keep his Accompt open, for at Mr. Oglethorpes Instance they intend to take into Consideration, the Damage that may have arose, by his not having the thirty Servants to cultivate the Land according to their Agreement; and I have wrote to him a Letter to that purpose.
Credits to Families
The Credits to Mr. John Brown and the other Familys who want such Credits tho’ sent at their friends Expences; Whereof the Widow Polhill’s is one, must be further carried on by Subsisting them at the Freeholder’s Allowance P whole head, and their Servants at the Servants’ Allowance; And their Accompts must be made up & Signed by each Master or Mistress of the Family, to produce to their friends here that they have been so Supplied with Substance, and to be a Demand upon them, if exceeding the Money they have already contributed.
Credit to Masters taking Servants from Thomson
When Capt. [William] Thomson arrives from Scotland, the Servants (over and above the forty for the Trust) which he shall bring and dispose of to Masters in Georgia May be Supplied on Credit to the Masters of such Servants who shall really want it with a Bushel of Corn P month for each Servant for the first Year, And the Servants Indentures to be Security for the Repayment thereof in Corn in two Years; And You must send the Trustees an Accot. thereof.
Plaids & Shoes for Servts.
Capt. Thomson will bring You a Bale of Tartan for Plaids & short Coats and short Hose and will bring You 150 pair of Highland Shoes, and each of the Servants which remain to the Trust and are to be sent to Lieut. [John] Moore Mackintosh at the Darien (as mentioned in my Letter by Capt. Thomson) are to be furnished with a Plaid, a short Coat and Short Hose, two Shirts and two pair of Shoes a Year, which must be sent to Lieut Moore Mackintosh for that purpose And the same for the other Highland Servants belonging to the Trust under Mr. Hugh Mackay and please to acquaint Lieut. Mackintosh that one of the forty Servants sent at the Expence of the Trust whose Indenture will be particularly assigned is to be delivered to John MacKintosh of Leniwilg in lieu of a Servant he lost in the Trustees Service.
Supply to the Indians
You are to Supply Tomo Chachi and his Indians and the Savannah Indians, and the Indian School with Provisions, Which the Trustees cannot now bring to a Certainty for want of sufficient Information; But they desire that You would bring it to a monthly Certainty in such manner as the Indians may be entirely Satisfied, and the Trustees know their Expence, and that You would by the next Ship give them an Account thereof. You are to give the Indians that come to Savannah, when sent for and not otherwise, while they Stay, such Wine and Beer as shall be absolutely necessary but not exceeding a Pint of Wine or a Quart of Beer a day to each Person. And the same Proportion You may send to Tomo Chachi in case he should send for it upon Accot. of Sickness among his Indians.
Gun Powder to the Southward
In my letter by Capt Dymond You was desired to Supply the Southward with Gun Powder, and was acquainted that 49 Kegs were on board consigned to Johnny Brownfield. If You have not bought and supplied the Southward with that Quantity, You are again desired to send so many Kegs to them.
Stores recd. & Certified Accots.
The Trustees hope that all Demands of Expences abroad to Lady Day 1737 are come to hand and by the Certified Accompts received since that time they observe that You and Mr. [Richard] White have received in Store as follows. Vizt.
Order abt. the 70 Pipes of Madera Wine
I have by the Trustees Orders wrote to Mr. [Richard] White at Frederica, that if he has not sent forty of the Seventy Pipes of Madera Wine to You at Savannah for the Store there, That he would send so many. And have acquainted him, as well as I now acquaint You That the said Seventy Pipes was not designed for the Daily Consumption of the Inhabitants on the Store; But was intended and must be given out as Pay due or to grow due to the Officers Soldiers and Labourers in the Trustees Service, and therefore as Money and to be at Prime Cost which is at the rate of £13:1:6 Sterling a Pipe; Or given out as an Allowance of a Pint a day to those that work for the Trust, when there is no Strong Beer. But the Lying in Women are to be Supplied with the usual Allowance of Wine out of this Wine, and also the Sick Persons with what shall be prescribed by the Doctor.
Errors in certified Accots.
All the £1500 Sola Bills are come back and paid, except the £ 40 You paid Capt. Barnes; And Several Certified Accompts have been received and paid after deducting of Errors in Computation. Those now under Reference for Payment which have Errors in them are as follow
Jemmet Cobley’s Accot. certified the 28th. of March 1737 to be £ 369:15:10 Currency due to Balance is but £368:5:10 which in Sterling at 750£ P Cent is £49:2:1 to be paid his Attorney here, the Difference in Currency is £1:10:0.
The 4th. of May 1737 You Certified £75:9:11 Sterling due to Messrs. Minis and Salomons on their Accot. Currant, and two days before You certified your receiving £50 of them in their Accot. Currant for £50 in Sola Bills, and no other Accot. Currant being produced the said £50 will be deducted from the £75:9:11 and will reduce the same to £25:9:11 which should have been taken Notice of in the said certified Accot. that on the Payment of the said £50 Bills no more than £25:9:11 was due to them; without there is any other Accot. Currant for the said £50 not yet Arrived.
Thomas Ware’s certified Accompt of Provisions You bought the 27th. of May 1737 amounting to £181:7:3 Sterling is over computed 30s and thereby reduced to £179:17:3 but the other Copy Come to hand is right and therefore the whole will be paid. And Lawrence Wessell’s Accot. of provisions & necessarys You bought the 17th. of April 1737 amoting. to £216:11:5 Sterling is over computed £ 0:13:0 and thereby reduced to £215:18:5.
Abt. the Fort
The Trustees are apprehensive that the Expences which have been run into upon Account of the Fort will exceed their Establishments, & as such, the People were very much in the wrong for thinking of putting them to Expences, which they think improper. You was in the wrong to comply at all in the beginning, but what makes it something excuseable in You, was the Terror the People might have been under; And You was much in the right to Insist upon not going farther in it. The Cutting down the Wood was a great Folly, for that Wood was a better Defence than any Fort, that they could erect by the Garden; Such a Fort would be of no Use but by Commanding the River; which might have been better defended from the Guard house, Battery and Guns in the Wood. The Town would be as open to an Enemy over Land as if no such Fort had been. The real Defence of the Town is the Woods and the Swamps, and a few Men who know the Country assisted by the Indians might have made a much better Defence in the Woods than in the Fort; Since thereby; they could have prevented an Enemy from coming to the Town, which they could not by defending the Fort. And Savannah is as strong by the Swamps and River which Surround it, as any Town in America, though fortified. For Fortifications without a Garrison are no Defence, and the same Garrison as would defend a Fort, can keep the Passes of the Swamps. Captn. [James] Macpherson judged extremely right, and the whole Scheme of the Fort seems more to be a Design to draw Money from the Publick Store than any Defence against an Enemy. For the Cutting down the Wood which commanded the River, and where Cannon and Men under the Shelter of the Trees might have been conveniently Posted, is a real weakening of the Place. The Trustees therefore find themeselves obliged to give You positive Orders not to make any Expence beyond the Establishments, nor to be Ruled by other People to expend the Trust Money contrary to their Orders. And they direct You not to Suffer any Trees to be cut down by the Spring.
Gowns to wear in Court & seal sent
The Town of Savannah being now grown considerable, & having withstood the attempts of their open and private Enemies; The Trustees have thought proper that in order to give more Weight and Distinction to the Court, and to show their Favour to the Town; to send Gowns for the Magistrates and Recorder to wear in Court, and the same are to be kept in a proper Press locked up in the Court. And they have sent a Seal for the Town Court of Savannah to Authenticate the Proceedings of the Court sent over to England, and all Affidavits, Certificates, and other Material Papers which require a Testimony to them; and they have sent an Engine for the Seal which affixes to the Wooden Table sent for it’s Use, and fastens with a Bar of Iron underneath the Nutt on the Top of the Engine unscrews to let in the Fly, and then must be Screwed on again; The four Screws at the bottom of the Table, are to Screw the Table to the Floor whereon the Seal is used, to keep it firm. The Seal is put into a small Bag being first covered with Mutton Suet to keep it from Rust and before it is used it must be wiped with a Cloth very clean before a Fire or in the Sun; and after it is used, must be covered with the like Suet or Sweet Oyl to prevent its Rusting. The Seal will put into the Socket of the Engine either way, for being affixed either at the Top or Bottom of Papers as Occasion shall be, and there is a small Pen which goes through the Socket and Neck of the Seal to keep it tight, and there are proper Wafers sent to put under square Pieces of Paper to impress the Seal upon, but before impressed a Quire of Brown Paper or something of a plying Substance must be laid upon the Plate the Engine falls on, and under the Paper to be Sealed, to Strengthen the Impression. If at any time You have Papers to annex to what the Seal is affixed to, some green Ribband (of which the Trustess have sent You a piece and a Needle to Use it) will be proper to annex such Papers with; And the Ribband wch. goes through the Papers so to be annexed being also put through the Paper to be Sealed, the two Ends of that Ribband must be put between two of the Wafers and then covered with a square Piece of Paper; whereon the Seal being impressed will authenticate the Papers annexed as well as the Papers Sealed; and as a Specimen You have inclosed an Impression on the Top and at the Bottom of a Sheet of Paper.
Mr. [William] Stephens who brings You this, comes over to Settle in Georgia, and is appointed by the Trustees Secretary for the Affairs of the Trust within the Province of Georgia; His Constitution & Instructions he will show You. Himself and two others including his third Son are to be Supplied for the first Year with Six pounds of Beef a week each, two pounds of Rice, two pounds of Pease, and two Quarts of Flour a week each, a pint of strong Beer a day each, a Quart of Molasses a week each, four pounds of Cheese, two pounds of Butter, two Ounces of Spice, two pounds of Sugar, a Gallon of Vinegar, six pounds of Salt, three Quarts of Lamp Oyl, and three pounds of Soap a Quarter each, and a pound of Spun Cotton each; And his Woman Servant and each of his ten Men Servants are to be Suplied for the first Year with Two hundred pounds of Meat & three hundred and forty two pounds of Rice, Pease, or Indian Corn; together with Contingent Food for the said Eleven Servants to the Value of Eight Shillings Sterling each.
You are to Supply Mr. Stephens with Fifty pounds Sterling in the first Year after his Arrival in Georgia at such times and in such manner as he shall find occasion for it with part of the Sola Bills that will be sent You by the next Ship
Mr. Stephens comes over in the Mary Anne Captn. Thomas Shubrick for Charles Town, and brings with him one Woman Servant and four Men Servants. Mr. [Paul] Jenys is wrote to to defray the Charge of sending him and the Passengers and Goods with him from Charles Town to Georgia, and Jenys is to draw upon the Trustees for that Expence. The Passengers which come with him besides his own Servants are as follows. vizt.
Mary Smallwood, Wife of Samuel Smallwood, whom the Trustees sent on board the Two Brothers, to be a Clerk to the Store at Frederica and herewith You receive the Agreement with him under the Seal which please to deliver or send to him, and his Wife must be provided with a Year’s Provision as a first Settler.
Samuel Lander whose Indenture is herewith sent You, and another Man Servant whose Indenture Mr. Stephens will give You he being to be put on board at Gravesend; Both these Servants the Trustees direct should be sent to [Richard] Cooper the Millwright to be employed in the Trustees Service under him.
Richard Warrin and Elizabeth Warrin two Orphan Children of the late John Warrin by Elizabeth his Wife both deceased;100 their Father in Law James Wood [Hood] having brought them to the Trustees to take Care of out of the Rents and Profits of their late Father’s House and fifty Acres Lot. You are therefore to take Care of the said House and Lot, and Keep the Children out of the Profits thereof; the said James Wood having nothing more to do with the Lot or the Children.
And there will be five Recruits and the Wives of two of them put on board at Gravesend for the Independant Company now under Mr. Oglethorpe’s Command; who must be sent to the Southward with the other things hereafter mentioned.
And Mr. [John] Woolley and a Man Servant who at his Father’s Expence is going to Settle at Frederica.
The Parcels shipped are consigned to Paul Jenys Esqr. at Charles Town to be forwarded by him to You, and consist of the following Particulars.
A Case containing an Engine for the Town Seal, the Fly, Spring, Turn Srew and Iron Key.
A Case containing the Table and frame for the said Engine and 4 Screws to fasten it to a Floor. A Box within the frame containing the three purple Gowns for the three Bayliffs, and a black Gown for the Rechorder of Savannah, the Daily Advertizer from the 13th. of Sept. 1736 to the 17th. of June 1737 both incl. and fifty of the Printed Act for maintaining the Peace with the Indians, fifty of the Printed Act for preventing the Use of Rum, and fifty of the Printed Act for preventing the Use of Negroes. Some of which Acts are to be sent to Frederica.
A small Case directed for Tomo Chachi, containing a piece of red Cloth, which the Trustees have sent him a Present of; and You must acquaint him it was made by Mr. Oglethorpe’s Order for him at Godalming in Surry.
A Box directed to your Self containing the Town Seal, four hundred Wafers for Sealing with a piece of green Ribband to annex Papers with, a Needle to use it and £650 in Sterling Sola Bills, And several Letters for Persons in Georgia.
A Box with Caper Plants, and herewith You receive Directions how the Gardener is to manage them.
A Trunk directed to Mr. Richard White at Frederica.
A Box directed to John Welch at Frederica; both which please to send to them.
Fourteen half Barrels of Gun Powder, whereof 8 is for Cannon & 6 for small arms, the Cannon Powder and 2 of the half Barrels for small arms are for the Independant Company and must be sent with the Recruits, and the other 4 half Barrels must be put into the Trustees Store for small arms.
Two Bundles and a Scane [skean?] containing one hundred weight of Match, the one half thereof is for the Independant Company to be sent with the Recruits, and the other half for the Trustees Store.
A Cask containing an Union Flagg to be sent to the Independant Company with the Recruits.
One hundred Cannon Balls of 2 pds. weight each, and fifty Cannon Balls of 3 pds weight each, for the Independant Company to be sent with the Recruits.
Five Pigs of Lead containing about 6 Cwt. whereof 2 Cwt. must be sent to the Independant Company to make Bullets with, and the rest must lye in the Store at Savannah.
And three Casks containing about 5 Cwt. of Cheshire Cheese whereof 1 Cwt. must be sent to Lieut. Moore Mackintosh at the Darien to be divided by him among the People there, 1 Cwt. to Frederica to be divided by Mr. [William] Horton’s Order among the People there, 2 Cwt. to be equally divided among the Magistrates Constables and Tything men at Savannah, and the other 1 Cwt. to be sent to the Store at Frederica to be disposed of according to Mr. Horton’s Orders for the Boat’s Crew’s Company’s Service.
Reward for Indeavoring to Convict Sellers of Rum
The Trustees observing in your Diary that John Vanderplank, John Penrose and John Lyndall had endeavoured to Convict Sailors of Selling Rum; To encourage them for such Endeavours they have directed You to Pay them the Moiety of the Penalty by the Act provided, as if the said sailors had been Convicted to be divided equally between them.
50 Acres to Servts. out of their time before Xms 1737.
The Trustees having taken into Consideration That Men Servants who serve faithfully in the Colony all the time of their several Indentures deserve encouragement at the End of their Service on Proof that they behaved well, have agreed to Grant to each of such Men Servants who are or shall be out of their time before Christmas 1737 Fifty Acres of Land instead of the Twenty first Agreed for, and to give him a Cow and a Sow; and that their Land be set out in the Villages as soon as they are out of their Service and Proof given of their Behaviour.
Rosse the Surveyor
If Rosse [Hugh Ross or Rose] the Surveyor has not Surveyed at Ebenezer, You must Vacate his Demands and put his Agreement in force.
Care in management of Store
I am to exhort You to take all the Care You can to manage the Trust Store with the greatest Frugality, and to have at the same time a Care not to discourage the Industrious, and not to be imposed upon by the Idle, who are Drones eating upon the Publick and at the same time evil mouthed even to their Benefactors. There are great Numbers of very honest and industrious People in the Colony who are silent and easily contented, and these the Trustees hear little of. These should meet with the greatest Countenance, and not to stretch anything so as to make them uneasy; But rather to interpret all orders in their favour as far as the Words will bear it.
Encourage the Villages
You are farther to encourage the Villages. Those who live upon their Lands and raise Corn and Provisions will be useful1 Members to the Colony, and also serviceable to themselves. Consider how much Money has been laid out in Provisions; and if there was raised within the Colony so much as to Sell to the Store what was wanted; what an Advantage it would be to the whole, and to the particular Man who had Produce to Sell. Since that besides the Trustees Bounty of One shilling p Bushel, he would have the Advantage of Carriage over Strangers.
Recommended good Behaviour
I must conclude by recommending to You to be careful and tender of the Poor and Sick, and to take Care that the Clerks of the Store behave with Decency and Submission to the People who come for their Allowances; For they are paid by the Trustees for attending upon the People. And as they are not to injure the Publick by giving petulent People above their Allowances they are to give with Civility and Dispatch, that which is allowed.
The Board of Trade have consulted the Attorney General upon the Act for maintaining the Peace with the Indians in Georgia; And his Opinion is entirely in favour of the Proceedings of Georgia under that Act, and the Determination of that Matter will be in their favour:
The Trustees desire You will send over some Acorns of the ever Green Oak from Georgia, and let them know what Soil is best for them.
You are desired to Send over a Certificate of the Life of Elizabeth the Wife of Joseph Smith in the New Ward and first Tything thereof at Savannah Lot 202, In case her Maiden Name was Parker. It being necessary here to prove her Living on Accot. of some Estate held for her Life.
Mr. [William] Stephens has seen the Contents of this Letter, and will explain any Article to You, which may want any Inquiry upon.
The Annual Expence of the Northern Division of the Province of Georgia.
Expence of the Southern Division of Georgia, Establishment of Frederica
Provisions for Frederica for a Year and Quarter
Besides Mary Smallwood’s Provisions, as a first Settler.
Establishment of Darien
Provisions for Darien for a Year and Quarter
And for so many of the 40 Servants by the Ship Two Brothers which shall remain to the Trust 4 pds. a week each, a bushel of Corn and 2 1/2 pds. of Butter a month each, and 7 pds. of Cheese a Quarter each.
Carolina Scout Boat Establishment
Provisions for the Carolina Scout Boat a Year & Quarter
Georgia Scout Boat Establishment
List of Persons to be paid three months Pay with the Sola Bills sent by the Mary Ann Captain Thomas Shubrick the 11th. of August 1737
On the Northern Establishmt.
To Mr. John Cuthbert and 6 Rangers
To Mr. [Anthony] Willey and 3 Rangers
To Capt. [Aeneas] Mackintosh and 10 Men at Fort Prince George
To Thomas Jones and 2 Men for Half Pay
To the 2 Labourers in the Store House,
And to the Cooper employed there And to the Captain, Lieutenant and 15 private Men at Fort Augusta.
On the Southern Establishmt.
To the Persons on the Establishment at Frederica.
To the Storekeeper and Cattlekeeper at the Darien.
To the Persons on the Establishment at St. Andrews.
To John Latter the Patroon and 12 Men belonging to the Carolina Scout Boat.
And to John Ray the Patroon and 10 Men belonging to the Georgia Scout Boat.
Harman Verelst to Paul Jenys of Charles Town, Aug. 12, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 66-67, clarifying accounts and telling of new arrivals for Georgia. By Capt. Shubrick, copy by Capt. James Reid.
The Trustees rec’d your Letter dated the 20th of May last, and also one from Mr. Robert Ellis with his Accompt of the Delivery of 70 Pipes of Madera Wine, and the Charge of the Pilotage thereof amounting to £915:5:0 Sterling whereof £100 was paid in part by the Discharge of a Draught from him on Mr. Oglethorpe the 8th. of Decr. last; And the Residue the Trustees have paid to Captn. Pearce.
The Trustees are very much Obliged to You for Supplying Mr. Ellis with the South Carolina Currency he stood in need of, upon the Credit of their Storekeepers Certificate; Which is a fresh Instance of your Friendship to Georgia and the Trustees thereof.
And to prevent any Distress happening in that Colony, the Trustees sent Mr. [Thomas] Causton in March last £1,000 Sterling in their Sola Bills which arrived safe the beginning of June, & they will continue to send their Sola Bills sufficient to Supply the Colony under the limited Expences they have directed should be made.
Your kind Concern for the late Disputes between South Carolina and Georgia, and your Zeal to effect a Reconciliation, was very obliging, and agreable to that Behaviour You have always shewn both in Publick and Private Capacity.
Mr, [William] Stephens the Bearer of this is going to Settle in Georgia he brings with him one Woman and four Men Servants; there is a Woman Passenger and two Men Servants and a Boy and Girl besides, as also five Recruits for the Independant Company and the Wives of two of them; In all 18 Persons whom the Trustees desire You will send to Georgia as soon as possible, together with the several Parcels consigned to You by the inclosed Bill of Lading, which were Shipped by me for the Trustees on board the Mary Ann Captn. Thos. Shubrick. There is one Mr. [John] Woolley and a Man Servant on board and going to Settle in Georgia at his Father’s Expence; they may go with them. The Craft necessary for carrying these Persons, Parcels, and all their Baggage, please to hire, and the Expence that You shall be at on this Occasion for the said Craft and for necessary Incidents while Mr. Stephens stays with the People at Charles Town, the Trustees desire You will draw a Bill upon them for, and it will be duly honoured with many Thanks. And I have acquainted Mr. Causton that You were desired to defray this Charge, and that You was to draw the Bill on the Trust for it.
Harman Verelst to Lt. Moore Mackintosh at Darien, Aug. 12, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 67, telling of Scottish servants and guns sent to Darien. By Capt. Shubrick and Capt. James Reid.
The Trustees have by the Ship Two Brothers sent over 40 Men Servants to be sent to the Darien; One of whom, whose Indenture will be particularly assigned is for John Mackintosh at Leniwilg, in lieu of a Servant he lost in the Trustees Service; Others of them are for Freeholders at the Darien, upon Credit, one to each who shall desire it; And those that remain to the Trust You are to employ in Sawing Boards for the Publick Use. Mr. [Thomas] Causton will send You for each of them, as well as for the other Highland Servants under Mr. Hugh Mackay, a Plaid a short Coat & short Hose, two Shirts, and two pair of Shoes a Year. He will also send You 1 Cwt. of Cheshire Cheese, which You are to divide among the People at the Darien.
The Musquets ordered to be sent You for the Darien, could not be finished in time, but by the next Ship they will be sent, which is expected to Sail next month. But Mr. Causton will send You some Guns that went by the Ship Two Brothers.
Harman Verelst to William Horton at Frederica, Aug. 12, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 67-68, concerning contingent expenses and cheese sent to Frederica. By Capt. Shubrick and Capt. James Reid.
The Trustees having sent Mr. [Thomas] Causton Establishments for regulating the Expences of the Northern and Southern Division of the Province of Georgia, which he cannot exceed. Yet as unforseen Accidents may happen to create an incidental Expence; The Trustees have directed Mr. Causton, that upon your certifying to him the Occasion; he should furnish you with Ability to defray such Contingents Expences as may happen in the Southern Division of the Province, and which are not provided for by the Establishment, but not exceeding in the whole the Sum of £ 20 Sterling a month which Contingent Expence is not to be made unless in Cases of very urgent Necessity.
Mr. Causton has Directions to send to the Southward 2 Cwt. of Cheshire Cheese, whereof 1 Cwt, is to be divided by your Order to the People at Frederica, and the other 1 Cwt. to remain in the Store at Frederica to be disposed of according to your Orders for the Boat’s Crew’s Company’s Service.
The Trustees are much obliged to You for your good Services in Georgia, and hope for the Continuance of them.
Harman Verelst to Richard White at Frederica, Aug. 12, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 68-69, concerning accounts of stores at Frederica, Madeira wine, and cheese. By Capt. Shubrick and Capt. James Reid.
The Trustees not having had any Accot. from You of the Issuing the Remain[s] of Stores under your Care for the Southern Division of the Province which was Settled the 5th. of November 1736, nor of your Receipts and Issues since that time; They desire You will by the first Opportunity send them such Accots. and by the Ship Two Brothers they have sent Samuel Smallwood to be employed as a Clerk in the Store.
Your Receipt for the 70 Pipes of Madera Wine is arrived and the Trustees direct You will send 40 Pipes of it to Mr. Causton at Savannah for the Store there, and they acquaint You that the said Wine was not designed for the daily Consumption of the Inhabitants on the Store, but was intended and must be given out as Pay due or to grow due to the Officers, Soldiers and Labourers in the Trustees Service, and therefore as Money and to be at prime Cost which is at the Rate of £13:1:6 Sterling a Pipe; or must be given out as an Allowance of a Pint a day to those that work for the Trust when there is no Strong Beer. But the Lying in Women are to be Supplied with the usual Allowance of Wine out of this Wine, and also the sick Persons with what shall be prescribed by the Doctor.
Mr. Oglethorpe desires You will deliver to Lieut [Philip] Delegal an hhd. of Madera Wine containing 60 Gallons, which he is to distribute to the Independant Company according to the Directions Mr. Oglethorpe has sent him, it being Mr. Oglethorpe’s Gift to drink his Majesty’s Health upon Mr. Oglethorpes having the Command of that Company.
[P.S.] Mr. Causton will send to the Store 2 Cwt. of Cheshire Cheese, whereof 1 Cwt, is to be divided by Mr. [William] Horton’s Orders to the People of Frederica, and the other 1 Cwt. to be disposed of according to Mr. Horton’s Direction’s for the Boat’s Crew’s Company’s Service.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, Aug. 22, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 69-70, concerning sola bills sent, unsatisfied accounts, and Daily Advertizer and locks sent. Enclosed to Paul Jenys at Charles Town by the Charles, Capt. James Reid.
Herewith You have Copys of the Letters sent with Mr. [William] Stephens; And the Trustees having a sudden opporunity of sending some Sola Bills in a small Box consigned to Paul Jenys Esqr. by the Ship Charles Captn. James Reid; They have made out the Sum of One thousand pounds Sterling in those Bills of £5 each, being Letter C, and numbered from 331 to 530 both included.
As Mr. Oglehtorpe is in England, and his Name is necessary to the Bills; these Bills are made out issuable in Georgia for Value there to be received either by himself or his Order; and Mr. Oglethorpe on the back of these Bills has directed You to Issue them for the Value thereof. Therefore You are to fill up the days of Issuing, and the Person to whom, and Sign the Issue Your Self, filling up the Checques also, that You may know hereafter to whom each Bill was respectively Issued, For which purpose You are to keep the Checques after the Bills are Indented from them when Issued.
On the Receipt of this Letter The Trustees desire You will send them an Accompt by the first opportunity, what Demands remain unsatisfied at the time You write next; That they may know the State of their Cash, and Provide for answering the Establishments to Lady Day 1738; by sending Sola Bills in time sufficient for that Purpose; and they again repeat their Directions for your Conforming to the Rules of those Establishments, without making any other Expence whatsoever.
I have sent Mr, [Samuel] Eveleigh the Daily Advertizers from 18th June 1737 to 20th. of this month both included, which when he has perused I have desired he will forward to You.
I have sent You two Locks and Keys fasten’d upon the small Box to put to a Chest to be made in Georgia for keeping the Seal for the Town Court in, and Books and Papers of Record; Which Keys are to be kept by two of the Magistrates.
Harman Verelst to Samuel Eveleigh, Aug. 22, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 70, sending him Daily Advertizer.
Believing the Perusal of our Daily News Papers would be agreable to You, I have inclosed You the Daily Advertizers from 18 June 1737 to 20th of this instant August; which when You have perused, Please to forward them to Mr. Causton at Savannah and You will oblige.
Benjamin Martyn to Thomas Causton, Sept. 7, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 70, directing a lot at Abercorn for Isaac Gibs.
The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia have resolved to grant a Lot of fifty Acres at Abercorn to Mr. Isaac Gibs the Bearer of this. You are therefore to acquaint the Trustees nam’d in the Trust Grant, that they are order’d to put him in possession of such a Lot with all convenient Speed.
Benjamin Martyn to Bailiff and Recorder of Frederica, Sept. 7, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 71, directing a lot at Frederica for Samuel Wathey.
The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia have resolved to grant a Lot within the Town of Frederica to Mr. Samuel Wathey the Bearer of this. You are therefore to acquaint the Trustees nam’d in the Trust Grant that they must immediately put him in possession of such a Lot.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, Sept. 17, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 71-73, concerning German servants coming, food shortage to the southward, and Moravians bearing arms. By the Three Sisters, Capt. Hewitt.
Several German Familys having indented themselves at Cowes as Servants to the Trustees, Captn. [George] Dunbar who went down on that Occasion will inclose You the Indenture which they all Sign and a List of each Family and the Heads contained therein. These Familys are to be delivered at Tyble by the Ship Three Sisters Captn. Hewitt who will send You Notice of his Arrival That You may Go and receive them in such Craft as is proper to bring them from thence to Savannah; You are to call over the familys by the List computing the Number of Heads the whole amount to; And then You will find if they all arrive or if any shall have dyed at Sea. Those that arrive and are delivered to You are the Heads the Trustees are to Pay for, and You are to give the Captn. a Receipt for the Number of Heads You receive.
If the Passengers have no just Complaints against the Captn. in the Voyage, The Trustess would have You be very Civil to the Captain, whereby he may be encouraged and like to bring Passengers for Georgia And You are to be very kind to these German Familys to get dry Lodgings for them to furnish them with such Potts as shall be necessary and to let each Family be kept together; and let them have the Liberty of working for themselves on Saturdays, and what Baggage or Necessarys they have belonging to them are to remain their own.
If there are two Familys in which there are four or five young Men, You are to send them to Captn. [James] Gascoigne to Serve him; and the rest are to be imployed in going on with the Farm for the Trust under Mr. [Will] Bradley’s Directions if he is in the Colony, and in health so as to be willing to take the Charge upon him. But if not Then Mr. Henry Parker the third Bailiff is to Oversee them, and they must be imployed for the Trustees Service in Clearing and Cultivating some of their Farms, until Mr. Oglethorpe’s Arrival.
Each head of these German Families is to be Supplied with five pds. of Meat, half a pound of Butter and Six pounds of Bread kind of Indian Corn, Rice and Flour a week, and You are to take Care That their Victuals are regularly Given them, and that neither they nor any other of the Inhabitants of Georgia have any Disobliging Behaviour shewn to them to make them uneasy.
The Trustees have heard That [Jacob] Camuse’s Family are at Charles Town; and if it is true, they desire to know the reason of their going from Georgia.
The Trustees have also heard That there is a Scarcity of Provisions at the Southward which they are Surprized at, by reason of the Orders You have had for the Supplying them from Mr. Oglethorpe and by the Trustees Letters; And they again repeat their Directions that they should be Supplied according to those Orders, and to be sure that You do not let them want Bread kinds at the Darien nor anywhere else to the Southward. If Indian Corn is not to be had at a reasonable Price, Rice which is the Product of Carolina sure cannot be wanting now the Harvest is Coming in. And as great Quantitys of Provisions have been bought, how came the Southward Settlers not to have their full Supply.
The Trustees are sending the Georgia Pink Captn. [Henry] Daubuz this month to Ireland for a Cargo of Beef and Butter, and they have Shipped 60 Barrels of Beer and 20 Casks of Flour on board the said ship here.
The Trustees have sent You in a small Box by this Ship (the Bill of Lading for which Captn. Dunbar will send You) One hundred Sola Bills of £1:-each A No. 1501 to 1600 towards defraying the Expence of these German Familys. And they will send Four hundred pounds more by the Minerva Captn. Nicholson, of wch. You will have Advice from.
[P.S.] If You have Occasion for any Provisions for the Colony and Captn. Hewitt has what are good and can spare You any, he will deliver You what he can Spare and You want, on your Receipt to him for the same.
The Trustees again repeat, In Relation to the Moravians taking up Arms, That they think You should only have called upon them for two Men, That is to say, One for each Lot of Mr. [August Gottlieb] Spangenberg’s and Mr. [David] Nitschman’s; and on their sending two Men whether Moravians or others, provided they are not Servants, it will be a Discharge of them from that Duty.
Benjamin Martyn to the Count of Zinzendorf and Pottenforff, Sept. 23, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 73-74, concerning Moravians not bearing arms and doing missionary work among the Indians.
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America have received your Lordship’s Letter of the 19th. of August from Herrenhut, occasioned as they observe by Complaints sent from Your Domesticks in Georgia.
The Trustees, always attentive to fulfill their Engagements, could not be guilty of Inattention for those contracted with Your Excellency for whom they have the greatest Regard, and to convince You of this Truth, They need only appeal to the Inclosed Extract of the Orders sent by them to their Officers in Georgia some time before the Receipt of your Letter;101 by which it will appear, that it never was in the Intention of the Trustees that the Moravian Brethren should be obliged to bear Arms for it is a fundamental Maxim with them to preserve the Rights of Conscience inviolable within their Jurisdiction. In the present Case only one Man is required for each Lot, who may be either one of the Moravian Brethren, or any other Person fit to bear Arms, provided he is not a Servant.
As the Trustees (who are the Governors) look upon themselves under an indispensable Obligation to provide for the Security & Defence of the King’s Subjects inhabiting their Province against Violence in any Shape; So the Trustees will never attempt to deprive any one of the Liberty of withdrawing out of their Province or of continuing there, while they are conformable to the Regulations necessary for the Preservation and good Government of the whole.
The State of the Case my Lord was this. The Colony being under an Apprehension of common Danger by an immediate Invasion from the Spaniards, the People were put under Arms, & then the Moravian Brethren were required to appear in Arms (as they in their Letter appriz’d Mr. Causton) to which they made a very just Answer. That they were not Freeholders. And as they are your Servants and not Freeholders, they cannot legally be compell’d to bear Arms; The Trustees therefore hope that since they have given Directions to their Officers, there will be no Occasion of any Complaint for the future.
The Priviledge of going up among the Indians, and other Priviledges were allowed to Your People out of Regard to Your Lordship, and to their good Behaviour being Inhabitants there, then those Priviledges cannot be continued to any of them; And with respect to wanting them as Missionaries to Instruct the Indians, it would be a Reflection on our Country, as if there was not a sufficient Number of good Men fit to preach the Gospel of Christ. Not but that while all your People continue Inhabitants there, the Trustees will rejoice at any Success among the Indians which their Labours may be attended with.
Upon the whole my Lord, the Trustees hope that the Directions given, and which they have required their Magistrates to See performed are agreeable to the Conversation which they had with Your Lordship when You did them the Honour of Applying to them in England. But if Your Lordship has Alter’d your Mind or Your Views with Relation to your People, so as not to admit of the Freeholder’s Duty to be done for the two Lots, which may be done by any two Persons tho’ they are not Moravians provided they are Freeholders, the Trustees will give them Leave to depart, & will write to that Purpose when they know Your Lordship’s further Sentiments on this Occasion.
Harman Verelst to the Rev. Friedrich Michael Ziegenhagen, German Chaplain to His Majesty at Kensington, Oct. 3, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 75, confirming Christian Ernst Thilo’s going to Georgia.
The Trustees out of a Regard to the Recommendation of Mr. Thielow [Christian Ernst Thilo] who is going to the Saltzburghers in Georgia to be assistive to them in his Profession,102 have agreed to defray the Charge of his Passage and Bedding for him, and to Subsist him for 3 Years in Georgia in the following Manner Vizt.
6 pounds of Beef a week, 2 pounds of Rice, 2 Pounds of Pease & 2 Quarts of Four a week, a pint of Strong Beer a day, a Quart of Molasses a week, 4 pounds of Cheese, 2 pounds of Butter, 2 Ounces of Spice, 2 pounds of Sugar, a Gallon of Viegar, 6 pounds of Salt, 3 Quarts of Lamp Oyl and 3 pounds of Soap a Quarter, and a pound of Spun Cotton a year; for 3 Years in Georgia.
In Consideration whereof, The Trustees hope That he will on his part be assistive to all other Settlers in the Neighbourhood of Ebenezer, that may want his Help. Please to Communicate this to him, and let him know I will wait on him next Thursday morning at Mr. [Henry] Newman’s about Eleven to Acquaint him when and where he goes on board.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, Oct. 6, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 75, extending credit to John and Sarah Amory.
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America having Consented, on the Petition of John Amory and Sarah his Wife going to Settle in Georgia to let them have a Credit in Georgia in Provisions and Necessarys in Case they should have Occasion for it to the Value of Fifty pounds Sterling. And They having Signed a Security for Payment thereof to the Trustees out of their Estate in England.
This therefore desires You to let them have such Credit as the said John Amory or Sarah his Wife shall want it, either in Provisions or Necessarys for themselves or Servants, Taking a Receipt for the same from time to time.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, Oct. 10, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 76-79, concerning provisions, John Amory, supplies sent, servants, Oglethorpe’s regiment. By the Minerva, Capt. Nicholson, and by the Georgia Pink, Capt. Daubuz.
By the Mary Ann Captn. Subrick and by the Charles Captn. Reid You received the Trustees Resolutions of limiting the Expences of the Colony, and their Directions for Your Conforming to the Rules of those Establishments sent You by both the said Ships, which they still Continue to Repeat.
By the Three Sisters Captn. Hewitt the Trustees Letter mentions their Surprize to hear of a Scarcity of Provisions at the Southward, when by the inclosed Accots. of the Remains at Novr. last and Receipts since, taken from the Certified Accots. such Quantities appear. You had a List left with You in Novr. last of the Inhabitants at the Southward and the Proportion of Provisions to be delivered to each, a Copy of which is now sent You. Which Inhabitants being those that Mr. Oglethorpe left or Provided for Coming who amounted in the whole to 221 Heads, whereof at Frederica 153 and at the Darien 68. And the Trustees fearing That the Proportion of Bread kinds established for them in the said List is not sufficient, they have Ordered that from the Receipt of this Letter to Lady Day next each head of the said Inhabitants both at Frederica and the Darien is to be Supplied after the Rule of 24 pounds of Flour or Rice or a Bushel of Indian Corn P month, so as to make the whole Bread kind 6 pds. a week to each head, whether all of one kind, or part of one kind and part of another; Whereby a month’s Flour or Rice or a Proportion of each be 24 pounds together, or a Bushel of Corn in lieu thereof.
Captn, [Henry] Daubuz will Sail next Week to Cork and from thence to Georgia with 600d Barrels of Beef, 200d Firkins of Butter, 60 Barrels of Beer, 20 Casks of Flour, 60 Firkins of Tallow, 516 pair of Shoes, and another Saw Mill.
Mr. [William] Stephens’s Son who brings you this, is accompanied with the following New Settlers at their own Expence. Vizt. John Amory his Wife and 3 Children with two Men Servants. He has a Grant of 150ty. Acres of Land and is recommended to the Trustees as understanding Surveying, in Case there should be any Occasion of his Assistance; He brings over a Circumferenter and Case of Instruments, if he should be found usefull and fit to be employed, he has a Copy of the Terms made with Rosse [Hugh Ross or Rose]; And if he is at all employed it must be under proper Agreement from time to time as he shall be used. The Memorial of his Grant to be Registered with the Auditor will be sent by the next Ship, Mr. Amory has an Estate in England of £53.— a year, the Rents of which are engaged for near 4 Years to Pay some remaining Debts of his and he and his Wife have executed a Deed to the Trustees for Georgia for the Payment of £50 Sterling after his Creditors are paid in Case that he or his Wife should want Assistance in the mean time with either Provisions or Necessarys in Georgia to that Amount, for which they have a particular Letter of Credit.
Isaac Gibbs his Wife 2 Children and a Man Servant to Settle on a 50 Acres Lot, and Samuel Wathey to Settle on a 50 Acres Lot, for which they have particular Letters.
You will receive by this Ship forwarded from Charles Town 2 Cases of Musquets, 2 Caggs of Bullets and 2 half Barrels of Gun Powder, which must be sent to Lieut. Moore Mackintosh for the Use of the Darien.
There are also 15 Barrels of Herrings sent you, five whereof must be sent to Frederica, five more to Lieut. Moore Mackintosh for the Darien, and the other five are for Savannah; And the whole are to be divided to the People at each Place by heads; whereof Mr. [William] Horton and Lieut Moore Mackintosh are made acquainted.
And in a small Box to You the Trustees have sent You £ 400 more in Sola Bills for the Service of the Colony. They are Letter A. No. 1,601 to 2,000 and they will send more by Captn. Ayers who Sails this month.
The Ship Three Sisters was to Sail from Cowes last Saturday with 109 1/2 Heads of Foreign Servants, in the Letter by that Ship You were directed, That after Captn. [James] Gascoigne had Two Families, the rest were to be employed in going on with the Farm for the Trust under Mr. [Will] Bradley’s Direction, but the Trustees have wrote to him That You are now directed to employ of them Servants, Men and Boys sufficient to Supply Two for the Store, such Labourers for the Millwrights as they may want, Eight for the Crane and Garden and Loading and Unloading &c. And the Familys belonging to them are not to be Seperated from them, but to be with them and employed in such manner as You shall find most convenient for the Service of the Trust, and the rest are to be employed in going on with the Farm for the Trust under Mr. Bradley’s Direction if he is in the Colony and in health so as to be willing to take the Charge upon him. But if not, then Mr. Henry Parker the 3d Bayliff is to Oversee them, and they must be employed for the Trustees Service in Clearing and Cultivating some of their Farms, until Mr. Oglethorpe’s Arrival according to the said Letter. The Employing of these Servants in such Labour which is now paid for will be a Saving in that Article of Expence. And the Trustees desire That every Saving may be made where there is any Room for it; and You cannot recommend Your Self more to them than by acting in that manner, and at the same time having a Regard not to permit any real Want among the Industrious People.
The Trustees now acquaint You That notwithstanding any Rumours concerning Spanish Claims and Intentions against Georgia, the Colony is to be Supported. For the King has upon full Consideration took the necessary Measures, and made Mr. Oglethorpe Captain General and Commander in Chief of all His Majesty’s Forces in Carolina and Georgia, and has Ordered a Regiment of 600d Men besides Officers for Protecting his Subjects in Georgia and his Possession thereof, and given the Command of the said Regiment to Mr. Oglethorpe; 300 Men whereof will soon arrive with the Lieut. Colonel. These Troops will not in any manner Interfere with the Civil Affairs, but the Power of the Militia and Guard Houses will remain as they are. And all Priviledges & Libertys will be preserved. Wherefore You are to be Assistive in every thing to make your Protectors easy; And to remember the great obligations You have to the King for his Care of You.
In the small Box sent herewith You receive a Grant and Counterpart of 500 Acres of Land to Mr. Robert Hay who Sailed from Scotland for Georgia with Mr. [Hugh] Anderson. The £1:1:0 Consideration Money and£ 0:10:6 more for Registering the Memorial of the Grant with the Auditor have been Advanced for Mr. Hay by the Trustees, which You are to receive of him on his Executing the Counterpart of the Grant and Charge your Self therewith; and when received and the Counterpart executed, You are to deliver the Grant to him and send the Counterpart to the Trustees. And the Memorial thereof Registered will be sent Mr. Hay by the next Ship.
The Trustees have also sent You their part of Saml. Lander’s Indenture who went by the Mary Ann Captn. Shubrick and was Ordered to the Millwrights, which please to let him have.
Mr. John Crokatt having agreed to deliver You at Savannah for the use of the Trustees Servants in Georgia 1000 Yards of the best Osnabrigs at 8d Sterling a Yard, he has wrote to Mr. George Seaman for that Purpose, and You are to give your Receipt for them to be paid for in England. The Trustees have paid Mr. Crokatt for the 2 hhds. of Molasses delivered in Georgia by Mr. Oglethorpe’s Order in August 1736.
Mr. Jenys being dead, the Parcels by this Ship are consigned to Mr. Joseph Wragg at Charles Town to be forwarded to You, and he has been desired to draw a Bill upon the Trustees for the Expence thereof.
I have sent Mr. [Samuel] Eveleigh the Daily Advertizers from the 22d of August 1737 to the 8th. of October instant both included, which when he has perused I have desired he will forward to You.
Harman Verelst to George Seaman, merchant at Charles Town, Oct. 10, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 79, requesting cloth for Georgia.
The Trustees having Agreed with Mr. John Crokatt for your delivering Mr. Thomas Causton at Savannah in Georgia 1000 Yards of the best Osnabrigs at 8d a Yard, Mr, Crokatt has wrote to You for that purpose and directed You to take Mr. Causton’s Receipt for the Delivery thereof. Which will Intitle Your Correspondent to Payment for the same here.
Harman Verelst to Capt. James Gascoigne, Oct. 10, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 79, assigning German servants to him. By the Minerva, Capt. Nicholson, and the Georgia Pink, Capt. Daubuz.
Several German Familys having indented themselves for Servts. to the Trustees and Sailed to Georgia on board the Three Sisters from Cowes. Mr. [Thomas] Causton has Directions to let You have of them, Familys wherein are 4 or 5 young Men to Serve You.
Harman Verelst to William Bradley at Savannah, Oct. 10, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 80, disposing of German servants in Georgia. By the Minerva, Capt. Nicholson, and by the Georgia Pink, Capt. Daubuz.
By the Ship Three Sisters which Sailed from Cowes last Saturday several German Families are gone Servants to Georgia, and Mr. [Thomas] Causton was by that Ship directed That after Captn. [James] Gascoigne had two familys wherein were 4 or 5 young Men, the rest were to be employed in going on with the Farm for the Trust under your Direction if You were willing to take the Charge upon You. But if not then other Directions were given concerning them.
Since which the Trustees have by this Ship the Minerva directed Mr. Causton be employ of the said German Servants, Men and Boys sufficient to Supply Two for the Store, such Labourers for the Millwrights as they may want, Eight for the Crane and Garden and Loading and Unloading &c. and that the Familys belonging to them will not to be seperated from them, but to be with them and employed in such manner as he should find most convenient for the Service of the Trust; and that then the rest were to be employed in going on with the Farm as above. Whereof the Trustees have directed me to acquaint You,
Harman Verelst to William Stephens, Oct. 10, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 80-81, concerning mail from Georgia, provisions, Oglethorpe’s regiment, and German servants. By the Minerva, Capt. Nicholson.
Your Son who brings You this, will let You know how your Complement of Servants has been made up, there having been only three Shipped from Scotland for which a Bill has been drawn and will be paid next Thursday. I hope You had a good Voyage.
The Trustees for the Conveniency of a safe Correspondence between the Inhabitants in Georgia and their Friends in England, have directed You to give Notice to the Inhabitants that they may bring or send their Letters to You once a fortnight to be forwarded to England by every Opportunity that next offers; which You are to forward accordingly to the Care of the Trustees with a List of the said Letters keeping a Copy of each List to Send by the next opportunity after them with an Account how they were forwarded.
You are further desired to acquaint the Trustees what Horses Cattle and Stock are in the Colony belonging to them, and what Quantity of Trees there are in the Trustees Garden.
The Trustees by their Letter to Mr. [Thomas] Causton have directed That the Inhabitants at Frederica and the Darien which Mr. Oglethorpe left there should from the Receipt of that Letter which comes with this, be Supplied with Bread kinds until Lady Day next at the rule of 24 pounds of Flour or Rice, or a Bushel of Indian Corn each head P month so as to make the whole Bread kinds 6pd. a week to each head, whether all of one kind, or part of one kind and part of another; Whereby a month’s Flour or Rice or a Proportion of each be 24 pds, together, or a Bushel of Corn in lieu thereof. Which Direction is given for fear the Proportion of Bread kinds on the Established Allowance for those Inhabitants was not sufficient. And the Trustees Ordered me to acquaint You of this Direction that You may Enquire how they are Supplied.
The King has ordered a Regiment for Georgia of 600d Men besides Officers and made Mr. Oglethorpe Colonel, Captn. [James] Cochran Lieut. Col. and Capt. [William] Cooke Major, Lieut Col. Cochran will soon be with You with part of the Regiment, he going to Gibraltar for Men from thence.
Last Saturday the Ship Three Sisters Sailed from Cowes with 109 1/2 heads of Foreign Servants for Georgia; Two Familys whereof are for Captn. [James] Gascoigne, several others to be employed as Labourers in the Store, for the Millwright, for the Crane & Garden and for Loading and Unloading &c. And the Residue are to be employed in going on with the Farm for the Trust under Mr. [Will] Bradley’s Direction if he is in the Colony and in health, so as to be willing to take the Charge upon him. But if not, then Mr. Henry Parker the 3d. Bayliff is to Oversee them, and they are to be employed for the Trustees Services in Clearing and Cultivating some of their Farms until Mr. Oglethorpe’s Arrival.
Harman Verelst to William Horton at Frederica, Oct. 10, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 82, specifying provisions for Frederica and Darien. By the Minerva, Capt. Nicholson, and the Georgia Pink, Capt. Daubuz.
The Trustees fearing the Proportions of Bread kinds on the Established Allowance was not sufficient for the Inhabitants at Frederica and the Darien, have directed Mr. [Thomas] Causton; That from the Receipt of their Letter to him, which comes with this to Lady Day next, Those Inhabitants which Mr. Oglethorpe left at the Southward or Provided for their Coming, who Amounted to 221 Heads whereof at Frederica 153 and at the Darien 68 as by the inclosed List should be Supplied at the Rate of 24 pounds of Flour or Rice or a Bushel of Indian Corn each head p month, So as to make the whole Bread kinds 6 pds. a week to each head, whether all of one kind, or part of one kind and part of another; Whereby a month’s Flour or Rice or a Proportion of each be 24 pounds together, or a Bushel of Corn in lieu thereof.
The Trustes have sent by this Ship 5 Barrels of Herrings which Mr. Causton is to send to Frederica to be divided to the People there by Heads.
Harman Verelst to Lt. Moore Mackintosh, Oct. 10, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 82, listing arms, ammunition, and herring sent to Darien. By the Minerva, Capt. Nicholson, and the Georgia Pink, Capt. Daubuz.
By this Ship the Trustees have sent 50 Musquets in 2 Cases, 5 Cwt. of Bullets in 2 Caggs and 2 half Barrels of Gun Powder for small Arms which they have directed Mr. [Thomas] Causton to send You to be under your Care for Service at the Darien.
The Trustees have also directed him to Send You 5 Barrels of Herrings which come by this Ship to be divided to the People at the Darien by Heads. Whereof I hereby Acquaint You.
Harman Verelst to Samuel Eveleigh at Charles Town, Oct. 10, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 83, concerning newspapers and certified accounts. By the Minerva, Capt. Nicholson.
The Trustees have regularly received the So. Carolina Gazettes which You have sent them. And I have herewith sent You the Daily Advertizers from the 22nd. of August 1737 to the 8th. of October instant, which when You have perused, Please to forward them to Mr. [Thomas] Causton at Savannah,
The Trustees have paid Messrs. Bakers the Certified Accots. You sent them to receive, and they are much obliged to You for your Favours and kind Correspondences, which they thank You for & desire the Continuance of.
Harman Verelst to Joseph Wragg, merchant at Charles Town, Oct. 10, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 83 consigning goods and settlers to him to be forwarded to Georgia. By the Minerva, Capt. Nicholson.
Mr. [Paul] Jenys being dead, to whom the Trustees used to Consign Passengers and Parcels to be forwarded to Georgia; Your Brother Applied to Mr, Oglethorpe, That You might be assistive to the Trust in anything in your Power. Whereupon I received Directions to Consign to you the Parcels in the Inclosed Bill of Lading Shipped for the Trust on board the Minerva Captn. Nicholson to be forwarded to Mr. [Thomas] Causton at Savannah in Georgia, There is some Gun Powder and Shot in another Bill of Lading inclosed and consigned to You wch. was Shipped for one Mr. Tuckwell, and which please to forward with the Parcels for the Trust to be delivered to Mr. John Brownfield at Savannah in Georgia.
Mr. Thomas Stephens comes over a Passenger with a Servt. or two to Go to his Father at Savannah in Georgia, who with John Amory and family, Isaac Gibbs and family, and Samuel Wathey other Passengers for Georgia on board the said Ship may with their Baggage be sent by the same Conveniency with the Goods above mention’d, which Conveniency please to Provide and draw a Bill upon the Trustees at the Georgia Office Westmr. for the Expence thereof, and it will be duly Honoured with many Thanks.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, Oct. 12, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 84, concerning supplies and servants sent to Georgia. By the Georgia Pink, Capt. Daubuz.
Herewith You receive Copys of the Trustees Letter Dated the 10th instant, and the Papers therewith inclosed.
Inclosed You receive the Invoyce and Bill of Lading of what was Shipped in London on board the Georgia Pink.
The Casks of Shoes You are to keep in the Store until Mr. Oglethorpe’s Arrival, and also the Bale of Cloth and Basket of Hour Glasses.
The Box of Medecines must be sent to Mr. [Thomas] Hawkins at Frederica.
And the other Parcels to be delivered as directed. The Passengers on board this Ship are
Mr. [Christian Ernst] Thilo a Surgeon going to Ebenezer.
Samuel Goff whose Indenture I have indorsed and inclosed to Mr. Harry Buckley at Frederica in Georgia, and whose Passage has been paid in England; He must therefore be sent to Frederica to Mr. Harry Buckley. I rec’d some Money for sending this Servant and for his Maintenance in Georgia, whereon I have a Balance for Mr. Harry Buckley and his Servant’s Use in my Hands of £6:13:0 which if You please to Apply in Maintenance and Necessarys for him and his Servant, It shall be made good to the Trustees on Mr. Buckley’s Certificate that he has been Supplied to that Amount. And I have wrote to him for that purpose.
Thomas Webb and Edward Haynes two Servants bound to the Trust but Assigned over to Wm. Stephens Esqr. to Compleat the 10 Servants he was to take over; which if by any other Means are Compleated, his Son Mr. Thomas Stephens who has their Indentures has Signed the inclosed Note to deliver over the Indenture or Indentures so Assigned to remain for the Use of the Trustees.
And John Evan a Servant bound to the Trust whose Indenture I have inclosed and who is to be employed in such Labour as is at present paid for, or with the other Trust Servants on Cultivation.
The Trustees parts of the said 4 Indentures will be sent over as soon as they are Sealed.
Thomas Stephens note, Oct. 8, 1737, C.O. 5/667, between pp. 83 and 84, concerning William Stephens’ servants.
Whereas Mr. Harman Verelst hath assigned over the Indentures of Edward Haynes and Thomas Webb bound to the Georgia Trust in favour of Wm. Stephens Esqr. and to make up his Complement of ten Men Servants. If therefore my Father the said Wm. Stephens shall happen to have his Number of Servants without them or one of them. Then I hereby Declare That the Indenture or Indentures so Assigned shall be delivered over in Georgia for the Use of the Trustees. Witness on my Hand
Harman Verelst to Thomas Hawkins at Frederica, Nov. 4, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 85, listing grape cuttings for planting.
Major Wm. Cook having presented the Colony with Sixteen different Sorts of Vines Cuttings from France; General Oglethorpe directed me to send them to Your Care, they are in a Basket in Mould and each Sort have Notch’d Sticks fastened to them; Which when taken out must be planted seperate, and new Mark’d, The Sticks notched as follow, describe each particular Sort of Vine Cuttings as hereafter is mentioned.
|Notch 1.||White Frontinac|
|Notch 2.||Blew Frontinac|
|Notch 3.||Grizlin Frontinac|
|Notch 4.||White Sweet Water|
|Notch 5.||White Muscadine|
|Notch 6.||St. Peter or blew Hisperian|
|Notch 7.||Red Hisperian or Hambro|
|Notch 8.||Blew Hambro or Warner|
|Notch 9.||Chianta or Greek|
|Notch 10.||Red Rayzon Grapes for Wine|
|Notch 11.||Renish Grape|
|Notch 12.||Avernant, the true Burgundy, or Pino|
|Notch 13.||Abernant Tent, Red Juice|
|Notch 14.||White Avernant|
|Notch 15.||Toca Grape from Hungary|
|Notch 16.||The Miller, called by Mr. King and others the Burgundy.|
If the Soil is strong white Grapes is only proper. But for Blew a light Sand, especially the Avernant which does best in Sand.
Champaign and most of the Wines in France is made from the Avernant, as well as the Burgundy Wine.
The Vine Cuttings sent are to their proper length, and must be planted so, That the Top Eye is even with the Ground. The Ground must be kept very clean when they are planted; and no other Plants must be Suffered to grow near them.
Which Instructions You are desired to have pursued.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, Nov, 5, 1737, Westminster, C,0. 5/667, pp. 86-89, concerning German servants, Robert Hay, John West, William Harris, provisions, and supplies sent. Inclosed to Messrs. Crockatt and Seaman at Charles Town, by the King George, Capt. Jacob Ayers.
In the Trustees Letter by the three Sisters Captn. Hewitt and by the Indentures Captn. Dunbar sent You from Cowes; You were made acquainted of the several German Familys who had indented themselves to the Trust; And in the Trustees Letter by the Minerva You were directed how they should be employed, an Extract of which Letter is hereiwth sent you.
The Trustees now not only repeat their Directions for your being very kind to these German Families, But they Order You to acquaint the said Familys of the Instructions You now receive, which are That all the said German Families bound to the Trust, who can within Six weeks after their Arrival on your Receipt hereof repay their Passage and the Charges of their being brought to Georgia amounting to £6:2:6 Sterling for each Head, either by their own Ability, or by procuring themselves Masters, who will pay it for them.; Provided that each Family do continue to remain together and are not proposed to be divided; shall be discharged from their Indentures, and be at their own Liberty to Settle themselves in Georgia or to go from thence as they shall think fit. And the Trustees direct You to be very careful in your Conduct to them, that they may have no Cause of Complaint.
These Families were by Compulsion contracted with Messrs. Hopes at Rotterdam to carry them to Philadelphia, were ill used in their Voyage to Cowes, and Complained thereof to His Majesty, a Copy of whose Petition the Trustees have herewith sent You. The King referred this Petition to Genl. Oglethorpe to examine into the Allegations thereof, who took great Pains therein, and made a Report, whereof a Copy is also sent You. Whereupon the Merchant having consented to alter the Voyage, and several of the Germans being inclined to Go to Georgia, Captn. [George] Dunbar was sent to Cowes to indent so many of them as were willing to go to Georgia; with an Agreement for such Families to be discharged from their Indentures as could Repay their Passage and Charges as above.
The other Familys on board the said Ship go to Settle in Carolina, among which there is Hanss Jacob Ham and his Family who had paid a considerable part of his and his Family’s Passage in Holland consisting of 4 Heads whereof John Jacob Vanomaker his Servant was one, who with is Master’s Consent indented himself to the Trustees, and for whom You are to pay the said Hanss Jacob Ham £2:12:6 Sterling for the half freight of his said Servant wch. he paid in Rotterdam, and which the Trustees will deduct from the Owner here out of the freight they are to Pay; And You are to Discharge the said Hanss Jacob Ham from being lyable to the Owner for the other half of the said freight, which the Trustees are lyable for in Case the said Servant arrives in Georgia.
Herewith You receive the translated Copys of five Receipts for Money paid by the several Persons therein mentioned to Messrs. Hope at Rotterdam in part of their Passage and for which Captn. Dunbar gave his Receipt to be accomptable.
The Sterling Money of each Receipt is set against each Sum, and You are to Repay the said Sum to the Persons who have paid the same and Certify that You have so done That the Trustees may deduct such Sums from the Owner after the Accots. of their Arrival is received. The whole Sums of the said five Receipts in Sterling Money amount to £32:13:10.
By the Georgia Pink Captain Daubuz, John Evan was sent over as a Servant bound to the Trust & his Indenture was also sent You. If Mr. John Burton at Savannah can pay You for the Trustees Use £6:5:0 Sterl. for the Passage Bedding and Cloathing of the said John Evan You may let him have him and Assign over his Indenture to him; Mr. Burton’s Wife having applied for two Servants to be sent her Husband for him to Pay the Charge of on their Arrival in Georgia, whereof, the said John Evan may be one; And if You can help Mr. Burton to another Man Servant on his Paying the Expence thereof, the Trustees would have You Supply him.
Herewith You receive the Memorial of the Grant of 500d. Acres of Land to Mr. Robert Hay which is Registered with the Auditor, and must be delivered Mr. Hay with his Grant on the Payment of the £1:11:6 as mentioned in the Trustees Letter of the 10th. of October last. The Memorial of Mr. Amory’s Grant is inclosed to him, he having paid for it.
Mr. John West when he was in England gave his Note to the Trustees for £10. which was due the 29th. of September last, being the Consideration Money mentioned in the Trustees Grant of 500d. Acres of Land to Elizabeth West his Wife the Widow of the late Joseph Hughes, who Surrendered to the Trustees her Right in the 50 Acres Lot of her said late Husband. A Copy of that Note is herewith sent You, and the Trustees direct You to demand Payment thereof, or Discount it in Mr. West’s Accot. of Work, and let them Know when You have so done that they may send Mr. West his Note, and enter the Receipt thereof in their Books.
The Trustees have lately heard of Wm. Harris’s Behaviour to Mr. Plumsted his Master in London, and therefore think it necessary to direct You to dismiss him from any Service under You in the Trustees Store or otherwise; And that You do not on any Account whatsoever employ or trust him any more wherein the Trustees are concerned.
The Trustees in their Letter of the 10th. of October last by the Minerva and the Copy thereof by the Georgia Pink sent the 12th. of the said October, Ordered You That from the Receipt of that Letter to Lady Day next each Head of the Inhabitants at Frederica and the Darien should be Supplied after the Rate of 24 pds. of Flour or Rice or a bushel of Indian Corn p month, so as to make the whole Bread kinds 6 pds. a Week to each head, whether all of one kind, or part of one kind and part of another; Whereby a month’s Flour or Rice or a proportion of each be 24 pds. together; or a Bushel of Corn in lieu thereof. And they herein repeat the same order.
By this Ship the King George Captn. Ayers, David Zeizberger goes over to his father David Zeizberger one of the Moravian Brethren at Savannah in Georgia, and has a Lad John Michael Schaub his Acquaintance with him. They are to be sent to the rest of the Moravians at Savannah, and put under the Direction of their Chiefs. Zeizberger has a particular Letter to You for that Purpose.
These Boys with the following Parcels are Consigned to the Care of Messrs. Crokatt and Seaman, Mr. John Crokatt going in the Ship with them; And they are to be forwarded to You. The Parcels You are to receive, and what they contain are as follow.
|H.P.B.||A Case with Linnen, Medecines, and Books for Ebenezer, to be sent to Mr. [John Martin] Bolzius for the Saltzburghers.|
|G × C||1 Bale containing 1,511 1/3 Yards of Lindseys for Cloathing for the German and other Servants belonging to the Trust (except the Scotch who are other ways Cloathed).|
|1||Bale containing 150 Blankets for the said Servants.|
|1||Box directed to John Platner a Servant to Wm. Stephens Esqr. to be delivered to him.|
|1||Case directed to Charles Carter a Servant to the Revd. Mr. [John] Wesley to be delivered to him.|
A small Box directed to You, wherein is contained 300d Sola Bills A. No. 2,001 to 2,100, No. 2,101 to 2,200 & No. 2,401 to 2,500 of £ 1.-.- each to be Issued by You for the Use of the Colony according to the established Allowances and the Orders You have received, which General Oglethorpe has on the back of ea. directed me to Issue for the Value. The other 200d Bills numbered from 2201 to 2400 when Signed by Genl. Oglethorpe will be sent by the next Ship; This Ship now going from Gravesend; and in the said Box are several Letters.
A Basket of Vine Cuttings to be sent to Mr. Thomas Hawkins at Frederica, who has a particular Letter of Instructions relating to them.
The Expence of sending these Boys and Parcels from Charles Town to You, Messrs. Crokatt and Seaman have Instructions to draw a Bill upon the Trustees for.
Harman Verelst to Messrs. Crockatt and Seaman, merchants at Charles Town, Nov. 5, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 89-90, concerning supplies and two German boys sent to Georgia. By the King George, Capt. Ayers.
I have Consigned to You the Parcels in the inclosed Bill of Lading Shipped for the Trust on board the King George Captn. Jacob Ayers, to be forwarded to Mr. Thomas Causton at Savannah in Georgia. There is two German Boys named David Zeizberger and John Michael Schaub to be sent to Georgia by the same Conveyance. The Expence of sending the said Boys and Parcels to Georgia, Please to draw a Bill upon the Trustees for at their Office near the House of Lords Westminster, and your Bill will be duly Honoured. And the same time Please to forward the Letter to Mr. Causton herewith sent You.
Harman Verelst to Capt. James Gascoigne, Dec. 13, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 91, concerning Georgia’s defense. By the Content, Capt. George Thurnam.
Your Letter to Mr. [Benjamin] Martyn dated the 10th. of August last was received, with the Copys of the Govr. of St. Augustine’s Letter to You and your Answer, for which the Trustees thank You and very much approve your Conduct. It is a great Satisfaction to them that so zealous and prudent an Officer as your self has the Protection of their Colony. And as Succours are now going from England to Strengthen the Colony by Land, the Trustees hope they will arrive soon enough to prevent the Designs of the Spaniards. But in the mean time they are highly obliged to you for your Care, and they doubt not the Continuance of it.
Harman Verelst to William Williamson at Savannah, Dec. 14, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 91, acknowledging his complaints against John Wesley. By the Content, Capt. George Thurnam.
The Trustees received your Letter dated the 9th. of Septr. last with the Affidavit and Copys of Papers therewith sent relating to Mr. John Wesley, and they have Ordered a Copy of your Letter & your Wife’s Affidavit to be sent to him for his Answer thereto; That the Complaint and Answer may be considered of at the same time. It is very right that the Trustees should be acquainted with every Proceeding, but very wrong in You to Order the Presentments of the Grand Jury and your Wife’s Affidavit to be printed, Which is taking a Remedy and appealing to the World at the same time that You are applying to the Trustees of the Colony to consider your Case.
If You shall have any further Complaint to send for the Trustees Consideration either against Mr. Wesley or any one else, You are desired to let the Party complained against have a Copy of such Complaint; That they may at the same time send their Defence. For the Trustees cannot determine on hearing one Side only.
I delivered your Letter to your Uncle and Sister as You desired.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, Dec. 14, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 92-95, concerning reports to the Trustees, Trustees’ cattle, use of Negroes in Georgia, certified accounts, sola bills, parsonage and schoolhouse at Ebenezer, sale of John Stonehewer’s lot, and prayers for the royal family. By the Content, Capt. George Thurnam.
The Trustees have received your Journal from 25th. April 1737 to the 24th. of May foil, and also your Day Book with the several Copys of Letters and Papers therewith sent. They have also received your Letter of the 22nd. of August last, with your Cash Books from the 2d. of November 1736 to the last of June 1737. But your Cash Books from the last of July 1736 for the months of August, September and October 1736 have never been received, Nor your Diary mentioned in your said Letter. Therefor Please to send them or Duplicates of them in Case they have been sent and miscarried.
The Trustees on reading your Journal, approve of your Conduct as You have there Stated it; And acquaint You that You are not obliged to take Notice of any Persons alledging they have a Commission from the Trustees, without the Producing it to be Recorded.
Herewith You receive another Copy of the Agreement with Mr. [William] Bradley, whereby You plainly See he has no Powers given him to Act as You represent him to have done in the Case of the Cattle, And the Trustees have wrote to him, that he has no other Charge of the Cattle, but under your Order, and that You are to Communicate the Trustees Orders to him, which he is to Obey. Which Orders are, That You take from him what Cattle are necessary for the Settlers at Highgate and such other Settlers to whom the Trustees are under any Promise to Supply; But at the same time You are directed to leave Mr. Bradley sufficient Cattle for the Improvements of the Trust Farm.
It was very right in You to prevent the taking up Land without the Trustees Grant, and You are to take all proper Measures to continue to prevent the like in any the least Instance.
As to Captn. [Patrick?] Mackays Use of Negroes, the Trustees direct that the Act for prohibiting the Use of Negroes be duly put in Execution; And in that Act there are sufficient Powers and Penaltys enacted to put an End to such Proceedings of Captn. Mackay, for no one is to be Spared that will not obey Law nor any one indulged in their Endeavours to evade the Law.
The several Bills You drew on Genl. Oglethorpe to enable You to Settle your new Farm are now all come to hand amounting in the whole to £200 Sterling. Which, the Trustees ordered to be paid in Consideration of your Services in the Colony from Febry. 1732 as Storekeeper and one of the Magistrates.
The following Advices of and Certified Accots. have been received by the Trustees amounting to £3,293:19:4 Sterling Vizt.
These Accompts being for Provisions and Necessarys supplied the Colony; and the Trustees having sent You since Captn. Dymond’s Arrival with £100 in Sola Bills the Sum of £ 2,450 more in Sola Bills by the following Ships. Vizt.
|In August 1737||By the Mary Ann Captn. Shubrick||650|
|By the Charles Captn. Reid.||1,000|
|In September||By the three Sisters Captn. Hewitt.||100|
|In October||By the Minerva Captn. Nickleson||400|
|In November||By the King George Captn. Ayers.||300|
And they have now sent You £200 more in Sola Bills of £1.-0. ea. A No. 2,201 to 2,400, and they are the last Supply they can send You until a new Grant is made by the Parliament; Which £200. with the former sent You as above and the before mentioned Accots. Certified since Midsr. last amount in the whole to the Sum of £ 5,943:19:4. The Trustees therefore now rest Satisfied that You are fully Supplied to answer the Demands abroad to Lady Day next according to the established Allowances and Orders sent You; Which Demands You are to Discharge with the said Provisions, Necessarys and Sola Bills without Certifying any more Accots. for the Trustees will not nor cannot, pay them. And they are resolved that no other Method shall be used of Supplying the Demands abroad, but by their Sola Bills; To prevent any larger Purchases of Provisions and Necessarys being made, or any larger Expences being at any time Accrued than there are Sola Bills in the Colony to Pay for and Answer; And thereby preserve their own Credit and that of the Colony at the same time, in having the Expences thereof regulated, agreable to what the Trustees shall from time to time appropriate by sending their Sola Bills to Answer.
In the Trustees Letter dated 23d March last You were directed to expend £16 Sterl. in building the Minister’s House & a School House at New Ebenezer exclusive of the Expence of Hogs and Poultry; But Mr. [John Martin] Bolzius by his Letter dated 28th. of July last writes, that You told him some of the £16 should be applied for buying the Hogs and Poultry; Which sure must be some Mistake in him, for the Letter makes the Expences distinct the one from the other, the Benefactor having enabled the Trustees to do both. And the Trustees now direct You that the said £16 should be increased to £ 30. to be expended in building the said Houses as Mr. Bolzius shall approve of; Besides the Charge of the Hogs and Poultry which is no part of the said £30, nor was intended any part of the £16. And at Mr. Bolzius’s Request and Genl. Oglethorpe’s acquainting the Trustees of the Rules prescribed to the People at Old Ebenezer before their Removal, the Trustees have consented that the Crop got at Old Ebenezer at their Removal should not be Accoted. as part of their reduced Allowance, but shall remain to their own Use over and above the said reduced Allowance to Septr. last.
The Friends of John Stonehewer at Skidoway have applied to the Trustees for Leave for his Alienating his Fifty Acres Lot & for his Return home, his said Friends being desirous to provide for him in England and his Wife being here and unwilling to Go to him; Which the Trustees have Consented to, on Stonehewer’s Producing a Proprietor for such Lot not having Lands in the Province of Georgia in Possession or Remainder; Whom Wm. Stephens Esqr. the Secretary for the Affairs of the Trust within their Province shall approve of.
The Queen being dead the Trustees have received an Instruction from the King to cause his Order to be Published in Georgia for praying for “Their Royal Highnesses Frederick Prince of Wales, the Princess of Wales, the Duke, the Princess and all the Royal Family.” And herewith You receive a Copy thereof, that the same may be Complied with accordingly by all the Ministers of the several Congregations in the Province of Georgia.
Harman Verelst to William Stephens, Dec. 14, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 95, permitting the sale of John Stonehewer’s lot and giving instructions on prayers for the royal family. By the Content, Capt. George Thurnam.
The Friends of John Stonehewer at Skidoway having applied to the Trustees for Leave for his Alienating his Fifty Acres Lot and his Return home, his said Friends being desirous to provide for him in England and his Wife being here and unwilling to Go to him. The Trustees have consented thereto Provided he produces a Proprietor for such Lot, not having Lands in the Province of Georgia in Possession or Remainder, whom You shall approve the Character of. Whereof I have acquainted Mr. [Thomas] Causton and him.
The Queen being dead, the Trustees have received an Instruction from the King to cause his Order to be Published in Georgia for praying for “Their Royal Highnesses Frederick Prince of Wales, the Princess of Wales, the Duke, the Princess and all the Royal Family”. And herewith You receive a Copy thereof that the same may be complied with accordingly by all the Ministers of the several Congregations in the Province of Georgia. And I have sent another Copy to Mr. Causton.
Harman Verelst to the Rev. John Martin Bolzius, Dec. 14, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 96-97, concerning cattle for the Saltzburgers, poor crops, no exchange of land at Ebenezer, and parsonage and schoolhouse at Ebenezer. By the Content, Capt. George Thurnam.
Your Letters to Mr. [James] Vernon of the 28th. of June and myself of the 28th. of July last were read to the Trustees. And this acquaints You that by a Letter dated the 17th. of June last, and sent by the Way of Charles Town to Mr. [Thomas] Causton by the Seaford Man of War, the third Transport of Saltzburghers were ordered the Supply of a Cow and a Calf to every five heads.
The Trustees are sorry to hear there is Danger of the People’s losing their Crops this Year, and if there should happen so general a Calamity, You may be assured the Saltzburghers will not be excepted from partaking of such general Assistance as will be necessary on such an unhappy Occasion.
When the People’s Farms are run out at New Ebenezer, You will then See how each Family will Possess a Proportion as near as may be of some good Land in their respective Lots whereby they may raise their Subsistance from. But as to have Leave to exchange the bad Garden Lots with better Grounds, the Trustees cannot alter their Plots but must leave it to the Possessor’s Judgement to first cultivate that part of his Lot wch. is good Land. And if part of a Fifty Acres Lot be good, whether laid out for the Garden or the Farm, such good Land must be taken as it falls in the Setting out. This Removal to New Ebenezer was at the Request of the Saltzburghers granted, and an Indulgence given to none else in the Colony; For were the Trustees enter into or give Way in the least to Suffer the exchanging of Lands, there would be no End of applications.
The Orders the Trustees gave for building your House & School House at New Ebenezer were with a Benefaction of £16 for that purpose, and the Orders for a Cock and Hen to each man and a Sow a Turkey Hen and a Goose to every five heads of the third Transport were to be Supplied besides with a further Benefaction. Which the Trustees have again repeated to Mr. Causton, tho’ it could never be apprehended that £16 was to do the whole, but on the contrary the Trustees have been so kind on your Representation of the Deficiency of the £16 for building your House and School House, to send orders to Mr. Causton by this Ship to increase the £16 to £ 30 to be expended in building the Houses for the Ministers and School House at New Ebenezer as You shall approve of. And they have further Consented at your Request and Genl. Oglethorpe’s acquainting them of the Rules prescribed to the People at Old Ebenezer before their Removal, and have sent Orders to Mr. Causton accordingly;
That the Crop got at Old Ebenezer at the Saltzburgher’s Removal from thence should not be Accoted. as part of their reduced Allowance to September last.
[P.S.] Mr. Vernon sends his Service to your self and Mr. [Israel] Gronau, and will be always ready to do you any Service in his Power.
Harman Verelst to the Rev. John Wesley, Dec. 14, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 97, notifying him of the complaint of William Williamson against him. By the Content, Capt. George Thurnam.
Agreable to the Trustees Resolution communicated to You by Mr. [Benjamin] Martyn’s Letter of the 15th. of June last, that they would never form any Judgment of You on any Complaint whatsoever without first acquainting You with Accusation and the Name of your Accuser. I have by the Trustees Order inclosed You a Copy of a Letter they lately received from Mr. Wm. Williamson at Savannah and an Affidavit made by his Wife which relates to You to make Answer to. And the Trustees hope that You will be able to justify your self, having in the mean time Suspended their Judgment until they receive your Answer that they may consider of the Complaint and Answer at the same time.
Harman Verelst to William Bradley at Savannah, Dec. 14, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 98, informing him he is subject to the Trustees through Thomas Causton. By the Content, Capt. George Thurnam.
The Trustees are very much Surprized to hear that You take upon You an Authority which You are in no manner instructed with. vizt. The Care of all their Lands; and that You pretend to engross the Cattle, as if You had a Title to Serve your self first to the Detriment of others who have the Trustees Orders for Cattle.
The Trustees on this Occasion acquaint You that the Charge of the Cattle under your Care is under the orders of Mr. [Thomas] Causton relating to the Dispostion of them; And that he is to Communicate the Trustees orders to You, which You are to Obey.
It is yours and every one’s Duty in the Colony to Act in their proper Stations, and mind their own Business to raise a Maintenance for themselves and Familys; And by a peaceful and orderly Behaviour to be quiet with each other and enjoy the Fruits of their Labour with Comfort; Which will best conduce to their own Happiness and the favour of the Trustees.
And Sir with respect to your own immediate Dependance on the Trustees, they have ordered me to send You a Copy of your Agreement. They have personally to You very kindly given favourable Orders relating to You, and they hope for a suitable Return by being easy under Government and Setting a good Example to others, and applying to the Trustees in Writing your self when anything material shall require it.
Harman Verelst To John Pye at Savannah, Dec. 14, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 98, agreeing with his need of thin clothing. By the Content, Capt. George Thurnam.
I rec’d your Letter of 29th. June last, and am glad You like your Situation. I am sure Mr. [“Thomas] Causton will Supply You as reasonably with either Dowlass103 or thin Cloathing in Accot. for your Salary as it can be had, and You will want no reasonable Encouragement on your Deserving but Contentment and being Satisfied with what has been done is one great Recommendation to Encouragement
Harman Verelst to John Stonehewer at Skidoway, Dec. 14, 1737, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 99, agreeing to the sale of his lot and return to England. By the Content, Capt. George Thurnam.
Your Friends having applied to the Trustees on your behalf for Leave for your Alienating your Fifty Acres Lot and for your Return home by Reason of your Wife being unwilling to come to You and of your Friends’ Desire to provide for You. This acquaints You that the Trustees have agreed thereto, Provided that You produce a Proprietor for your Lot who has not already Lands in the Province of Georgia in Possession or Remainder, and whom Mr. [William] Stephens the Secretary for the Affairs within their Province shall approve of.
The Trustees have Considered of your Request for a Grant of Land for one of your younger Sons, and they think it will be most for his and your Advantage to have a Grant in such younger Son’s Name of Five hundred Acres of Land under your Care to Improve for him, which they have agreed to. Please therefore to Send me such younger Son’s Christian Name that the Grant may be made out accordingly. Your own Lot will descend to your Eldest Son, the Five hundred Acres therefore cannot be granted to him.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, Jan. 6, 1737/8, Gravesend, C.O. 5/667, p. 100, concerning supplies for Georgia, George Whitefield, and assistants’ allowances.
The following Parcels were Shipped for the Trust Accot. to be delivered as under mentioned. Vizt. On board the Amey two Boxes for the Saltzburghers at Ebenezer Mark’d H.P.B & H.M.T; and on board the Lightfoot 2 Casks for Wm. Rigden at Savannah which will be delivered to You. The Mates Receipt for the first Col. Cochran has, being Shipped with Copper Half Pence for the Regiment, and for the 2 Casks the Quarter Master has the Mate’s Receipt.
The Revd. Mr. [George] Whitefield on board the Whitaker with Mr. Tolly104 and Mr. [James] Habersham his Assistants are going to Frederica his said Assistants are for instructing the Children, And when Mr. [Charles] De La Motte shall Go to England to see his Friends, one of the said Gentlemen will Supply his Absence.
Mr. Tolly and Mr. Habersham are to be Supplyed for one Year with the following Provisions. Vizt. 312 pds. of Meat, 104 pds. of Rice, 104 pds. of Pease, 104 pds. of Flour, 39 Gallons of Strong Beer, 52 Quarts of Molasses, 16 pds. of Cheese, 8 pds. of Butter, 8 Ounces of Spice, 8 pds. of Sugar, 4 Gallons of Vinegar, 24 pds. of Salt, 12 Quarts of Lamp Oyl, 12 pds. of Soap and a pd. of Spun Cotton.
Joseph Husbands Mr. Whitefield’s Servant, and John Doble a Servant to Mr. Charles Wesley are each of them to be Supplyed for one Year with 200 pds. of Meat and 342 pds. of Rice Pease or Indian Corn with Contingent Food to the Value of 8s Sterling.
As to what Provisions Mr. Whitefield may want You are desired to Supply him with them at Prime Cost and place it to his Accot.
And to Communicate the foregoing to the Storekeeper at Frederica.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, Jan. 6, 1737/8, Nore, C.O. 5/667, p. 101, concerning George Whitefield’s coming to Georgia and provisions on board ship.
I have agreed with Captn. Whiting that the Revd. Mr. [George] Whitefield and Mr. [James] Habersham shall eat at his Table, bearing the Proportion of the Stock (over and above the 8d a day which the Trustees are to Pay for them and Mr. Tolly, [Joseph] Husbands, and [John] Doble, the 2 Servants) and whatsoever the proportion of the Stock comes to Mr. Whitefield and Mr. Habersham’s Share, please to pay to him and place it to the Accot. of the Mission. As to the 8d p day Mr. Whitefield will Certify the Days of the 5 on board to Intitle the Captain to Payment in England.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, Jan. 11, 1737/8, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 101-02, concerning sola bills and payment of accounts. By the Whitaker, Capt. Whiting.
The Trustees having sent You Sola Bills for £2,650 by the following Ships vizt.
|In August 1737||By the Mary Ann Captn. Shubrick||£ 650|
|By the Charles Captn. Reid||1000|
|In September||By the Three Sisters Captn. Hewitt||100|
|In October||By the Minerva Captn. Nichelson||400|
|In November||By the King George Captn. Ayers||300|
|In December||By the Content Captn. Thurnam||200|
£ 1650.– whereof the Trustees have been informed are arrived, and they hope the remaining £1000– will also Arrive; Which were sent you for the Supply of the Colony to Lady Day next.
And the Trustees having received the following Certified Accompts since the 14th. of December last, Which the said Sola Bills have answered the Payment of. vizt.
They have therefore sent back the said Certified Accompts to be paid by You in Georgia. For the Trustees having Appropriated Money to Answer their Sola Bills, cannot Apply it in any other manner.
The Trustees therefore give You Notice thereof, That You may Reserve Sola Bills for that purpose; And they further acquaint You, That no more Bills of Parcels or Certified Accots. for Provisions or Necessarys bought in the Colony, or for Money due or to grow due there, will be paid in England. For that all Expences and Charges of the Colony in America must be defrayed with the Trustees Sola Bills to be Issued there, and must be limited to the Amount of such Bills from time to time as they shall be sent.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, Feb. 17, 1737/8, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 103, concerning payment of bills, remains of stores, and credit at the Stores. Enclosed to Samuel Eveleigh by the Brooke, Capt. Keete.
The following is a Copy of my last [letter of Jan. 11 above].
Since which Letter Two more certified Accots. have been presented to the Trustees for Payment transmitted to Messrs. Pytt & Tuckwell from Mr. [John] Brownfield, the one for £111:0:3 and the the other for £90:9:0 and both of them are unpaid, as well as the £1,961:17:7. I believe the merchants possessed of those certified Accots. will chuse to keep them here until the Trustees hear from You, what Sum in Sola Bills You have reserved and will keep by You unissued until the Trustees further Pleasure shall be known thereon. Which Sum the Trustees fear will not be great, by reason of several of the above mentioned Sola Bills being already come home for Payment.
You see the Confusion created by your making Expences before You had Sola Bills to defray them, and thereby are now unprovided for; And You must regulate Your self to the Contents of the Trustees Letter by Mr. [William] Stephens. And the Trustees direct You not to Certify any Accot. for the future to any Person whatsoever, nor Contract any Expences but those You are ordered to make, & have Sola Bills to defray; Which You will be Supplied with to the Amount of all Expences You are ordered to make. And for that purpose You will receive the established Expences that are to be made for the Year 1738, as soon as the Trustees know to what Amount they will be enabled to make those Expences Go; And one half of that Amount will be sent You in Sola Bills for that Purpose at one time, & the other half at another time; And no other Payments whatsoever will be made by the Trustees here, but those of their Sola Bills.
The Trustees direct You to Send them a Remain of Stores at Lady Day next both at Savannah and Frederica, and also an Accot. of what Credits have been given by the Stores to any and which of the Inhabitants that have not been repaid at Lady Day next. And if any Debts due from the Store at that time more than the certified accots. rec’d as before mentioned, You must let the Trustees know.
Benjamin Martyn to the Rev. Friedrich Michael Ziegenhagen, April 26, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 104, concerning effects of Saltzburgers left in Salzburg.
Mr. [James] Vernon has this day laid before the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia Your Letter, with the Extract of Mr. [Samuel] Urlsperger’s to You, relating to the Effects which the Saltzburghers left behind them in Saltzburg. And the Trustees have ordered me to acquaint You, that upon a former Application from Mr. Urlsperger to them upon this Account, they sent a Letter to the Revd. Mr. [John Martin] Bolzius acquainting him, that Mr. Von Ploto had secured Effects belonging to the Saltzburghers to a considerable Value, and desiring him to inquire if any of the Saltzburghers at Ebenezer have left any Effects behind them, and to send over a Specification of their Demands, and a proper Authority from them to the Trustees, or whoever else they may appoint to receive their said Effects. The Trustees have as yet received no Answer to their Letter, nor any Specification of the Saltzburghers Demands. They expect it very soon, and when they receive it; they will acquaint You therewith, and do everything in their power to obtain Satisfaction for the Saltzburghers under their care in their several Demands.
Georgia Trustees John Laroche, F. Eyles, James Oglethorpe, Robert Hucks, R. Eyre, William Sloper, George Heathcote, T. Archer, Egmont, Jacob Bouverie, Christopher Tower, Thomas Tower, Shaftesbury, Tyrconnel, William Heathcote, H. Archer, and Robert Tracy to Sir Robert Walpole, May 1, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 105, asking for a yearly grant for Georgia.
Whereas His Majesty has been graciously Pleased to provide for the Defence of the Provinces of Georgia and Carolina on the Military Establishment. And Whereas the Parliament have this Year granted the Sum of Eight thousand pounds for the Civil Establishment &c of the Colony. The Trustees beg Leave to acquaint You That until the Province is better Settled the yearly Sum of Eight thousand pounds will be necessary towards the defraying the Expences of the Civil Government. Affording a Provision and Maintenance to such Persons as shall from time to time come to settle in the Colony, for preserving the friendship of the Neighbouring Indians (of great Service in time of Peace, and much more in case a War should break out in that County), for carrying on such Improvements as the Province is capable of producing, such as Silk, Wine, and Oyl (the Expence whereof private Persons are not able to bear without some Assistance).
They also beg Leave to acquaint You That as these expences for the Civil Government &c. will be necessary to be defrayed by the Publick, until the Province is Settled and in a Capacity to Support them themselves; And which in their present Circumstances they are utterly incapable of doing. They therefore Earnestly desire, That these Expences may in future Sessions be put into some Estimate, to be laid by the Crown before the House of Commons; since it will be impossible for the Trustees every Year to take upon them the Labour of Proceding as Petitioners nor can it be thought reasonable that they should hazard the making Contracts for Men, Provisions &c, which is necessary to be done the Year before, upon the Uncertainty of their Petitions being received, or the Sum they expected being granted them.
Georgia Trustees Robert Hucks, R. Eyre, George Heathcote, Robert Tracy, T. Eyles, John Laroche, Jacob Bouverie, James Oglethorpe, Christopher Tower, Thomas Tower, Shaftesbury, Egmont, Tyrconnel, T. Archer, William Heathcote, and H. Archer to Sir Robert Walpole, May 1, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 106, setting forth the good services of Capt. James Gascoigne, royal navy, to Georgia.
We think our Selves obliged to acquaint You with the Services That Captain James Gascoigne Commander of His Majesty’s Sloop the Hawk, hath performed in the Colony of Georgia,
He hath been indefatigable in viewing all the Southern Inlets of that Province, and hath continually either Cruized upon the Coast, or staid with, assisted, and Protected the Southern Settlements; And chearfully undergone the Difficultys and Hardships which attended such several Services.
We therefore desire the favour of You to recommend Captn. James Gascoigne to His Majesty; That He may be advanced to the Command of one of His Majesty’s Ships of War.
Benjamin Martyn to William Stephens, May 19, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 107, concerning Stephens’ journal and grants in tailmale.
The Trustees have received your Letter dated Janry 19th. last with your Journal. They have Ordered me to acquaint You that they are very much pleased with your being so particular in your Accots. and they hope You will go on to Communicate by all opportunities every Circumstance that appears worth your notice.
In your Letter You take Notice of a Dissatisfaction among several Persons upon the Tenure of their Lots, being confined to the Heirs Male. And You make an Observation on the great Advantages of their going to the Heirs General. The granting of Lots to the Heirs General, the Trustees are perswaded will appear to You on a second Reflection to be impracticable, as the Colony will consist of People of so many different Countries. And to Convince You that the Trustees have always had, and still have a Disposition to make the People perfectly easy in this particular, and to grant the Lots whenever there is a failure of Male Issue to the Daughters of any Proprietor, They have ordered me to inclose to You a Clause in the Printed Terms (which are always offered to such Persons who go at their own Expence) relating to Females, which is as follows.
“When the Land reverts to the Trust on the Determination of the Estate in Tail Male; It is to be granted again to such Persons as the Common Council of the Trustees shall think most for the Advantage of the Colony. And the Trust will have a special Regard to the Daughters of those who have made Improvements on their Lots, not already provided for, by having married or marrying Persons in Possession or intitled to Lands in the Province of Georgia in Possession or Remainder.
“And the Wives of such Persons in Case they should Survive their Husbands, are during their Lives intitled to the Mansion-house and one half of the Lands improved by their Husbands, that is to say, Inclosed with a fence of Six feet high.”
The Trustees have likewise ordered me to acquaint You That they think proper to adhere to the Covenants which have been made in their several Grants, and that they are determined to take the forfeit of Grants of those who neglect to Cultivate their Lands.
Benjamin Martyn to Hugh Anderson, May 19, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 108, concerning Trustees Garden and granting a lot for Anderson’s son.
The Earl of Egmont laid before the Trustees your Letter to his Lordship dated August 10th. 1737. They are very well pleased with the Care You have already taken, and with the Observations You have made in your Memorial concerning the State of the Publick Garden. They are concerned that the Garden has been so strangely neglected by those who had the Management of it, and that it has been so much prejudiced by the People’s cutting down the Trees wch. were a proper Shelter of it from the Winds. They have no Doubt however but by your Care and Industry it may soon be brought to answer their Expectations, and they will give Orders that You shall have such Assistance as will be necessary for it.
The Trustees have always designed it as a Nursery for such Productions as it is the Interest of the Province to Cultivate, such as Mulberries, Vines, Olives &c., which were to be delivered out to the People as they could get their Grounds ready to receive them. They have still the same View, and therefore desire that You will let them know by the first Opportunity how many days a Ditch Surrounding the Garden of four feet deep and proportionably wide, together with a Hedge on the Inside of the Pales will take up; Also how many days in probability the making a Pump or Well in the Garden will take up, and how many days to make proper Division by Hedges in the Garden by two Men.
The Trustees hear that it is best to raise the Mulberries from the Seed, they recommend it to You therefore to raise as many as You can from the Seed at the properest Season, as also Pleanty of Vines and Olive Plants.
In the mean time when the Grapes are ripening, the Trustees think it necessary that no Person be admitted to enter the Garden except the Magistrates or other Persons who have a right to inspect it; And they hope that due Care will be taken for the Preservation of all the Trees and Plants in it. And they recommend it to You, that the Growth from the Stocks of the Trees next adjacent to the Garden on the North and North West Side be preserved in order for a Shelter.
You was acquainted in December last that Lord Egmont had communicated to the Trustees your Desire of a Lot for one of your younger Sons; and that the Trustees thought it most for yours and your Son’s advantage that a Grant should be made to your Son of Five hundred Acres of land, which You may take Care shall be improved for him.
Benjamin Martyn to the Rev. George Whitefield, May 19, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 109, appointing him Church of England deacon in Georgia.
In your Letter to Mr. Verelst from Gibraltar dated February 20th. You take Notice of Mr. [John] Wesley’s Return to England, and desire to know whether the Trustees would have You alter the Measures which they proposed. They have ordered me Sir to acquaint You, that they are pleased with the Zeal which appears in You; and they do by this permit You to perform all Religious Offices as Deacon of the Church of England at Savannah as well as Frederica, until another Minister is provided for the Town of Savannah.
The Trustees have no Doubt but by your Prudence every Spirit of Dissention will be laid amongst the People as far as You can Contribute to it; and that Sobriety and Industry, and a due Reverence to the Magistracy will be constantly recommended by You to them, as the most Effectual means to make them quiet and happy, and to Qualify them for a just Observance of the Worship of God.
The Trustees have ordered another Box of Stationary Ware to be sent to You as You desire by the first Opportunity.
Benjamin Martyn to Thomas Hawkins, May 19, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 109-110, concerning Hawkins’ reports to the Trustees.
I laid before the Trustees your Letter of November 28 last. They are very well pleased with the Account You give of the great Harmony amongst the People of your Part of the Province. As this in some measure must depend on the Conduct of the Magistrates, they have no Doubt of its Continuance from Your’s and the other Gentlemen’s Behaviour.
The Trustees desire You will omit no opportunity of writing to them, and that You will acquaint them with whatever occurs worth your Notice; You cannot be too particular in writing to them, since they can only govern themselves in their Care of the Colony by the Accots. which they receive from thence. The Improvements in Building and Cultivating of the Lands, the Births and Deaths of the People, are what they want to be constantly informed of, as likewise of their Behaviour in general. And as they think that Sobriety and Industry are the properest means to make the People quiet and happy, they are determined to shew the greatest Marks of their favour to those who shall be found to be the most Sober & Industrious.
The Trustees have ordered the Drugs, of which You sent an Invoice, to be sent over to You.
Harman Verelst to Abraham De Lyon at Savannah, May 19, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 110, concerning De Lyon’s and Samuel, David, and Moses Nunes’ proposal to propagate grape vines in Georgia.
Your Petition and Proposal for propagating Vines in Georgia having been read, and approved of; Your Self Dr. Samuel Nunes, Mr. Daniel Nunes, and Mr. Moses Nunes are to be bound jointly and severally and to Sign a Bond in the Presence of two Witnesses to the Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America and their Successors in the penalty of Four hundred pounds Sterling in Six Years from the Date without Interest. Which Bond You are to deliver to General Oglethorpe now going to Georgia, and he will Pay You the Two hundred pounds You desired to be advanced.
The Trustees do this in Confidence that You will perform every Part of your Proposition as well as the Repayment of the said £200. And they wish You Success therein.
The Trustees received your Letter dated the 1st. of Decr. 1737, and I laid before them your Letter to me of the same Date with the Papers and Accompt inclosed therein.
As to the Trustees Agreement with You, they were out of the Produce of 100d Acres cleared cultivated and improved in one Year with 30 or more of their Servants under your Care to pay £100 Sterling, and they were to furnish You on your Arrival with Ten Servants for your own Use to be provided with Tools & Provisions for one Year, and also to maintain You and your Wife and Children for one Year after your Arrival according to the Custom of the Colony.
As to the forty shillings an Acre You mention, That was a forfeiture deductable from You out of the £100 payable from the Produce of the Land for every Acre of the 100d Acres uncultivated at the Expiration of one Year.
Which Agreement on the Trustees part has been so far performed as to maintain You and your family even beyond their Agreement, and to let You have the Ten Servants they engaged for to your own Use; Who have been provided for also beyond the said Agreement.
What You mention of their being employed in the Trustees Service and not in your own Mr. Thomas Jones who brings You this has the Trustees Instructions to enquire which of the Servants that went over in the Ship with You, or what other Servants, were the Ten allotted for your own Use on your Arrival; And when that is adjusted, he is to enquire how those very Servants so Allotted to You, have been employed in the Publick Service and by whose Orders and from what time.
As to the other Servants over and above the Ten allotted to You, their Labour is the Trustees own, and Mr. Thomas Jones is Instructed to enquire in what Labour they have been employed and how for the Benefit of the Trust.
The Trustees have not only directed this Inquiry to be made by Mr. Thomas Jones, but also Instructed him to examine into your Demands, as well as into the Demands on You; For which purpose he has Copies of your Accompts with the Store from February 1735 to November 1736 the further Accompts since that time he will be furnished with from Mr. [Thomas] Causton; And the Trustees have directed him to Report the whole to them, that they may do themselves and You equal Justice.
The Trustees having Ordered the following Uses for some of their Servants to be put to; You are directed to Comply therewith as under. Seven Servants to be employed in the clearing and cultivating 300d Acres of Land in the Northern part of the Province for the Religious Uses of the Colony, to be such of them and in such manner employed as Mr. William Stephens Mr. Thomas Causton and Mr. Henry Parker or any two of them shall think fit.
Two Men Servants under your Care such as Mr. Henry Parker shall chuse, are allowed to him by the Trustees in Consideration of his Services as 2d Bailiff of Savannah; And if the said two Men which he shall chuse are married, their Wives are to go with them.
And two Servants more under your Care in Case Mr. Thomas Christie continues in his Office of Recorder of Savannah, are allowed to him by the Trustees for his own Use.
Harman Verelst to Henry Parker at Savannah, [May 20, 1738], Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 112-13, rewarding Parker’s good work appointing Robert Gilbert to be third bailiff and Thomas Jones as storekeeper, and authorizing payment of expenses in Georgia.
The Trustees having been informed of your good Behaviour and that your time has been greatly employed in the honest Discharge of Your Duty of 2d Bailiff of Savannah, have Ordered me to buy for You Cloathing and Necessaries to the Value of £ 20 Sterling, which I will do and send You by the first Opportunity. They have also allowed You two Men Servants now under the Care of Mr. [William] Bradley, such as You shall Chuse to be for your own Use; And if they are married their Wives are to go with them, and they are to be maintained by the Trustees till further Order; Mr. Bradley has Directions sent him for that purpose.
The Trustees have appointed Robert Gilbert to be third Bailiff of Savannah in the room of John Dearne deceased whom they hope will behave well and assist to lessen the hard Duty You have lately had.
Mr. [Thomas] Causton’s Attendance on the Court and other Avocations fully taking up his time, the Trustees have appointed Mr. Thomas Jones who brings You this, to be Storekeeper in his Room; Who is one month after the Receipt of the Trustees Letter to Mr. Causton is delivered by him, he is to take Possession of the Remain of Stores, which are to be issued in the first place to maintain and provide for the Trustees Servants who are the only Persons now on the Trustees expence to maintain, and he is to Issue them pursuant to the Orders he shall receive from William Stephens Esqr. Mr. Causton and your Self, or any two of You.
The Trustees having Estimated the Expences they have Ordered to be made in the Colony for one Year from Midsummer 1738 to Midsummer 1739, the Accompt thereof is herewith sent You; And William Stephens Esqr. Mr. Causton and your Self or any two of You, the Trustees have directed to defray those Expences from time to time either with the Remain of Sola Bills still in Mr. Causton’s hands or with those which any two of You will be impowered to Issue; And as such Expences shall be defrayed, those two of You who defray them are to Sign the Accompt thereof and Send it from time to time to the Trustees, Specifying the Services for, and to whom such Expences were paid, agreable to the said Expences so Estimated; with a List of the Bills as Issued.
The several Parcels Shipped for the Trustees, and the Uses they are to be put to are described and particularized in the Invoice herewith sent You and consigned to General Oglethorpe; And Wm. Stephens Esqr., Mr. Causton and your Self, or any two of You are to direct the Storekeeper in the Application of them; except those Parcels which are for Presents to the Indians, which Genl. Oglethorpe will please to direct the Disposition of.
Harman Verelst to William Stephens, May 20, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 114-17, concerning Trust servants, payment in Georgia to be by sola bills, Thomas Jones appointed storekeeper, estimate of Georgia expenses, new officials appointed, religious services, rewards for Henry Parker and Thomas Christie, and land for new settlers.
The Trustees received your Letter dated 19 & 20 Janry. last, as also your Journal and the several Lists and Papers therewith sent. Your Conduct being quite agreeable to the Instructions they gave You, the Trustees very much approve of it.
The present Hurry on General Oglethorpe’s Departure has prevented the fully taking your Journal into Consideration, but they will the very first Opportunity. They in the strongest manner recommend to You to enquire and send them a particular Account how and on what Labour the Trustees Servants are employed, for the benefit of their Labour must appear not only to answer the great Charge of them, but also to produce a Surpluss Benefit for the use of the Colony; Which was the chief end of sending them.
The Trustees notwithstanding their Endeavours to regulate the Expence of the Colony and provide the proper means of defraying it, have been greatly prevented therein by the Number of Certified Accompts for Cargoes received in Georgia, which have been sent over to England for Payment; At the same time that their Sola Bills were sent to Georgia for defraying the Expences they ordered to be made. They have therefore given Publick Notice in the London Gazette, which I have inclosed to You; “That all Expences they order, shall be paid for in their Sola Bills; and that no Person has any Authority from them, or in their Name, or on their Account, to purchase or receive any Cargoes of Provisions, Stores or Necessaries; or to contract any Debt, or create any Expence whatsoever in America.” And You receive also two Notices Signed by the Secretary, whereof Mr. Thomas Jones who brings You this has two others, one of which is to be affixed on the Door of the Storehouse at Savannah and the other on the Door of the Storehouse at Frederica and to remain thereon; Wherefore as he has two and You two, they will Supply the want of one in Case either should be taken down, both the Storehouses Doors being to have the Notice remain on them.
Mr. Thomas Jones is appointed Storekeeper in the room of Mr. [Thomas] Causton, whose Attendance on the Court and other Avocations will fully take up his time; And Mr. Jones is to take Possession of the Remains of Stores in the Custody of Mr. Thomas Causton in one month after he has delivered Mr. Causton the Trustees Letter he brings over to him, and is to Issue them pursuant to the Orders he shall receive from your Self. Mr. Causton and Mr. Henry Parker, or any two of You; Which Issues the Trustees direct in the first place to be made for the Maintenance and providing for the Trustees Servants who are the only Persons now on the Trustees Expence to maintain.
All the Established Allowances sent over by You and directed to continue to Lady Day 1738, and every Article of Expence contained in the Trustees Letter to Mr. Causton sent by You Do upon the Receipt of the Letter now sent by Mr. Jones to Mr. Causton entirely cease and determine; And the Trustees will allow and defray no other Expences but those which by the Copy thereof herewith sent You are Estimated for the Service of the Colony in America for one Year from Midsummer 1738 to Midsummer 1739. And You together with Mr. Causton and Mr. Henry Parker, or any two of You are directed to defray those Expences from time to time, either with the Remain of Sola Bill still in Mr. Causton’s hands, or with those which any two of You shall be empowered to Issue; And as such Expences shall be defrayed those two of You who defray them are to Sign the Accompt thereof and send it from time to time to the Trustees Specifying the Services for and to whom such Expences were paid, agreable to the said Expences so estimated; With a List of the Bills as Issued.
Mr. [William] Bradley’s Accompt and Demands and Conduct is referred to Mr. Thomas Jones to examine and Report upon.
Abraham De Lyon’s Petition being granted, General Oglethorpe will advance him the £200 Sterling on the Trustees Accompt.
Robert Gilbert is appointed Third Bailiff of Savannah in the room of John Dearne deceased and herewith You receive his Constitution, which You are desired to deliver to him with proper Advice for his Behaviour in the Discharge of his Duty.
The Trustees have desired Mr. Causton to move the Town Court of Savannah to name a Trustee for the Orphans in the room of John Coates the Constable, and that the Trustees for the Orphans may be called upon to Send an Account of their Proceedings from time to time to the Trustees.
The Trustees have sent to Mr. [George] Whitefield & permitted him by reason of Mr. John Wesley’s Return to England to perform all Religious Offices as Deacon of the Church of England at Savannah as well as Frederica until another Minister is provided for the Town of Savannah; Which they are very anxious to have provided by the first Opportunity; And they have desired the Magistrates in the mean time not to Absent themselves on Sundays, but to assemble together and cause Prayers to be read to the People by some decent Person who can read. And bring equally desirous to have the 300d Acres of Land granted 31 March 1736 In Trust to Mr. Causton and others, to be cultivated in the Northern part of the Province for the Religious Uses of the Colony; They have Ordered that Seven of the Trustees Servants be employed immediately therein, and that your Self and Mr. Henry Parker are to Cooperate with Mr. Causton in the proper employing of the said Seven Servants for that purpose; Of which please to acquaint the said Mr. Parker.
The Trustees having considered of Mr. Henry Parker’s Services have Ordered him Two Men Servants such as he shall chuse, and now under the Care of Mr. Bradley; And if they are married their Wives are to go with them, and to be maintained by the Trustees until further Order; And they have also Ordered me to Send him the Value of £20 Sterling in Cloathing and Necessaries for him, which I will do by the first Opportunity. And in Case Mr. [Thomas] Christie continues his Office of Recorder, the Trustees have allowed him Two Servants, under Mr. Bradley’s Care, to be maintained by the Trustees until further Order, Which please to acquaint him of in Case he is still Recorder and will continue so to be.
The several Parcels Shipped for the Trust, and the Use they are to be put to are described and particularized in the Invoice herewith sent You; They are consigned to General Oglethorpe. And Your Self, Mr. Causton and Mr. Henry Parker, or any two of You, are to direct the Storekeeper in the Application of them; except those Parcels which are for Presents to the Indians, which General Oglethorpe will please to direct the Disposition of.
P.S. There is a Trust Grant sent You herewith, the Counterpart of which You are to get executed by the Bailiffs of Savannah, it contains 3000d Acres of Land in Trust that every Man of Twenty one Years of Age and upwards being a Protestant who should within Three Years from the Date arrive in Georgia, should have an Allotment of Fifty Acres of Land granted to him as is therein mentioned; And those Lots which are desired in the Northern part of the Province are to be set out by your Self and Mr. Causton, and those Lots which are desired in the Southern Part of the Province are to be sent out by William Horton Esqr. and Mr. Thomas Hawkins; Whereof please to give them Notice on your Receiving and Perusing the said Trust Grant.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, May 19, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 117-29, concerning servants sent to Georgia, credit to individuals, Georgia expenses to be paid in sola bills, estimate for Georgia expenses, copies of Causton’s accounts needed, Abraham DeLyon’s culture of grapevines, Trustee appointments in Georgia, Religious services, rewards for Henry Parker and Thomas Christie, church building and religious support, and land for new settlers. By Thomas Jones, on board the Union, Capt. Moverley.
The Trustees received your Letter dated 14th. Janry. last with the Accompt of Captain Thomson’s Arrival with Servts, for the Trust and others at his Owner’s Risque together with the particular Dispositions of those at the Owner’s Risque; Whereof only 10 Women, 1 Boy, and 1 Girl are in that Disposition charged as belonging to the Trust, and all the other at the Owner’s Risque being 44 in Number are chargeable on other Proprietors; Yet in another List of those Servants, You gave the Captain with a Receipt at the bottom, You acknowledge to have received them all for the Use and Accot. of the Trust and quote the Trustees Orders of the 20th. of May 1737 for that purpose. Which Orders were That if any of the Servants sent at the Owner’s Risque should not be paid for at the end of Thirty days from their Arrival, the Captain had Leave to deliver such Servants and their Indentures to You for the Trustees Use to be employed in the Publick Work. But such Servants were not to be disposed of to Private Persons upon Credit, but were to remain the Servants of the Publick for cultivating Lands for the Use of the Colony, and to Save the Expence of hiring Servants for Publick Work, which has been so great a Charge. As you have therefore without any Authority brought this Charge upon the Trust, the Trustees have determined that You must answer for the Charge of the said 44 Servants making 43 1/2 heads at 8£ p head demanded of the Trustees by virtue of your Receipt to Captain Thomson, they being all by your Disposition become the Property of private Persons on Credit; Which Charge amounts to £348 Sterling. Against which they will allow for the Man sick at Savannah, if he shall appear to remain the Trustees Servant; As also for 1 Woman Servt. to William Stephens Esqr., and 1 Woman Servant to Mr. John Browne of Highgate, on their Certifying their having received each of them such Woman Servant brought by Captain Thomson. As to all the others the 8£ p head must be made good to the Trustees, and not in the hire of Servants to work it out; for that would be an extraordinary Proceeding to Pay for indented Servants lent to private Persons and be repaid by the hire of them out again to the Trustees themselves who paid for them.
The Trustees further Observe that You have taken 9 1/2 heads of German Servants brought by the Ship Three Sisters on your own Accot. without any Permission from the Trustees, for whose Passage the Trustees have paid including the Charge of delivering them at Tybee £6:2:6 Sterling p head amounting to £ 58:3:9 which You are further chargeable with. And on Inspecting the Accots. Currant You lately sent them, They Observe that large Credits had given to several Persons, for which they cannot find any Orders sent by them to You for that purpose; And herewith You receive a List of the Balances Stated due from those Persons on their said Accompts Currant amounting in Sterling Money to the Sum of £890:7:8 1/2. They therefore call upon You to know the Reason why such Credits were given.
The Trustees are very sorry to find all their Endeavours hitherto so ineffectual for obtaining a regular and known Expence of the Colony and their providing a proper means of defraying it. Which have been so much hindered by that Surprizing Liberty You have taken of receiving every Ship’s Cargoe brought to Georgia, and the Certifying the Receipt of them to demand Payment in England, even when their Cargoes were not wanted; As in the Case of Robert Ellis so lately Certified as the 3d of February last. While at the same time the Trustees were calculating to provide for the Expences they ordered to be made, and sending their Sola Bills to defray them; Yet they not only find these Expences defrayed in another manner, but also their Sola Bills come to England for Payment, without any Cash Accots. of them; shewing when received and to whom and for what Issued.
This Conduct of yours is so dissatisfactory, That the Trustees find it high time to put an End to all Credit whatsoever, and have therefore preparatory in England given Publick Notice in several different Gazettes printed in April last, one of which is inclosed to You; “That all Expences they order, shall be paid for in their Sola Bills, and that no Person has any Authority from them, or in their Name or on their Account, to purchase or receive any Cargoes of Provisions, Stores or Necessaries, or to Contract any Debt, or create any Expence whatsoever in America.”
The Trustees have sent You the annexed Accompt of the Expence of the Colony paid for in England and accrued since Midsr. last, of the Sola Bills sent You, and also of the Provisions and Effects received by You since that time amounting in the whole to £11,152:2:1 Sterling, which Surprizing Amount has been owing to this unrestrained method of your Receiving of every thing brought You, and making the Trustees Debtor for the Conveniency and Encouragement of Ships to Overstock the Colony with their Cargoes.
These large Quantitys of Provisions and Goods must richly provide for all Expences of the Colony before the Receipt of this Letter, and produce a great Surpluss for the Maintenance of the Trustees Servants who are the only Persons now on the Trustees Expence to maintain; and for which they appropriate this great Remain of Provisions and Goods as their Surpluss Fund to do so.
All the Established Allowances sent over by Mr. [William] Stephens and directed to continue to Lady Day 1738, and every Article of Expence contained in the Trustees Letter by him Do upon the Receipt of this Letter entirely cease and determine, and the Trustees will allow and defray no other Expences but those which are now sent in the annexed Accompt of Expences in America Estimated for the Service of the Colony for one Year from Midsr. 1738 to Midsr. 1739, Copys of which accot. of Expences are also sent to William Stephens Esqr. and Mr. Henry Parker, who are directed with your Self, That any two of You are to defray these Expences from time to time either with the Remain of Sola Bills still in your hands, or with those which any two of You will be empowered to Issue; And as such Expences shall be defrayed, that the two of You who defray them are to sign the Accompt thereof and send it from time to time to the Trustees Specifying the Services for and to whom such Expences were paid agreable to the said Expences so estimated, with a List of the Bills as Issued.
Your Cash Books for August September and October 1736 are still wanting, as also the particular Answers to the Querys on Sums not explaining the Services they were paid for; and the most effectual way to come at the proper Answers, is by sending the Trustees Copies of all your Journals or Day Books and Leidgers from Lady Day 1734, from which time You are accomptable; and which they now direct You to do, and to employ some of their Clerks in making them out. For with those Copies and the Cash Books I have, the above Three months Cash Books when sent, and your Accompts Currant of all the Sola Bills Issued by You, wherewith You have never yet Charged your Self, will enable me to clear up those blind Entries of Payments which do not Specify the Services for which they were made; and for want of which you are returned Accomptable for a very large Sum of Money.
Your Cash Books from 1 November 1736 to the last of Decr. 1737, except for the first month, are more properly monthly Books for taking Receipts in for Money paid than Cash Books, there being no Entrys of Money received or of Sola Bills which is equal to Money.
The Trustees having paid £250 of Bills You have drawn on General Oglethorpe at several times, have so paid them in Discharge of your Allowances of £40 a year as Storekeeper and £10 a year as Magistrate, which pay those Allowances to February last; and they agree that You should have the Allowance of £40 a Year as Storekeeper continued until one month after the Receipt of this Letter, and no longer; There being very little Business for a Storekeeper now, excepting the proper Care & Issuing of what shall remain in the Store. And that they do not intend to Trouble You with, because they think that your Attendance upon the Court and other Avocations will fully take up your time.
The Trustees therefore direct You to make out an Accompt of the Remain of Stores and of what Demands, if any there are, upon the Store; And forthwith to Send such Accompts Certified by Mr. William Stephens, your Self and Mr. Henry Parker. And they further direct You to Send your Cash Accompts up to the Receipt of this Letter, to be followed with the Copys of your Books before mentioned with all convenient Speed; That they may examine your whole Accompts and judge of the Reasons that may Support your Conduct. For on their approving of your Accompts and thereby being enabled to Satisfy the Publick in a clear and regular manner of the particular Services that these great Expences have been consumed in, the Trustees will not be unmindful of the great Burthen that has lain upon You for these several Years passed; and therefore only want an Opportunity by your accompting for these Expences as You ought to do, to further consider your past Services as Storekeeper when that is done.
The Trustees have received a Letter from Mr. [William] Bradley and an Accompt from him, which You was very prudent in not intering into. They have referred them to Mr. Thomas Jones now going over with General Oglethorpe, to Examine into what just Demands if any he may have upon the Trust, and what Demands the Trustees have upon him in virture of his Contract; and to Report the same to them.
The said Mr. Jones being appointed Storekeeper for the Care and Issuing the Remain of Stores which shall be delivered to him his Salary of £ 30– a year is to Commence at the Expiration of one month after the Receipt of this Letter, and he is to have one of the Trustees Clerks to Assist him.
Abraham De Lyon’s Petition for an Encouragement to propagate Vines in Georgia having been read and approved of in Common Council, General Oglethorpe will pay him on the Trustees Accot. the £ 200 Sterling, for which Bond is to be given to the Trustees and their Successors in the Penalty of £400 Conditioned for Payment of the said£200 without Interest to the Trustees or their Successors in Six Years from the Date; And the Bond is to be taken from the said Abraham De Lyon, Dr. Samuel Nunes, Mr. Daniel Nunes and Mr. Moses Nunes jointly and severally.
Major William Cook’s two Daughters having been proposed to the Common Council for the joint Proprietors and Successors of the House Garden Lot and Farm Lot at Savannah lately belonging to Peter Gordon, and by him Surrendered to the Trustees; They have been approved of, and Leave given for his Eldest Daughter when of Age to Surrender her Interest therein to her Sister. The Rent of Mr. Gordon’s House therefore from Lady Day last belongs to the said Major’s Daughters.
John Dearne the 3d. Bailiff being dead, the Common Council have nominated Robert Gilbert to Succeed him; And Mr. Charles Wesley’s Health not permitting him to return to Georgia with Genl. Oglethorpe, the Common Council have appointed Mr. John Clarke who goes over with the General to be Secretary for the Indian Affairs.
John Coates the Constable and one of the Trustees for the Orphans having deserted the Colony, You are desired to move the Town Court to name another Trustee for the Orphans in his room; And to call upon the Trustees for the Orphans to Send an Account of their Proceedings to the Trustees from time to time.
The Trustees are much concerned That Savannah is at present destitue of a Minister; and they hope the Magistrates will by good Examples and a due Care of the Morals of the People do what in them lyes to Supply that present want; Which the Trustees are very anxious to have removed by the first Opportunity. And that in the mean time the Magistrates are desired not to absent themselves on Sundays but to assemble together and cause Prayers to be read to the People by some decent Person who can read.
The Trustees further direct that all unlicensed Publick Houses be immediately Suppressed.
The Trustees having taken into Consideration the Services of Mr. Henry Parker the second Bailiff have ordered That he be allowed two Men Servants belonging to the Trust under the care of Mr. [William] Bradley such as Mr. Parker shall chuse to be for his own Use, and maintained by the Trust until further Order; And if the said TWo Men are married, their Wives are to go with them and be maintained by the Trust as above.
And in Case Mr. Thomas Christie continues his Office of Recorder, he shall be allowed Two Servants belonging to the Trust now under Mr. Bradley’s Care, which are to be for Mr. Christie’s own Use maintained by the Trust until further Order.
Captain Tomas an Ingineer going over with General Oglethorpe has been desired to make an Estimate when at Savannah for building a Church there, which he is to send over with a Plan for the same by the first Opportunity; And You are to let Captain Tomas know what Number of the Trustees Servants can be spared for that Work.
There is on board the Transport Ships 85 Tons of Flint Stones and 5 Tons of Dantzick Stones, 77 Barrs of Sweeds Iron containing 32 Cwt.:2:16 at 15s/6d p Cwt., 100 Barrs of Russia Iron containing 54 Cwt.:3:10 at 14s/6 p Cwt., and 6 Faggots of Steel contg. 4 Cwt.: 1:4 at 30s p Cwt. All for the Use of building the Church at Savannah, besides the Deal Boards used in building Cabins on board the Three first Transport Ships which Sailed in January last, and part of those used in building Cabins on board the Transport Ships now departing for Georgia.
The several other Parcels shipped for the Trust and the Use to be made of them are described and included in the annexed Invoice and consigned to General Oglethorpe, Copys of which Invoice are sent to William Stephens Esqr. and Mr. Henry Parker who with your Self or any two of You are to direct the Storekeeper in the Application of them, except those Parcels which are for Presents to the Indians which General Oglethorpe will please to direct the Disposition of.
The Trustees who are very desirous to have the 300d Acres of Land granted to your Self, Henry Parker, Thomas Christie and John West 31 March 1736 In Trust to be Cultivated for the Religious Uses of the Colony, have therefore directed that Seven of the Trustees Servants be immediately employed in the clearing and cultivating thereof in order in the first place to provide thereout for the Maintenance of a Minister at Savannah; And William Stephens Esqr. and Mr. Henry Parker are acquainted therewith to cooperate with You in the Proper employing the said Seven Servants for that purpose. And there is another Trust Grant now goes over for 300d Acres more to be set out in the Southern part of the Province to be cultivated for the Religious Uses of the Colony, and in the first place to provide thereout for the Maintenance of a Minister at Frederica.
There is a Trust Grant comes over with this Letter for 3,000d. Acres to the Bailiff of the Town of Savannah to be set out by Wm. Stephens Esqr., your Self, William Horton Esqr. and Thomas Hawkins or any two of You, In order that every Man of Twenty one Years of Age and upwards being a Protestant who shall within Three Years from the Date arrive in Georgia with a Design to Settle and inhabit there should have an Allotment of Fifty Acres of Land Granted to him as therein is mentioned; Those Lots which are desired in the Northern part of the Province being to be set out by William Stephens Esqr. and your Self, and those Lots which are desired in the Southern part of the Province being to be set out by William Horton Esqr. and Thomas Hawkins.
As this Letter contains Matters of the highest Importance to the Welfare of the Colony, and to the Satisfying of the Trustees who take so much pains to Establish it. They have affixed their Seal hereto and the annexing of all the Papers herewith sent You, and they expect a due Obedience be paid to these their unanimous Resolutions, and Mr. Thomas Jones who delivers You this Letter has the Trustees Orders to take your Receipt for the same.
P.S. The Trustees have since the writing this Letter rec’d Advice of Two more Accots. Certified by You 23d Janry 1737 for Provisions and Necessarys from 7 Novr. preceeding rec’d of Messrs. Minis and Salomons amoting. together to the Sum of £532:14:6 which being added to the £11,152:2:1 the Amount of your Receipts since Midsummer 1737, will increase the same to the Sum of £ 11684:16:7.
A List of the Balances Stated due from the several Persons hereafter named on their Accompts Current, sent by Mr. Thomas Causton to the Trustees.
An Accompt of the Expence of the Colony of Georgia paid for in England and accrued since Midsummer 1737, of the Sola Bills sent to Mr. [Thomas] Causton, and also of the Provisions and Effects received by him since that time.
An Accompt of the Expences in America Estimated by the Trustees for the Service of the Colony of Georgia for one year from Midsummer 1738 to Midsummer 1739.
An Invoice of the several Parcels from the Trustees consigned to General Oglethorpe, and Shipped on board the Transports now on their Departure for Georgia, with the Use that each parcel is to be applied to, C.O. 5/667, pp. 129-131.
For Building the Church at Savannah
Working Tools for the Trustees Servants
For the Trustees Store, for the Use of the Colony.
A Box containing 40 lb. of Turnip Seed at 6d a pound.
In a Box G x C 12 lb. of Dr. Cockburn’s Electuary for the Flux.
In a brown Paper, two Brass Cocks for Salting Animals whole.
For Presents for the Indians
295 Guns in List Cases contained in 12 Chests mark’d G x C from No. 1 to 12.
The Common Council of the Trustees have ordered a Fifty Acre Lot at or near Savannah in the Northern part of the Province to be granted to Mr. Andrew Logie. And this advises You thereof.
Harman Verelst to the Bailiffs of Frederica, William Horton, and Thomas Hawkins, May 3, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 131, concerning land for Holliday Lawes.
The Common Council of the Trustees have Ordered a Fifty Acre Lot at Frederica to be granted to Mr. Holliday Lawes. And this advises You thereof.
Benjamin Martyn to William Stephens, June 14, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 132, concerning grand juries lack of right to adminster oaths, and the Lowland Scots. By [James] Abercrombie.
In Your Letter of Febry. the 27th. 1737/8 and in Your last Journal, You make mention of a Right claim’d by the Grand Jury at Savannah to administer Oaths, and make an Inquiry thereon into all such Matters as they think fit to examine into.
The Trustees are sensible that great Mischief may be done by ill designing Men, who may get into the same Pannel, if this Claim of the Grand Jury were allow’d of; And they have therefore ordered me to acquaint You, and by You the People, that the Grand Juries have no right to administer any Oaths, and that their Claim is entirely without any foundation either of Custom or Law.
P.S. The Trustees desire You to acquaint Mr. [Thomas] Causton that the Journal mention’d in his Letter dated March the 1st. has never been receiv’d.
P.S. The Trustees desire to know how the Stirlings and that Knot of People105 are supported, since they live in such an idle Manner in the Town and take no Measures to support themselves by cultivating their Lands.
Harman Verelst to James Oglethrope at Gosport,106 May 31, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 133-134, concerning meetings of the Trustees, certified accounts, Indian trade and South Carolina, and Oglethorpe’s boats in Georgia.
I got to London yesterday about 2, and at 5 attended the Earl of Egmont, Mr. Thomas Tower and Mr. [Henry] L’Apostre in a Committee of Correspondence, where several Letters from Georgia were under Consideration, among which were more Certified Accompts arrived since You left London; The last Date is the 20th. of March, wherein Mr. [Thomas] Causton states his Reason for taking these Cargoes to be for the Encouragement of the Persons who bring them.
The further Certified Accompts received yesterday and today amount to £707:16:7 Sterling, and thereby the Amount come to the Hands of Mr. Causton since Midsummer last is increased to £ 12,392:13:2, and the Certified Accompts unpaid amount to £ 4,542:3:11. The Trustees therefore are quite at a Stand until an End is put to all Credit in Georgia, and their Expences defrayed in their Sola Bills, and until they know on your Arrival how their Affairs stand in Georgia.
Mr. [James] Vernon brought with him to the Common Council today the Order of Council relating to the Carolina Ordinance of which I have inclosed You a Copy; As to the Carolina Petition there will be no Directions upon that only an Instruction to both Provinces amicably to concert Measures in the Executing the Law for regulating the Trade with the Indians, which may be for the mutual Advantage & Safety of both Provinces, but that is not yet Settled. The Trustees have an Original Order to forward to Carolina relating to the Ordinance, which they will do by Captain Piercy who Sails next Week; and they think it right that his Copy of the Determination of the Council should be publickly read in the Court at Savannah.
I have bought for You Five Quarts of Spirit of Salt which I have sent by the Gosport Waggon in a Box, as also some farthings in a Bag put into a Box and a Letter from Justice Blackerby both directed to You at Gosport. Please therefore to Send for them if You are on Shore, but if not I have desired Mrs. Philpot to Send them You on board. The Waggon will be at Gosport on Saturday.
The Trustees are obliged to You for letting them have your Two Boats for Sea Boats, which they thankfully pay for, the Expence of them being now known and no other Charge but that of working them for Pilotage of Shipping in the Northern and Southern parts of Georgia.
I waited on Col. [William] Cecil who hopes to hear from You.
A Letter to General Oglethorpe dated 2 June 1738 is Entered in the Trustees Minutes of 7 June.107
Harman Verelst to James Oglethorpe at Gosport on board the Blandford Man of War, June 3, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 134, concerning Privy Council report on South Carolina petition on Indian trade and Oglethrope’s boats in Georgia. To the care of the postmaster at Portsmouth.
I must beg the Trustees and your Pardon for not inclosing a Copy of the Report of the Committee of Council on the Petition of the Lieutenant Governor and Council of South Carolina; But the Hurry to dispatch the weighty matters of last night must be my Excuse. I have therefore now inclosed You a Copy of the said Report, upon which You will receive Instructions as soon as ever the King’s Pleasure is Signified in Form.
I also forgot to acquaint You that the Trustees desire that the two Boats which You bought and have consented to let them have for Sea Boats may be immediately sent to their respective Stations, to be employed for the Services for which they were bought.
Harman Verelst to Andrew Stone, Secretary to the Duke of Newcastle, June 7, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 135, transmitting James Howell’s affidavit concerning Spanish attack against Georgia.108
The Copy of an Affidavit of James Howell coming to the hands of the Trustees which they look upon to be of great Importance to the Welfare of His Majesty’s Colonies in America, they thought it their Duty to desire You would lay the inclosed Copy of it before His Grace the Duke of Newcastle, though he may have had it from other Hands.
Harman Verelst to William Stephens, June 12, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 135-138, concerning complaints of settlers at Highgate, Georgia’s postal service, accounts of Frederica, Trustees servants, attempt to seduce Jacques Camuse from service in Georgia, boats at Tybee and Frederica, rent to Mary Cooper, and David Provoost to get Joseph Hughes’ lot. By James Abercromby on board the Samuel, Capt. Percy.
Herewith You receive a Duplicate of the Trustees last Letter dated 20 May 1738, which they sent by Mr. [Thomas] Jones. The Trustees now acknowledge the Receipt of your Letter dated the 27th. of February last and your Journal from 18th. January preceeding with which they are very well Satisfied.
The Trustees having received a Representation from the Inhabitants of the Village of Highgate concerning the Land on which they are Settled (a Copy of which is herewith transmitted to You). They therefore order that You, with Mr. Henry Parker do upon Receipt hereof view the several Lots set out for the said Inhabitants in Order from your Observation on the different Soils to each Person’s Share, that You both report to the Trustees how far their Complaints are grounded; And if it shall appear to You That any one of the said Inhabitants has not in his Allotment a sufficient Quantity of good Land whereby to raise a Subsistance for himself and his Stock, that You then Order the Surveyor to set out for every such Inhabitant Five Acres of the best Land unset out and nearest his Lot, he resigning the like Quantity of Acres of the most unprofitable Land lying the least convenient for him. And You are then to Report your Proceedings herein with all convenient Speed.
And as to the Cows and Calves mentioned in the said Representation, if they have not before the Receipt of this Letter been delivered to them; The Trustees direct that You signify their Orders to Mr. [William] Bradley or who else may have the Care of the Trustees Cattle, that they may be immediately Supplied therewith.
The Trustees for the Convenience of a safe and regular Correspondence having directed You to give Notice to the Inhabitants of Georgia to bring or send their Letters to You once a fortnight to be forwarded to England by every Opportunity that next offered. They now repeat the same Direction that Mr. [Thomas] Causton and every one else should bring or send their Letters to You to be put up together in one Packet or Box to be Sealed with your Seal and forwarded regularly to Charles Town (when Opportunities for England directly do not then offer) directed to James Abercromby Esqr. His Majesty’s Attorney General of South Carolina, who has accepted of the Care of the Trustees Packets and Letters to be forwarded to and from England. And Mr. Abercromby will let You know what Charges he may be at, which must be defrayed out of the Contingent Expences of the Colony.
If You have Letters for Charles Town brought You to be forwarded, please to keep them out of the Packet for England; For that Packet must be directed to the Trustees and is not to be opened after You have Sealed it until received in England. But let such other Letters for Charles Town be in a seperate Parcel directed to Mr. Abercromby.
And when Opportunities offer of sending to England directly, the Trustees desire You will make up your Packet and Seal it as above mentioned and deliver it to the Master of the Ship taking Two Receipts for the same, the one to be forwarded in a Letter by the same Ship to demand the Packet here, and the other by the next Opportunity.
The Trustees have desired Mr. Abercromby to direct the publishing in the South Carolina Gazette for a month together the Notices sent to be affixed on the Storehouses Doors at Savannah and Frederica, the Expence whereof must also be defrayed to him. Which he will acquaint You of, that You and Mr. Henry Parker may Pay the same out of the Contingent Expences of the Colony.
The Accots. You have sent the Trustees from Frederica and the Southern Settlements are very pleasing and satisfactory; They wish there could be the least Resemblance of the like Accots. from the Northern Settlements.
The Trustees observing by the List of Servants imported by Captn. Hewitt That several of them are employed in working at the Crane; They desire to know what Allowances are made by Persons landing or loading off Goods on their own Accots. which ought to be if it has not been made, towards the Expence of maintaining the said Servants. And the Trustees further desire You will see what Servants are employed in the Garden, and in Case there are not sufficient hands already employed that the Number be made up 4 out of the Trustees Servants now under Mr. [William] Bradley’s Care; Of which You are to give Mr. Bradley Notice.
The Trustees also desire to have some further Explanation what Endeavours have been used and by whom to Seduce Mr. [Jacques] Camuse away from the Service of the Colony in the Management of the Silk; They are very glad to hear that that evil Intention is timely Stopped.
The Trustees desire You will in your future Journals leave a Margen on both sides, that they may be bound together.
You are desired to deliver the Letter to Mr. Causton herewith sent You, and take his Receipt for the same.
The Boats which are mentioned in the Estimated Expences from Midsummer 1738 to Midsummer 1739 to be employed as Sea Boats at Tybee and Frederica, General Oglethorpe will deliver when he arrives, to be employed for the Services for which they are intended.
Please to acquaint Mr. Henry Parker that the Trustees has advanced another Year’s Rent to Mary Cooper (besides that in March 1736) being £10:10:0 for her House Rented by Mr. Parker from 16 June 1735, which Mr. Causton has a Letter of Attorney from her to receive, and which if not already paid him that£ 10:10:0 may be applied by yourself and Mr. Parker in Repayment to the Trustees towards defraying part of the Established Allowances from Midsummer 1738, which I have acquainted Mr. Causton of.
John West having named David Provoost Junr. of New York Merchant to Succeed to the Lot late Joseph Hughes’s, and Captn. William Thomson having agreed thereto; He will bring over with him the Approbation of the Common Council to the said Nomination.
[P.S.] Mr. Causton having sent the Trustees further Accots. of Mr. [William] Bradleys; Please to deliver the Copys of them herewith sent You to Mr. [Thomas] Jones, to whom Mr. Bradley’s Accots. are referred.
Harman Verelst to John Crosse, Jr., Consul at Teneriffe Portorotava in the Canary Islands, June 7, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 138-139, concerning wine from the Canary Islands.
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America have read your Letter with great pleasure and are very sensible of your kind Expressions to the Colony of Georgia. They should be very glad to encourage your Thought of restoring the Canary Islands to their ancient Reputation and Commerce. At present they are provided with Wines, by Reason that the Fleets which are ordered by His Majesty for the protection of Georgia are to call at the Madieras to take in a sufficient Supply of Wine there, whereby the Freight will be Saved. The Vidonia Canary recommended by You is a Wine which they very much approve of, and would rather make Use of it out of regard to You than they would of any other Wine if Occasion offered; Your other Reasons, by which it is proved to be both cheaper & more advantagious to England than the Madiera, are of very great force and so convincing that nothing would prevent the Trustees from sending for a Cargo thereof, but that at present they have no Occasion for it; But if they should have Occasion hereafter, they will address themselves to You. In the mean while they intend to recommend to the Merchants who trade to Georgia this Matter; and will acquaint them with the Reasons which You have Urged.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, June 12, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 139-141, concerning certified accounts, Georgia’s postal service, and rent paid by Trustees. Sent in Packet to William Stephens per James Abercromby, by the Samuel, Capt. Percy, and by the Charles, Capt. Reid.
Since the Trustees Letter of the 19th. of May last the following certified Accompts have been brought to the Office for Payment, which the Trustees have absolutely refused, vizt.
Which several Values being added to the Sum of £ 11684:16:7 make £ 13,382:19:7 come to your Hands since Midsummer 1737 Of the Application whereof and the Necessity of such Expences, the Trustees have not received any Account. But on the contrary your Letters of Advice of many of these certified Accompts mention the Parcels being taken by you for the Encouragement of the Persons bringing them.
The Trustees cannot conceive any Possibility of consuming these vast Quantities of Provisions while they are good, and those spoiled will be dead Loss. They are much Surprized and cannot imagine what could induce You to receive everything that was brought You in the manner You have done, not only without Orders from them, but without the things so received being sent for or wanted; And also many of the Cargoes containing Parcels among them in no manner fit for the Trustees to concern themselves in buying; Their Business being only to provide the proper Species of Provisions fit for those they Contracted to provide for, who were not to be fed with Dainties, but with Food agreable to what they were afterwards to raise for themselves by their Labour.
The Trustees wait with Impatience to know the Receipt of their Orders for your certifying no more Accompts, and to know from You how many You have certified, lest there should be any outstanding which have not yet appeared; For they can form no proper Resolutions until the whole is known.
In the mean time Captn. Thomson will bring You back for Payment the Accompt You certified to him the 21st of January last amounting to £469:1:1 1/2 whereof £ 183:8:1 1/2 is Stated for Parcels received in the Trustees Store, of which Parcels the Paint is over computed 5s/7 l/2d and reduced the said Amount to £183:2:6. And the other part of the Accot. is all for Parcels sold to private Persons, which You State the Trustees Dr. for to Captn. Thomson, although the several Amounts are all entered as advanced to the said private Persons, and that not by the Trustees but your self, which make in the whole £285:13:0 Whereby the said certified Accompt amounts to £468:15:6 which the Trustees have also absolutely refused the Payment of, and Captn. Thomson must seek Payment from You. As to what was received in the Store, it was so received without the Trustees Authority; But if the Parcels are in Store and not Spoiled, or have been applied in the defraying any Expences the Trustees ordered to be made, Then You may apply the Trustees Sola Bills in your Hands in Payment thereof. But as to the Values of the Parcels advanced to private Persons, You must take Care to make those Persons pay the Captain for the same, he saying he trusted them on your Credit; And if any of them are Intitled to any Payments from the Trustees, pursuant to Orders already given, the Captain may receive such Payments on their Accots. in Sola Bills in Discharge of their Debts to him. This certified Accompt is besides the £13,382:19:7 Stated come to your hands since Midsummer last.
The Trustees having directed William Stephens Esqr. their Secretary to give Notice to the Inhabitants of Georgia to bring or send their Letters to him once a fortnight to be forwarded by him to England by every Opportunity that next offered; You are desired to send your Letters also to him, as well as any other Person in the Province, that Mr. Stephens may put them up together in one Packet or Box to be Sealed with his Seal and forwarded according to the Instructions he has received.
The Trustees have advanced to Mary Cooper another Year’s Rent for her House inhabited by Mr. Henry Parker amoting to £10:10:0 which You may have received of him by Virtue of her Letter of Attorney, and if so, You must not remit it to her but Account to the Trustees for it. They have also paid the Rent of Peter Gordon’s House to Lady Day last, being used for their Service; But the Rent due from Lady Day is payable to Major Cook’s Daughters.
The Trustees received your Letter dated 1 March last and have sent Copys of Mr. [William] Bradley’s further Accots. to Mr. [Thomas] Jones, to whom his Accots. are referred. Your Reason for receiving Provisions and certifying Accompts, as in your said Letter is mentioned is no way satisfactory to the Trustees; What your further Answers on this Occasion may be is a future Consideration.
Harman Verelst to James Abercromby, June 12, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 142, concerning notices published in the South Carolina Gazette and Georgia’s postal service.
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America desire You will on your Arrival at Charles Town cause the inclosed Notice to be published in the South Carolina Gazette to be continued for one month, as it was in the London Gazette for the month of April last herewith sent You.
You having been so obliging to accept of the Care of the Trustees Packets and Letters to be forwarded to and from England. The Trustees have directed their Secretary in Georgia William Stephens Esqr. to put all Letters for England in one Packet or Box directed to the Trustees to be sealed with his Seal and regularly forwarded to Charles Town directed to You; And if any Letters shall be brought him to be forwarded to Charles Town they are to be put up in a separate Parcel directed to You.
When You receive any Packet for the Trustees please to note upon it the Day You receive it and by what Conveyance; And please by the next Opportunity for England to forward the same, taking two Receipts from the Master of the Ship, the one to be inclosed in a Letter by the same Ship to demand the Packet here, and the other to be sent by the next Opportunity.
And the same Method the Trustees will observe in the sending their Packets for Georgia to your Care to be forwarded from Charles Town.
The Expences You shall be at on the above occasions please to acquaint Mr. William Stephens of at Savannah in Georgia, who has Directions to defray them.
Harman Verelst to James Oglethorpe on board the Blandford Man of War at Spithead,109 June 14, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 143, concerning painting the lighthouse at Tybee.
The Trustees knowing by Captain Daubuz who left Savannah in February last, that unless there is speedy Care taken by Weather Boarding, Painting &c of the Light House at Tybee it will fall. He says he has talk’d with Mr. [William?] Brownjohn about the Expence of that necessary Work being done who thinks it will not exceed £ 100.
The Trustees therefore desire You would give Directions that the great Expence of this Light House should not be lost, for want of this Preservation of it.
Benjamin Martyn to Andrew Stone, June 21, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 143, concerning affidavit of Joseph Preu about Spanish attack on Georgia.
The Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America have received the inclosed Copy of an Affidavit of Joseph Preu from the Magistrates of Savannah; And as they look on it to be of great Importance, they desire You will lay it before His Grace the Duke of Newcastle.
Mr. William Norris recommended by the Primate of Ireland and approved of by your Lordship, having offered his Service to go Missionary to Georgia, and officiate as Clergyman at the Town of Savannah, I am ordered by the Trustees to acquaint your Lordship, that they have come to a Resolution to employ him, and for that End to desire your Lordship to Ordain him Deacon and Priest. And as there is a great Necessity of his Presence there, and an Opportunity offers within Ten days or a fortnight at furthest of sending him, they pray your Lordship, if You continue your favourable Thoughts of him, to expedite his several Ordinations with all convenient Speed.
The Trustees further desire the favour of your Lordship to recommend Mr. Norris to the Treasury for the usual Allowance made to Missionaries.
Harman Verelst to James Oglethorpe, June 28, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 198,110 concerning Trustee finances, certified accounts, bill from Crockett and Seaman, and workmen recently arrived in St. Augustine. In care of the Postmaster at Portsmouth.
I rec’d yours dated 26th instant, and am glad You were under Sail after so long a Detention; tho’ I fear You will not get far without Anchoring or putting back.
The certified Accots. unpaid now amount to £6,352:6:1 to which £ 1,000 must be added for Expences in England, consisting of the Office Charges, Mr. Paris’s Bill, Freight of Goods going by Captain Thomson and unforeseen Expence; All which must come out of the £ 8,000 Granted for the Year. So that there is not much above £ 600 unappropriated, and part of that will go to pay the Balance due to Mr. [Isaac] Chardon’s Executors and Mr. [Paul] Jenys’s Executors. Your Resolution therefore of not Issuing any of the Trustees Sola Bills without further Directions, is very well grounded.
The Trustees are very sorry this Method of certifying Accots. was ever introduced, and that they ever consented to pay any of them; That Consent was occasioned by the representing to them the Want of the Arrival of their Sola Bills, and was founded upon an Expectation that such Methods of certifying Accots. could not have Subsisted after Sola Bills had been received to defray the Expences of the Colony. But the contrary appearing gives the Trustees the greatest Uneasiness; not knowing how many more may come before your Arrival in Georgia.
The Trustees are very well Satisfied with your intended Endeavours to put their Affairs in Georgia in the best Situation for preventing as much as possible any Inconveniencies to them from Mr. [Thomas] Causton’s past Conduct; And they heartily wish it may be in your Power to do so.
I rec’d a Letter from Messrs. Crockatt & Seaman dated 22d April last with a Bill of Parcels for the Osnabrigs they sent to Georgia for the Trustees Servants amounting to £38:5:4. They write that the 500d Men lately arrived at St. Augustine with their families were to build Barracks on the Island of St. Johns to the Northward of Augustine, and settle there.
Benjamin Martyn to Andrew Stone, July 12, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 144, transmitting Oglethrope’s letter111 for the Duke of Newcastle.
The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia, have receiv’d a Letter from Col. Oglethorpe in which they find a Circumstance Which they think is worthy his Grace the Duke of Newcastle’s knowledge. And I have therefore order’d the Letter to be copied and sent to You for his Grace’s Perusal.
Benjamin Martyn to Josiah Burchett, Admiralty Office, Aug. 3, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 145, asking protection for the Two Brothers, Capt. William Thomson.
Captn. William Thomson of the Brigantine Two Brothers Burthen 150 Tons, having several Foreign and other Passengers ready to embark for the Colony of Georgia in order to settle there; And they lying, now at a great Expence; The Trustees for settling the Colony have ordered me to desire You will lay before the Rt. Honble. the Lords Commrs. of the Admiralty their Request, that a Protection may be forthwith granted for the Ship Two Brothers Captn. William Thomson, and Eleven Men, and the Passengers on board the said Ship.
Harman Verelst to Messrs Crokat & Seaman, Aug. 4, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, p. 145, concerning notice about Georgia credit and Georgia’s postal service.
I rec’d your Letter and have paid Mr. Pomeroy yr. Accot. of the Ozenbrigs &c. Give me leave to trouble You with the inclosed Gazette wherein You will see an Article published by the Trustees for Georgia which Mr. [James] Abercrombie the Attoney General who sailed on board the Samuel Captn. Percy for Charles Town undertook to have Published in the South Carolina Gazette and to be continued for one month. In case he is arrived and it is published the Trustees Expectations are answered, but if he is not arrived The Trustees desire you will immediately cause the said Article which relates to Credit to be published in the South Carolina Gazette as above, and the Expence thereof shall be paid to Mr. Pomeroy on Notice thereof; And if by Accident it has been omitted by Mr. Abercromby to be published; please to wait on him with the Trustees Service and a Remembrance of him to have it done.
The Pacquet herewith sent You please to forward to Georgia by the first opportunity wherein you will much oblige the Trustees.
Harman Verelst to William Stephens, Aug. 4, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 146-48, concerning Stephens’ correspondence, William Norris, Trustees short of money, treatment of Thomas Oakes by Thomas Young, church at Darien, grand jury has no right to administer oaths, and timber in Georgia. Inclosed to Messrs Crockett & Seaman by the Charles, Capt. Reid, and by the Two Brothers, Capt. Thomson.
This acquaints You of the Receipt of your Letter to me dated the 15th of April last with a Duplicate of a Letter to the Trustees dated 29th. of March last, and your Journal to the said 15th. of April; And also of the Receipt of your Letter to me dated the 27th. of May last and your Journal continued. And incloses You a Duplicate of the Trustees last Letter to You from me dated 12 June 1738.
The particular and intelligent manner of your Journals, your sensible Letters, and regular Correspondence, fully answer the Trustees Expectations, and prove very Satisfactory to them.
They have the Pleasure now to Send You over by the Two Brothers Captn. Thomson a young Gentleman well educated at the University of Dublin, whose Character has been strongly Certified by the Primate of Ireland, whereby he obtained Ordination of Deacon and Priest, and is appointed by the Trustees to perform Ecclesiastical Offices in the room of Mr. John Wesley; He comes with well adminished Dispositions, and the Trustees recommend him to You for advice on all Occasions, desiring your introducing him to the Magistrates to have all due Countenance agreable to his Function. The Trustees are well Satisfied You will find him a Man after your own Heart, capable of doing Good; And whose Behaviour it is to be hoped will excite a suitable Return from the Inhabitants.
Mr. [Thomas] Causton having by his Certifying so many Accompts made the Trustees lyable to such Surprizing Demands as have swept away the whole Money granted by Parliament; And having in his Settling the late Mr. [Paul] Jenys’s Accompt omitted to Charge him with the Money he received at Charles Town for the Duty on Rum, the said Accompt is sent back, and what shall appear really due to the said Mr. Jenys’s Executors must be paid by the Sale of some of the Trustees Effects in the Store; They having no Money left in England to defray the Expences of the Colony to Midsummer 1739. Which must therefore be defrayed by applying or Sale of their Effects in Georgia, as well as all Outstanding Debts under yours and Mr. Henry Parker’s Directions. The Trustees have wrote to General Oglethorpe on that head also.
The intended Establishment for this Year not being able to take place for want of Money to answer it; The Trustees recommend it That in the Application of their Effects, after their Debts are paid, the Surpluss may be used for defraying only the most necessary Expences which may best Conduce to keep the Industrious People from any real Want, until they shall have a further Supply in the next Session of Parliament.
Mr. Oakes one of the King’s Coachmen, whose Son [Thomas] was bound to the Trustees and sent to Georgia, having attended the Trustees on a Complaint of the cruel Usage given to his Son by [Thomas] Young the Wheelwright, to whom the Trustees had assigned the said Lad as most proper by reason he had Served part of his time to that Trade in England. The Trustees desire You will send for the young Man and enquire into the Treatment he has received from his Master, and of his Master’s Neglect in employing him in the Business of his Trade. And in Case You shall find just Reason for Complaint, the Trustees who are desirous that all Masters should be duly punished who use their Servants ill, but particularly Mr. Young for using this Lad ill who was a Servant assigned to him from them for better purposes, and as matter of favour being bred to his Business; And therefore they think him a proper Example for Punishment. And they further direct You that if the Lad is desirous to return home to his friends in England, rather than Serve his time out and have the Benefit of Settling on Land for himself in Georgia; You have the Trustees full Authority to vacate the Lad’s Indenture and send him home by the Two Brothers Captn. Thomson who Sails for Georgia next week with a freight of foreign Servants at his Owner’s Risque.
In your Journal of the 20th. of April last You mentioned that the Minister at Darien had desired yours and Mr. Causton’s Opinion whether he might exceed the Dimensions of the Church intended at Darien, those given being too little. The Trustees thereupon acquaint You that they cannot be at the Expence of building a Church at Darien for the Scotch, and therefore it must not go on at their Charge.
The Trustees as You desired do now acquaint You That the Grand Jury has no Right by Law to Administer Oaths.
The Trustees desire to know whether the Inhabitants have a prudent Caution of Saving the Timber they fell from their Lands, in order when the Sap is out to make proper Use of; The Trustees finding that last Year Robert Williams brought Sawed Timber from Carolina Which it might have been expected from the Number of Sawyers in Georgia, the Inhabitants might have furnished themselves with.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Jenys at Charles Town, Aug. 4, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 149-154, concerning Spanish intentions, and Paul Jenys’ accounts with the Trustees. By the Charles, Capt. Reid.
The Trustees received the favour of your Letter dated 24 April last and are obliged to You for the Accounts You therein gave them of the Spaniards late Intentions, & the Condition of Georgia.
The Trustees were always greatly obliged to your late Brother [Paul Jenys] and are very sensible of the Zeal he ever shewed for the Welfare of Georgia.
The Accompt You have sent over which You Stated with Mr. [Thomas] Causton is intitled the Trustees Accot. Currant, and under that Title should have contained all Moneys received as well the Moneys received from time to time from the Treasurer of South Carolina for the Duty of 3d. a Gallon on Rum payable to the Trustees and receivable by your late Brother from the 1st. of Decr. 1733 (by an Act of the Assembly until the Sum of £8000-Current Money was paid) as the Bills of Exchange therein contained.
Your late Brother by the Accots. he sent over to the Trustees attended with the Treasurer’s Accots. of the Quarterly Amounts of the said Duty to the 1st. of March 1736 acknowledges to have received £ 7361:0:4 1/2 Currency of So. Carolina in part of the said £ 8000 (excepting a Difference of 7 l/2d in the Quarter’s Accot. to 1st Deer. 1735 Charged by the Treasurer more than by your Brother) and the Residue being £638:19: 7 1/2 has been or may be since received. The Payments out of which Sum and not included in the Accot. now sent, altho’ taken Credit for in the Accots. the Trustees received from your Brother in his Letter dated the 10th of Septr. 1736, amount to £ 4,296:14:0, the whole Payments which appear to the Trustees to have been made out of the Duty of Rum; Whereby a Balance is in their favour (if or when the whole £8000 is received) of the Sum of £ 3,703:6:0, no Notice whereof being taken in the Accot. now sent over nor no further Accot. of the Duty of Rum being sent, has Surprized the Trustees; For the above Balance in their favour as it at present stands (nothing appearing to them either from You or Mr. Causton to the Contrary) will reduce the Balance of the Accot. You Stated with Mr. Causton unto the Sum of £ 566:14:4 1/2 Currency, which being computed at 740 £ p Cent the rate of Exchange in 1736 (when your late Brother Stated the Balance due from the Trustees to amount to £594:6:10 1/2) the Sterling Money will be £76:11:8. And the Trustees having passed a Grant of 500d Acres of Land to your late Brother, and another to Mr. Baker his Partner in the Year 1735, the Consideration Moneys and Registers thereof with the Auditor amounted to £3:3:0 Sterling, for which the said partnership is Debtor and which reduces the said Balance due to your late Brother to the Sum of £73:8:8, according to the State herewith sent You. The said Grants went over to Georgia with Mr. Oglethorpe in the Year 1735. The Trustees have offered this Balance of £73:8:8 to Messrs. Smith & Bonoovier, being the only Sum to them appearing due as before mentioned if the £638:19:7 1/2 residue of the 8,000 £ Curcy. is received; And if it is not received, the Trustees desire it may be paid You and your Sister as Executors to your late Brother by the Treasurer of the Province in Discharge of the whole Sum granted.
The Trustees have therefore returned the said Accot. & your Bill of £26:1:2 for the Exchange of the Balance thereof, the Balance the Trustees have Stated being reduced at the Exchange You desired, there is no Difference therefore arises between You and them on such Exchange; And they have directed that You should be paid in Georgia what shall appear really due to the Estate of your late Brother.
With respect to the Bill Mr. [William] Bradley drew on me for £30 it is no Affair of the Trustees, but Mr. Bradley who drew the Bill must answer for it, there being no Effects of his rec’d in England to pay it out of, nor a speedy likelihood of any.
The Trustees are very sorry that You have occasioned your self this trouble, by not sending them their Accot. with your late Brother for the said Duty of Rum. For tho’ they desire to do strict Justice to the Estate of your late Brother, yet they must in Equity to themselves have his whole Accompts of all Monies as well as Bills come to his hands for their Use, before they can Order Payment of a Balance Stated due from them on one Accot., when for anything they know to the Contrary, there is a large Balance due to them on another Accot. with the same Person. They have therefore herewith sent You their accot of the said Duty on Rum, as it appears to them.
There is an Outstanding Bill of £200 Sterl. drawn on the Trustees by Mr. Oglethorpe 27 April 1736 to your late Brother which has never come to England for payment; Your Accot. States it drawn by Mr. Causton, but your Brother’s own Accot. States it as it was drawn by Mr. Oglethorpe.
ACCOMPT CURRANT of the Duty of 3d a Gallon on Rum imported into South Carolina from the 1st. of December 1733 for Raising and Paying £ 8000.– Current Money, for the Use of His Majesty’s Subjects of his Colony of Georgia. Received by Messrs. Jenys & Baker of Charles Town who were authorized so to do, and transmit to the Trustees their Accompts thereof duly Certified.
On the Accompt Stated by Mr. Thos. Jenys with Mr. Causton 15 April 1738, being compared with the Accompts sent over from time to time by Mr. Paul Jenys to prove the above Balance, it will come out as follows.
Whereof to be Creditted towards the Discharge thereof vizt.
Harman Verelst to James Oglethorpe, Aug. 4, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 155-157, concerning debts of and due the Trustees, church at Darien, and servants for Georgia. By the Charles, Capt. Reid, and by the Two Brothers, Capt. Thomson.
Herewith You receive a Copy of the Trustees Letter to Mr. [Thomas] Causton which went by Col. Stephens, and of the Allowances then established to Lady Day last which You desired should be sent You. The Trustees have also sent You two Letters returned from Portsmouth after You was Sailed.
They have sent You a Copy of their present Letter to Mr. [Thomas] Causton, whereby You will see the unhappy Situation they should have been in had they not taken the measures they have done to destroy all Credit, and prevent any Expence being made except what is immediately defrayed when they are in Cash to direct any more Expences.
In Confidence of your not Issuing any of the £500 in Sola Bills You carried with You, which the Trustees desire You will not, and to prevent any further Uneasiness from the Merchants who possess the Accots. Mr. Causton has Certified and which amount now to £ 7,311:16:0; besides the Demand of Mr. [Paul] Jenys’s and Mr. [Isaac] Chardon’s Executors, which are very large. The Common Council have agreed to pay these Accots. as far as they can, And what they are deficient in Cash for so doing, some of those Accots. received latest will be sent back to Georgia to be paid out of Sale of the Trustees Effects there (whereof one for £ 772:4:7 belongs to Mr. [Peter & J. C.] Simond which did not come to the Trustees Office until 24th. of last month) And the Balance due to Mr. Jenys’s Executors must be paid in the same manner.
You will Observe by the Accompt herewith sent You what large Quantities of Provisions and Necessaries Mr. Causton has received in Store since Midsummer 1737, and the large Amount of Credits he has given the Inhabitants purchasing other Provisions and Necessaries from the same, Persons as he did and for which he has made the Trustees Debtors in his Certified Accompts. These Sums thereby due to the Trustees together with their Effects in Georgia is the only Fund to Answer all Expences in Georgia to Midsummer 1739, besides Pay all out standing Demands there, and what is deficient to answer the Certified Accots. sent over; The Trustees being in the first place obliged to provide for their Expences in England, the Payment of the Outstanding Bill of £200 You drew to Paul Jenys Esqr. the 27th. of April 1736 which has never been brought for Payment, and of the Balance due to Mr. Chardon’s Executors which Mr. Simond desires may be paid him here.
The Trustees therefore desire That You will give Mr. Wm. Stephens and Mr. Henry Parker such Directions as You shall think necessary for receiving the Moneys as are still due in Georgia, and for the Sale and Application of the Trustees Effects there for these purposes. And the Trustees are very sorry there is so much Occasion to trouble You hereupon You having so full Employment in your Military Concerns.
As there is no Establishment for this Year to take place for want of Money to answer one, The Trustees recommend it to You in the directing the Application of their Effects, after their Debts are paid; That the Surpluss may be used for defraying only the most necessary Expences which may best conduce to keep the industrious People from any real Want, until the Trustees can acquaint You what further Supply they shall have in the next Session of Parliament.
The Trustees long for the News of your Arrival in Georgia, and an Account of their Affairs thereupon; Which when received, together with your Opinion of what Articles of Expence in the Civil Concerns of the Colony for the further Settling it, and the Encouragement of Produces from it to maintain it self hereafter shall be necessary, which is now the only Business of the Trust; They will be furnished with proper Materials for urging to the Minister that a Sum may be put into the Estimate in the next Session to answer such Expences; Which if obtained and voted, the Trustees will on the Credit of such Vote make out their Sola Bills, and send them for defraying the Expences they shall hereafter order; And the Money for Payment of them will be in Bank before their Return from Georgia, in Order to have an early Supply and to answer such Expences at the time of creating them; By reason no Debts can be hereafter contracted to make the Trustees lyable.
Col. Stephens in his Journal of the 20th. of April last mentions that the Minister at Darien had wrote to desire his and Mr. Causton’s Opinion whether he might exceed the Dimensions of the Church intended at Darien, those given being too little. The Trustees thereupon desired me to acquaint You That they cannot be at the Expence of building a Church at Darien for the Scotch, and therefore it must not go on at their Charge.
Captn. [William] Thomson will Sail next Week with foreign Servants for Georgia at his own Risque; Several of them come recommended to You by Mr. Van Riechen the King’s Hanover Secretary. By that Ship You will receiv a Duplicate of this Letter, and a full Letter from my self of such Occurences since your Sailing worth your Notice.
Harman Verelst to Thomas Causton, Aug. 4, 1738, Westminster, C.O. 5/667, pp. 158-183, concerning Causton’s letters and journal, certified accounts, military and other expenses, Paul Jenys’s accounts, French prisoners, bad beef, Trustee finances, Joseph Watson, letters sent to Causton, and compilation of Causton’s accounts. By the Charles, Capt. Reid, and by the Two Brothers, Capt. Thomson.
The Trustees received your Letters dated the 20th of April and 26th. of May last, and I received your Letter dated the 28th. of May last with the Copys of your Journal from 24th. of May 1737 to 24th. of July following; Whereby the Trustees have Copys of your Journal from Lady Day 1737 to the said 24th. of July; And no other Copys of it whatsoever.
On my presenting your said Journal to the Trustees they could not but observe, That instead of its being carried on to the Date of your Letter, some part of it contained Matters of a Year before.
In your Letter of the 26th. of May You acknowledge the Receipt of the Trustees Letter dated the 14th. of December last, which came to your hands the 30th. of March following; By wch. You was directed to discharge the Demands abroad with the Provisions Necessarys and Sola Bills You then had, without Certifying any more Accompts. Yet you have presumed to disregard the Trustees Orders and Certified the following Accots. vizt. 7th. of April 1738 for £129:8:4 3/4 to Captn. James Mackpherson the Balance of his Accompt to Lady Day 1738, the 17th. of the same month for £349:17:6 to Robert Williams & Co., and the 28th. of the same month for £241:19:9 to Messrs. Ellis and Ryan, making together £721:5:7 3/4. Thereby dispensing with the Trustees Commands at your Discretion, which it was your Duty to have punctually obeyed.
By this Extraordinary Conduct of yours, You have taken Care to certify all the Trustees Money away, without leaving any for the present Year; What Application You have made of the Effects received, and of the Trustees Sola Bills wch. You have acknowledged the receipt of, You have sent no Accot., nor so much as mentioned what Bills remained unissued.
You acknowledge the Receipt of the two other Letters of the 11th. January and 17th. of February last, whereby the Trustees renewed their former Orders, forbidding your certifying any more Accompts; To which by your Letter dated 26th. May last, You have promised an Obedience But You are quite silent, as to what Accots. You have Certified, and may be still Outstanding. Two Accompts came lately for Payment since this Letter was ordered, they appear Certified the 7th. of March 1737 for £57:17:0 3/4 to Recompence Standbery, and the 25th. of March 1738 for £772:4:7 to Messrs. Montaigut & Co.
The Certified Accots. brought for Payment since the 12th. of June last (when the Amount of Effects and Sola Bills received by You since Midsummer 1737 was £ 13,382:19:7) are as follow.
Which increases the former Sum to £15,162:5:3, a very large Amount come to your Hands since Midsummer 1737. You have therefore possessed your self of what must answer all Expences of the Colony to Midsummer 1739. For the £8,000 received from Parliament this year, if the Certified Accompts yet unpaid of those sent over which amount to £7,311:16:0 (besides that to Captn. Thomson of £ 469:1:1 1/2) should be paid, and for Non payment whereof the Merchants now grow very clamorous; There is not Money sufficient to Pay them, and answer the Charges in England. What is therefore deficient for that purpose, and to answer any outstanding Demands must be sent over to Georgia to be paid by the Sale of some of the Effects in Store; For the Debts are of your contracting, without the Trustees Authority, and must be paid with what the Trustees have abroad; Since they have nothing left in England by your most unaccountable Management.
You mention your making up General Heads of Accot. for the Year 1736, which would represent to the Trustees the Reasons for the General Expence; Whereby they might with more Certainty fix their Establishment. But You have not thought fit to Send them that Accompt, and have by the Debts You have Contracted, put it out of their Power to Establish any thing; And necessitated them to put it out of Yours and every other Person’s Power to contract any more Debts for the future, to make them answerable for.
As to the extraordinary Charges You mention on the Arrival of Col. [James] Cochran and part of General Oglethorpe’s Regiment, the Trustees have nothing to do with it. The Regiment being payable by the King, and all Charges relating thereto. The Trustees received their last Money only for the Settling the Colony, and they can bring nothing to Accompt in their Discharge which relates to the Military part of the Colony after the said Arrival of Col. Cochran and part of the Regiment. Therefore whatever those Charges are, if paid by You must be repaid by the Regiment; For the Trustees cannot be justified in allowing it.
The Trustees received your Letter on the Stating the late Mr. [Paul] Jenys’s Accompt with his Brother, wherein You mention “That it stood Blended in Mr. Jenys’s Books with that of the Rum Duty, which occasioned Delays so that the Accompt could not be Settled in Mr. Jenys’s Life time.” And now You have sent the Trustees an Accompt without taking any Notice of the Rum Duty, as if the Money received for that Duty was not to be Accoted. for. Mr. Paul Jenys charged himself with the Quarterly Accots. of the Rum Duty and took Credit for so much of it as by his Accompts he had paid to You; And it does not appear to the Trustees that any more has been paid to You of that Duty than what Mr. Paul Jenys took Credit for. If there really had been any more paid You, You ought to have acquainted the Trustees therewith, and brought the same to their Accompt. And as by the Accompt herewith sent You of the said Duty, there is a Balance of £3,703:6:0 Currency due to the Trustees, which neither Mr. Jenys nor You take any Notice of; The Trustees cannot pay the Balance You have Stated of £4,270:0:7 1/2 Curcy., while by their own Papers, and Accompts from Mr. Paul Jenys himself there is a large Ballance due to them; They therefore ordered me to State the Accompt as it appeared by Mr. Paul Jenys’s own Accompts, which reduces the Balance to £ 566:14:4 1/2 Currency and is in Sterling at 740 p Cent £76:11:8. Whereof £ 3:3:0 is to be deducted for the Consideration Moneys and Registering the two Grants of 500d Acres of Land each to Messrs. Jenys and Baker and makes the above Balance further reduced to £73:8:8 a Copy of which State is herewith sent You; Which Sum I have offered by order of the Trustees to Messrs. Bonovrier and Smith, to whom Mr. [Thomas] Jenys forwarded the Accot. You settled in order for Payment. But as they had no Authority to receive less than the Sum You Stated; they will send it back to Mr. Jenys, to whom I have also wrote. You are therefore to Apply to General Oglethorpe, or to Mr. Wm. Stephens and Mr. Henry Parker; That so much of the Trustees Effects may be disposed of sufficient to pay what shall really appear due to the late Mr. Jenys’s Executors, for which purpose I have wrote to the Genl. and to Mr. Stephens.
What pretence could You have for Charging the Trustees with the Bill drawn by Mr. [William] Bradley On me for £30.– with the Charges of Protest &c, Who are no ways concerned with Mr. Bradley’s Transactions with Mr. Jenys. Mr. Bradley drew a Bill on me in Expectation I should have received some Money for him; But I never have received any, nor dont know I ever shall, I did not therefore accept the Bill, but it was immediately returned to Mr. Jenys with my Answer, “That I had no Money of Mr. Bradley’s in my hands, but if ever I received for Mr. Bradley more than he was indebted to the Trustees, it should be paid.”
I have inclosed You a List of Letters sent You by the Trustees since General Oglethorpe’s last Arrival in England, and of the Letters the Trustees have received from You; Whereby You will see if You have sent any which have not been received; And if You have, let the Trustees know, and by what Conveyance such Letters were forwarded, and send them Copies of such Letters if there has been any so sent.
I have also extracted from your Certified Accompts since Midsummer 1737 the Accompt herewith sent You of the different kinds of Provisions and Necessaries You have received, and for which You are Accomptable; The Amount whereof appears to be much more than sufficient to answer the Ordinary Consumption of the Colony, which has alarmed the Trustees the more at your receiving Provisions and Necessarys in such large Quantitys, and giving Credit to Persons without the Trustees Authority; You must in your Discharge thereof therefore State to the Trustees to whom they have been respectively Issued, or how other ways applied. And in your Remain of Stores on Genl. Oglethrope’s Arrival, You are now directed to State the Prime Cost of each to let the Value of the whole Remain appear; And Mr. Wm. Stephens and Mr. Henry Parker must join in the Certifying the good or bad Condition of the Stores so remaining.
The Distance the Trustees are from You is so great, and so much time lost in writing and receiving answers, You should always endeavour to bring forward, as well your Accots. as Journal, as near to the time of your Letters as possible; Your last Journal being near twelve months in Arrear. And in your Letter of the 1st. of March last You mention that Harris’s behaviour will appear in your Journal altho’ such Journal has never yet been received, which ought to have come with the Letter.
You must be particular in your Answer to the several Matters herein taken Notice of, which at present appear so much to your Disadvantage.
In your Journal of the 19th. June 1737 You mention certain French Prisoners brought down by 4 Chickesaw Indians, in order to be paid for taking them. The Trustees desire to have the Occasion of their bringing them, and of their Demand particularly explained; For they know no Reason why they were taken or brought to Georgia; and know of no Orders given in relation to that matter, The King of Great Britain being at Peace with France.
The Trustees cannot but Observe in your said Journal what they think very extraordinary; That in several places You mention the Payment of Money to Persons without putting down the Sums paid, and yet leaving Blanks for them. They desire to be informed with the Occasion of such Omissions, You having left the Blanks thus £ with a Space for the Sum.
The Trustees having been made acquainted with Mr. Ellis’s bad Cargo of Beef which he deposited with You for Sale the 6th. of April last and which on the 18th. of the same month was discovered unfit for Use, by the Return of several Casks You issued which were not eatable; And that on a Survey of the said damaged Beef 280 out of 290 Casks were obliged to be buried. They ordered me to let You know that this Transaction is a Matter between Mr. Ellis and Your self as his Factor, and which the Trustees has not, nor will not have any Concern with.
Richard Lobb was at the Office the 21st. of last month and says, That you had no Money left in Georgia when he came away in May last, not even so much as to pay him a small Balance which he was obliged to come over without. What then is become of the Trustees Sola Bills, and for what Services have they been issued? No Accompt thereof has been ever yet received. The future Support of the Colony to Midsummer 1739 must therefore arise from the Effects You have bought, which must be applied or sold again for that purpose, and from the Credits You have given; For the Trustees have nothing left to answer any Expence here.
There is lately received from John Brownfield two Accots Signed by You the 29th of April last for the several Amounts of Particulars received by You of Messrs. Pytt and Tuckwell, the one for £102:5:0 between 17th. January 1737 and Lady Day 1738, and the other for £ 79:13:7 between 10th. and 26th. of April 1738. And he writes that You very soon expect Sola Bills sufficient to pay all the publick Demands, and that You will then pay theirs. From what Grounds could You expect such Sola Bills, if You expected the great Number of Certified Accots, You sent over would be paid? Consider the Expences You have created, far exceeding your Authority and the Trustees Abilities; and Consider also this Method of receiving things in Store in the Trustees Name to Contract Debts on their Accot. without any Direction from them; But that will be amply provided against before You receive this Letter. It is only mentioned, That these particular so received from Messrs. Pytt & Tuckwell must be paid by Way of Barter or Sale of other particulars which You have Certified for, and received of others without orders from the Trustees, & more than the Services they directed to be performed had occasion for.
Mrs. [Joseph] Watson has been with the Trustees desiring You would send her back a Letter of Attorney which She says She sent You to Georgia, when She thought that her Husband was dead, as also a Defeazance of Judgement; Which the Trustees would have You send her back; And they desire to know whether Mr. Watson her Husband has any Accompt with the Stores unsettled.
The Common Council the 6th. of June 1737 on the Application of Mr. John Vat did direct, That the £46:8:7 So. Carolina Currency Stated due to him should be paid to his Servt. Rubrecht Kalcher in Georgia. Which Direction not being then sent You, if the said Sum has not been yet paid, it must be paid out of the Remain of Stores.
Letters sent to Mr. Causton since 12th. January 1736, when Mr. Oglethorpe attended the first Meeting after his Arrival in England. And Letters rec’d from him since the same time.
AN ACCOMPT of the different Species of Provisions and Necessarys received by Mr. Thomas Causton in Georgia And of the Credits given by him since Midsummer 1737; taken from the several certified Accompts which have come to the Trustees Hands the 4th. day of Auqust 1738.
1. Benjamin Martyn was the Secretary of the Trustees for the life of the Trust, and with Harman Verelst, the Accountant, constituted the staff in the Trustee office in Palace Court, or Old Palace Yard, Westminster, very close to the Houses of Parliament.
2. Robert Johnson was Governor of South Carolina 1717-1719 and 1730-1735 (d. May 3, 1735). He was a real friend to Oglethorpe and Georgia in the colony’s early days.
3. Published in Colonial Records of the State of Georgia (CRG), XX, 1-3. In Vols. XX-XXII are most of the letters from America referred to in the current volume.
4. A cousin of James Oglethorpe.
5. Probably James de St. Julian (d. 1746) who was a Carolina surveyor, Indian trader, planter, local official, and assemblyman. Possibly Peter de St. Julian (d. 1752).
6. £ 50.
7. A John Coates and Thomas Smith are listed among the charity colonists, but none of the others have been found. Nothing has been found of potash manufacture in Georgia by these five men or their agents. Details of the grant are in CRG, II, 12-14. See E. Merton Coulter and Albert B. Saye, eds., A List of the Early Settlers in Georgia (Athens, 1949), 10, 49.
8. All of these came to Georgia. See Coulter and Saye, List of Early Settlers.
9. No record has been found that Pinkerton came to Georgia.
10. The answer is above, pp. 2-3. The letter of Johnson is in CRG, XX, 2-3.
11. On the Rev. Samuel (not James) Quincy see Coulter and Saye, List of Early Settlers, 42; Sarah B. Gober Temple and Kenneth Coleman, Georgia Journeys (Athens, 1961); Reba Carolyn Strickland, Religion and the State in Georgia in the Eighteenth Century (New York, 1939); and Harold E. Davis, The Fledgling Province: Social and Cultural Life in Colonial Georgia, 1733-1776 (Chapel Hill, 1976).
12. These and other settlers listed in this volume may be referred to in Coulter and Saye, List of Early Settlers; Temple and Coleman, Georgia Journeys; and CRG, XX-XXII.
13. Herbert, the volunteer clergyman, came with the original settlers on the Ann. Ill when he left England, Herbert died at sea on his return to England on June 15, 1733. Coulter and Saye, List of Early Settlers, 23.
14. Viscount Percival called Lombe [Lamb], “Sir Thomas Lomb, the eminent manufacturer of organized silk.” Historical Manuscripts Commission, Diary of Viscount Percival, Afterwards First Early of Egmont (3 vols., London, 1920-23), I, 339.
15. Both Goughs arrived in Savannah June 19, 1733, with wives and William, Jr., with one son. William, Sr’s, wife Martha died July 23 and William himself Sept. 6, 1733. William, Jr., was a tythingman before he moved to South Carolina in 1737. Coulter and Saye, List of Early Settlers, 76.
16. Pennefeather arrived July 21, 1733, but he moved to Purrysburg, S. C., and gave up his Georgia Grant. Ibid., 92; Temple and Coleman, Georgia Journeys, 32.
17. In CRG, I, 98.
18. Paul Amatis came on the Ann with the first settlers; Nicholas Amatis and the Camuses arrived July 21, 1733; Ottone did not come.
19. Martyn always spelled it Leverpool.
20. On Fletcher see Coulter and Saye, List of Early Settlers, 16 and Temple and Coleman, Georgia Journeys, 32-33.
21. A list of all the Georgia Trustees with some biographical information is given in William Bacon Stevens, A History of Georia … (New York, 1847; Savannah, 1972), I, 463-75; James Ross McCain, Georgia as a Proprietary Province (Boston, 1917), 31-40; and Albert B. Saye, New Viewpoints in Georgia History (Athens, 1943), 78-80. The anniversary sermons were preached in February of each year after Georgia’s founding.
22. Undoubtedly Some Account of the Designs of the Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in America [London, 1732].
23. Holmes was in debt for £19.11 by July 1738. He went to South Carolina the next January and died in Charles Town in September 1739.
24. Printed in CRG, XX, 12-13.
25. The two Williamses arrived on May 11, 1733, but Sandford apparently did not come to Georgia.
26. Objects turned on a lathe.
27. A Java pepper.
28. An East Indian medicinal herb.
29. On Wise see Temple and Coleman, Georgia Journeys.
30. A port located on the Ouse River, near the Wash, in Norfolk, also called King’s Lynn.
31. A reference to John Musgrove’s Indian trading post at Yamacraw.
32. Samuel Nunis.
33. The election of a new Parliament.
34. The List of Early Settlers gives the name as Edward Bush, gunsmith. He arrived March 12, 1733/4, and his wife, Elizabeth, Oct. 21, 1734. He went to South Carolina in 1742.
35. Port Royal, located on one of the Sea Islands of South Carolina approximately twenty-five miles northeast of Savannah, served as a garrison post for South Carolina rangers and as a supply point for the fledgling colony of Georgia.
36. Trip, a carpenter, arrived Feb. 1, 1733/4, and married the widow Elizabeth Herbert on Oct. 6, 1734.
37. The Vaud is a western Swiss canton between Lake of Geneva and Lake of Neuchatel.
38. Saunders is not given in the List of Early Settlers. His master, William Gough, Sr., had died on Sept. 6, 1733.
39. A reference to those families which arrived on the Ann in February 1733.
40. Tomochichi, his wife Senauki, his nephew and heir Toonahowi, and several other Indians had gone to England with Oglethorpe, sailing from Charles Town on May 7, 1734, and arriving in London on June 20.
41. Marginal note on original, “Man & Maid not sent but [Will] Ewen for 2 years.”
42. Few men tried harder than Samuel Eveleigh to help and exploit Georgia. A South Carolina Indian trader from 1720 to 1735, Eveleigh sought to purchase a monopoly on the Georgia Indian trade. He never tired of urging the Trustees to encourage trade and manufactures in Georgia, mainly through his own schemes and proposals. See Converse D. Clowse, “Charles Town Export Trade, 1717-1737,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Northwestern University, 1963, Table LXXIV, pp. 282-87; Journal of the Indian Commissioners of South Carolina, 1716-1737, in South Carolina Archives, Columbia, S. C.; and Verner W. Crane, The Southern Frontier, 1670-1732 (Durham, 1928), 108, 121-23, 150.
43. Marginal note on original, “Servant could not be got.
44. Evidently George Bartholomew Roth and Matthias Broumberger, Bavarians who lived at Ebenezer. See Samuel Urlesperger, Detailed Reports on the Salzburger Emigrants Who Settled in America … (edited by George Fenwick Jones), Vols. I-V “[Athens, 1968-1980).
45. Probably the murder of William Wise which took place on March 1, 1733/4. See Temple and Coleman, Georgia Journeys, 77-79, and CRG, XX.
46. A merchant from Charles Town who moved to Georgia in June 1734, Elisha Dobree petitioned the Georgia Trustees for permission to open an Indian trading post south of the Altamaha. The Trustees distrusted his principles and his motives. Dobree proved useful to the Trust as a clerk of the Trustees Store in Frederica. See Coulter and Saye, List of Early Settlers, 71, and Temple and Coleman, Georgia Journeys.
47. Apparently Lamb never came to Georgia as his land was forfeited. Coulter and Saye, List of Early Settlers, 81.
48. Joseph Watson, John Musgrove’s partner in the Indian trade, took charge of the Musgrove store during Musgrove’s trip to England with the Georgia Indians in 1734. Corrupt and a chronic drunk, Watson boasted that he had drunk to death his Indian companion, Skee, and accused Mary Musgrove of being a witch. Frightened of Skee’s relatives and of a court order against him brought by Mary Musgrove, Watson created trouble with the Indians in which Musgrove’s slave, Justice, was killed. See Crane, Southern Frontier, 89-91, and Temple and Coleman, Georgia Journeys, 81-89.
49. A narrow linen braid.
50. A vine with small, yellow flowers and berries, madder was commonly valued as a medicine plant in the 1730s.
51. Attorney-General of South Carolina 1731-32, 1733-42.
52. This letter is given above pp. 47-48.
53. Probably sour wine or vinegar used as a disinfectant on board ship.
54. Plants used as a condiment.
55. A type of coarse, heavy linen cloth used to make work clothes.
56. Marginal note on original, “In a Bale Marked T C.”
57. Marginal note on original, “Mr. Oglethorpe gave the Cloth.”
58. A wavy, lustrous pattern, often called watered.
59. Evidently the Red String Plot. It is treated in Temple and Coleman, Georgia Journeys, 79-82, and in CRG, XX.
60. Blytheman was in charge of construction of the lighthouse on Tybee Island.
61. No copy of this letter has been found.
62. People from the Swiss Canton of Graubuhden (French Grisons)
63. A province in present-day southern Austria where hundreds of German protestants were expelled 1729-1735.
64. A periagua was a small vessel, generally propelled by rowing or poling and sometimes equipped with one or two small sails, mostly used for river and coasting traffic.
65. Evidently sour wine or vinegar used as a disinfectant.
66. A medicinal compound used as a remedy against poisons.
67. A small shield.
68. His first name has not been found.
69. Woolen or cotton refuse used as matress stuffing.
70. This correspondence is in CRG, XX, 482-93, and XXI, 3-11.
71. Licka, an anti-Spanish Creek headman, told Mackay that to prevent Creeks from going to St. Augustine for presents from the Spanish, the trail “must be made bloody.” Encouraged by Mackay to attack the Spanish, Licka headed a war party to Florida and killed a Spaniard and several Yamassees. See CRG, XX, 297, 400, 493.
72. Robert Millar, or Miller, replaced William Houstoun as the Trustee’s Botanist after Houstoun died in Jamaica on Aug. 14, 1733. Millar searched for plants for Georgia until 1739, but little that he secured ever reached Georgia.
73. A stallion.
74. South Carolina’s agent in London.
75. A disease of horses legs.
76. The List of Early Settlers says Elizabeth Warrin [Warren] married Jonathan Hood, not James Wood. The List gives a James Wood who returned to England 24 Feb. 1736/7, to late to marry Elizabeth who died there on March 30, 1737. The List combines the mother Elizabeth with the daughhter Elizabeth. The mother did not return to Georgia, but the daughter did on 16 Aug. 1737. See below p.
77. The List of Early Settlers, 77, gives the name as James Harlefoot.
78. Marginal note on original, “Vide P 210.” This is the letter to Causton of April 2, 1736, below pp.127-130.
79. Marginal note on original, “Note the Goods are Entd below.”
80. This material is in CRG, XXI, 98-102.
81. Evidently sour wine or vinegar used as a disinfactant on board ship.
82. Oglethorpe’s letter concerned negotiations with the Spanish in St. Augustine. This is covered in CRG, I, 255-257; CRG, XXI, 147-148; and Diary of the First Earl of Egmont, II, 281-86, 289.
83. This letter is in Egmont Papers, Vol. 14201, p. 485.
84. The Trustees ruled in 1735 that all Indian traders in the territory under their charter must take out Georgia licenses. The Trustees wanted to limit the number of traders, prohibit rum sales, and divert Upper Creek trade from Charles Town to Augusta. Angry Carolina traders refused to take out Georgia licenses and hurried to Charles Town to complain. The quarrel between Georgia and South Carolina over the Indian trade strained relations between the two and was only solved several years later by the Crown through a joint licensing and trading agreement. See CRG, XX, 203-204, 445-446, 453, and South Carolina Gazette, July 5-10, 1736.
85. Spanish name for glasswort or saltwort. The burning sounds as though it was to extract the alkali from the plant.
86. The Spanish word for yield.
87. Spanish minister in London.
88. Marginal note on original, “Daily Journal 17 Nov. 1736.”
89. Royal naval officers stationed on the Georgia and South Carolina coast.
90. Probably Richard Woodward, a South Carolina merchant.
91. No record has been found that Warwick came to Georgia.
92. A sour wine or vinegar used as a disinfectant.
93. The name is given as John Young in the List of Early Settlers, p. 58, and nothing else is known about this person.
94. A variation of fegary, meaning whim or eccentric prank.
95. Marginal note on original, “Highland Brogt for the feet.”
96. This letter is given in CRG, XXI, 369-370.
97. It is interesting that a letter of this importance is not mentioned in the minutes of the Trustees’ meeting this date, attended by eight Trustees. The Earl of Egmont gives the details in his diary. He says that Accountant Harman Verelst was ordered to get the letter signed by as many Trustees as possible. Of the forty-seven Trustees on the roll, signatures of twenty-five were a very good representation considering that ordinary Trustee meetings at this period usually had five to eight in attendance. Diary of the Earl of Egmont, II, 414-415.
98. These headings are written as indentation in the left margin and in red ink in the original.
99. The Northern Division included Savannah and Augusta, the Southern Division Darien and Frederica.
100. On the Warrins see above footnote 75, p. 117.
101. On July 20, 1737, the Earl of Egmont said in his diary that the six Trustees present agreed to give immediate orders to the magistrates in Savannah that the Moravians should not be required to fight. Diary of the Earl of Egmont, II, 422. The actual letter of Secretary Benjamin Martyn to Thomas Causton, giving these orders, is dated Aug. 3, 1737, and is printed above pp. 205-207.
102. Thilo was a surgeon.
103. Dowlas was a coarse linen cloth manufactured in England and Scotland.
104. He is listed twice in the List of Early Settlers, as Folly (p. 16) and Tolly (p. 53), both times with no first name and as a schoolmaster.
105. This refers to Hugh and William Sterling, their servants, and other Lowland Scots who had been settled at Sterling’s Bluff on the Ogeechee River but had abandoned their lands there and lived in Savannah by 1737.
106. A town on the English Channel north of the Isle of Wight.
107. Printed in CRG, I, 321-323.
108. On this affidavit see Diary of the Earl of Egmont, II, 492, 494.
109. On the English Channel near Portsmouth.
110. This letter, recorded out of chronological order in the Trustees’ Letter Book, was put in Ms. CRG XXX. It is published here in the correct chronological order.
111. This letter, dated July 3, 1738, from Plymouth, seems not to have been published. It is in C.O. 5/654, f. 161, and in Ms. CRG, XXXV. It is summarized in Diary of the Earl of Egmont, II, 498-499.
112. Probably kosher beef.
114. A ham or lower end of a side of bacon.
115. Some sort of measuring rod.
116. A linen cloth made in Prussian Silesia.
118. Probably hard stones used as whetstones.
119. Undoubtedly Christian Ernst Thilo; possibly Andreas Zwiffler.