State of feeling at Ebenezer consequent on the death of Mr. Gronau—Mr. Bolzius writes to Germany for an assistant—His humility and devotion—The church in Germany send over another pastor—Rev. H. H. Lembke arrives at Ebenezer—His reception—Marries the widow of Mr. Gronau—Mr. Bolzius retains his position—Mr. Bolzius, as trustee, erects mills—Silk culture introduced at Ebenezer—Mr. Amatis of Piedmont—Mulberry trees planted at Ebenezer—Success of the Salzburgers in raising silk—Bridge and causeway over Ebenezer Creek—New church and school-house erected—Pastoral labours—Extent of the field to be cultivated—Goshen church—Abercorn—Extension of the settlements around Ebenezer—Demand for more ministerial labour—Rev. C. Rabenhorst arrives at Ebenezer—Mr. Bolzius’s letter on his arrival—Change of views—Provision for the support of the new pastor—Condition of the colony—Mr. Bolzius assigns his trusteeship to Mr. Lembke—Copy of the deed of trust—The “Trust” to be transferred—Subsequent change—Erection of another mill—Mr. Bolzius begins to decline in health—The symbolical books—Proper views in relation to the “Fathers”—Confessions and catechisms—Deep-toned piety of the first pastors at Ebenezer—Mr. Bolzius’s labours—His letters—Rev. S. Urlsperger and Dr. Zeigenhagen—Close of his ministerial duties—His illness and death—Mr. Bolzius’s family.
AS was to have been expected, the death of Mr. Gronau cast quite a gloom over the settlement at Ebenezer. By his consistent Christian deportment, he had gained the confidence and esteem of the whole community. He was particularly endeared to those who had come over from Germany under his care, and for whose welfare he had made so many sacrifices. Upon no one, however, did the loss seem to fall so heavily as upon his colleague, Mr. Bolzius. They had been united by the strongest ties of friendship and Christian affection, and had laboured together for thirteen years under circumstances which were well calculated to unite them in indissoluble bonds. Impelled by a sense of duty to their divine Master, they had in company left their native land, to become the spiritual guides of a devoted and persecuted people. They had been fellow-sufferers in the perils of the sea, and in all the dangers and privations incident upon establishing a colony in an unbroken wilderness. For many years they had taken “sweet counsel together, and gone to the house of God in company.” But all these strong and endearing relations are now broken, and Mr. Bolzius is left alone, with all the weighty responsibility of his important station. No one could feel more sensibly than he did the obligations connected with his position. Nor was he disposed to shrink from them. Nevertheless, he writes to the friends of the Salzburgers in Germany, requesting that a preacher might be sent over to supply the place of his departed friend and brother, Gronau. The following extract from his letter to Rev. S. Urlsperger, at Augsburg, is characteristic of his Christian humility: “May God send me a faithful and good man in the place of my departed friend! Will you have the goodness to select such a one for me, inasmuch as I shall not be able for any length of time to bear the burden of business that overwhelms me. I, too, feel the approach of age, and may be unexpectedly called away. Could I have my own wish, I would ask the favour of you to send a pastor primarius to this place, so that I might take the station of my departed brother. My mind has frequently dwelt on this subject, especially during the last illness of Mr. Gronau ; and I can assure you that I would prefer by far being adjunct to the new pastor, to retaining the station I now hold, for I am too weak to stand in front of the battle. May God make an arrangement of this kind practicable !”
The request of Mr. Bolzius for the appointment of an adjunct was favourably received, and early in the spring of 1746, the Rev. Herman H. Lembke was sent over to Ebenezer to supply the vacancy occasioned by the death of the lamented Gronau. His arrival was hailed with great satisfaction by the Salzburgers, and particularly by Mr. Bolzius. Mr. Lembke entered upon his duties with great energy, and it soon became manifest that the patrons of the church in Germany had made a very judicious selection. About a year after his arrival, he married the widow of Mr. Gronau, who, it appears, was a near relative of Mr. Bolzius, and this new relation seems to have been mutually agreeable and beneficial to all parties.
Mr. Bolzius, acting under the advice of the church in Germany, continued to retain his position as principal pastor, and, as we have before seen, the management of all the affairs of the colony, both spiritual and financial, was intrusted to him. He, however, associated Mr. Lembke with him, as fully as a sense of duty would permit.
It will be proper here to state some of the responsibilities which devolved upon Mr. Bolzius. Beside the onerous ministerial duties connected with so large a field of labour, he seems to have been appointed trustee for all the funds which had been collected in Europe for the benefit of the congregation at Ebenezer. We consequently find him engaged in making investments, purchasing land, erecting rice-mills, as well as grist and saw-mills, and superintending the whole industrial economy of the colony. To carry out his plans, he procured mill-stones and other necessary materials from Germany, and enlisted the kind offices of General Oglethorpe, who cheerfully aided Mr. Bolzius in all his plans which contemplated the comfort and general improvement of the Salzburgers. During their residence at Old Ebenezer, a mill was established upon Ebenezer Creek, but this they were compelled to abandon.
Another important interest intrusted to Mr. Bolzius was the introduction among the Germans of the silk culture. As early as 1733, the “Trustees for the Settlement of Georgia,” induced Mr. Nicolas Amatis, of Piedmont, to remove to Georgia, taking with him his servant, Jacques Camuse, his wife, and three sons, who were to instruct the colonists in the rearing of silk-worms and the manufacture of silk.*
In 1736, mulberry-trees were planted at Ebenezer under the direction of Mr. Bolzius, and the Salzburgers were among the first and most successful in carrying out the wishes of the Trustees in this particular. In 1742, five hundred trees were sent to Ebenezer, and a machine was erected for preparing the silk. In 1745 and 1746, specimens were sent to England, and in 1748, four hundred and sixty-four pounds were produced. In 1749, the Trustees authorized Mr. Bolzius to erect ten sheds and ten machines for reeling, and other means necessary to carry on the manufacture. In 1750, nearly all the colonists had abandoned the experiment of silk-raising, except the Salzburgers. They persevered, and every year became more skilled in the business, and in 1751, they sent over to England a thousand pounds of cocoons, and seventy-four pounds two ounces of raw silk, yielding the handsome sum of one hundred and ten pounds sterling, or upwards of five hundred dollars, the price being at that time thirty shillings per pound. To encourage the Germans to persevere in their efforts, which thus far had been very successful, the Trustees gave a reeling-machine to each female, who should become mistress in the art of spinning, and two pounds in money. These marks of favour were duly appreciated, and the culture of silk was carried on successfully for a number of years. Many mulberry-trees are still standing at Ebenezer, which no doubt have sprung from the original stock; and many of the descendants of the Salzburgers continue to raise silk, which they manufacture into fishing-lines, and sell very readily in Savannah.
About this time the Salzburgers, at the suggestion of Mr. Bolzius, commenced the construction of a bridge over Ebenezer Creek, and a causeway through the low grounds adjoining, thus connecting the town of Ebenezer with the settlements which had been made on the north side of that creek. These measures were of great advantage, both to the town and the adjoining neighbourhood. The population in that location, which is called even to this day “the Bluff” increased so rapidly that it soon became necessary to erect a new church. For this purpose, a tract of one hundred acres of land was obtained from the Trustees, and a commodious edifice was erected, called “Bethany;” a school-house was also built, together with a residence for the teacher. This church was located about five miles north-west from Ebenezer. It continued to exist up to the year 1774, when Dr. Muhlenburg made his second visit to Ebenezer; but soon after the Revolutionary War it was allowed to decay, and was never rebuilt. The deed for this church, as we learn from Dr. Muhlenburg’s journal, was originally made to H. H. Lembke, John Casper Wertseh, and John Michael, and was dated 1751. It calls for one hundred acres for Bethany church and a school-house. The object is thus defined: “In St. Matthew’s Parish for the use of a church and school-house, and for the support and maintenance of the minister and master thereof.”
Besides this church, another small one was erected at Goshen, about ten miles below Ebenezer, near the road leading to Savannah, for the accommodation of the Salzburgers who had settled in that neighbourhood and at Abercorn. Thus it will be seen that four Lutheran churches were now existing in the Parish of St. Matthew, besides the one in Savannah. The arrangement in reference to ministerial labour was, that the pastors should supply the church in Savannah, together with Jerusalem, Zion, Bethany, and Goshen, dividing the labours equally among themselves, as far as might be practicable, but always under the direction of the senior pastor. It will be apparent that this was a large field to cultivate, even for two ministers. It covered an area of more than thirty miles, and besides the fatigue connected with journeying from church to church, these pious men preached every Sabbath, and catechized the youth in their congregations on the same day; and delivered weekly lectures in all the churches, besides holding their regular ministerial conference for prayer and mutual edification.
The population at Ebenezer and the surrounding settlements gradually increased, and was augmented by occasional arrivals from Germany; so that as early as 1750 numerous farms were in successful culture on both sides of the road leading from Savannah to Augusta, as well as upon the banks of the Savannah river, and Lockner’s, Ebenezer, and Mill creeks. With the rapid advancement of the colony, the duties of the pastors at Ebenezer were greatly multiplied, so much so, that the patrons of the church in Germany deemed it necessary to send over an additional minister. In 1752, the Rev. Christian Rabenhorst was selected by Senior Urlsperger, at Augsburg, and with him came a colony of emigrants from Wurtemberg. Although Mr. Bolzius was very much pleased to receive these new recruits for his colony, yet he did not see any necessity, at first, for the appointment of an additional pastor. He was, however, subsequently convinced that he had been mistaken in his opinion, for in a letter addressed to Mr. Urlsperger, dated February 9, 1753, he remarks: “I have to acknowledge, with shame and humiliation, that when I first was informed of the appointment of a third minister for Ebenezer, and ever afterward when I saw him, I believed such an appointment to be superfluous; but since we have become better acquainted with him, and, through the rich grace of the Holy Spirit, felt that he was one heart and soul with us in religion, office, and brotherly conduct; and when, after my last return from Charleston, I discovered the decrease of my bodily strength, I was humbly rejoiced at the goodness of God, who has, in addition to many other precious gifts, sent us (without our wish or desire) this faithful and prudent brother, Timotheus. What gratification does it afford me, and my dear brother-in-law, Lembke, to receive the assistance, and to be supported by this cheerful, willing, and laborious man, whom we have to restrain, lest his unremitting activity may prove injurious to him before he is acclimatized. We all have work enough to do, and do all with pleasure. Mr. Rabenhorst enjoys the good-will of the people in a high degree.” Thus it will be seen that Mr. Bolzius, always ready to acknowledge the hand of God in every event of his life, and to yield submissively to the wishes of the reverend fathers in Germany, gathered fresh strength and confidence from his experience. These three pious and self-denying men continued to labour together harmoniously, and with great success for nearly twelve years; though the external affairs of the colony were at times very distressing, arising partly from the effects of the Spanish war, and partly from the occasional failure of their crops; still, amid all these untoward circumstances, the colonists were not allowed to despair. They maintained an unwavering confidence in the good providence of God, and were for the most part contented and happy.
The arrival of Mr. Rabenhorst at Ebenezer did not, however, increase the pecuniary embarrassment of the congregation, for there is evidence in the records that a capital, amounting to £649 16s. 5d., was raised in Germany and placed in his hands, from the interest of which he was to derive his support. For this money he gave his bond, obligating himself and his heirs, assigns, &c., that the fund should be used for no other purpose, and that it should be applied, after his death, for the support of his successor.
This was a wise provision, particularly at this juncture; for it was about the time of Mr. Rabenhorst’s arrival in America, that the “Trustees” surrendered their charter to the crown, and Georgia became a royal province. The Salzburgers, not being attached to the Established Church, could expect very little further aid from England, and were thrown almost entirely upon the support of their German benefactors.
In view of his increasing age and infirmity, Mr. Bolzius thought it expedient that he should transfer the trust which had been vested in him to the Rev. H. H. Lembke. This he did with the consent of the Lutheran pastors at London, Halle, and Augsburg. The trust was duly conveyed in a legal instrument, dated April 15, 1757. It will, perhaps, be interesting to insert here a portion of said document, inasmuch as it will serve to show the character of the property which the Salzburgers then owned, and the purpose for which it was intended. The instrument reads thus:
“In the name of Jesus: Inasmuch as it is unknown to me how soon the Lord may call me hence by death, and as it is my duty daily to set my house in order, and to explain any irregularity or misunderstanding which might possibly arise after my decease, I have deemed it necessary and expedient, as being advised by my most worthy colleague, to give information to my colleague and brother-in-law, Herman H. Lembke, as adjunct pastor and future successor in office, concerning the design of our two grist-mills, the saw-mill, and the rice stamping-mill; and to authorize him, by this instrument of writing, to take the superintendence of said mill establishment, during my life and after my death; so that the objects for which they were instituted may be gradually attained. The objects were threefold: 1. That all the mills should be firmly invested and in some respects improved. 2. That, by the profits of the same, other establishments should in the process of time be sustained in the Ebenezer congregation, such as churches and schools, and also dwellings for ministers and school-teachers, by the joint labours of the members of the congregation. Likewise, that more ample provision should be made for pastors and school-teachers. And, 3. That widows and orphans, the sick, and the superannuated should be able to derive some assistance therefrom.
“The circumstances which gave rise to the erection of said mills are these : I was solicited by the congregation for a number of years to erect a small mill, at a cost of about ten or twelve pounds sterling, to meet their most pressing wants, in grinding their Indian corn, wheat, and rye into flour. After the mill was commenced, by the assistance of the major part of the male members of the congregation, on the site where the mill now stands, the sum proposed was soon found to be totally inadequate, although I obtained gratuitously, by personal request, the mill-stones and some iron materials from General Oglethorpe. Hence it became necessary to relinquish the building of the orphan-house, and appropriate the funds placed in my hands for that purpose to the completion of the mill. For the congregation were not content to have the former without the latter, and particularly as there seemed to be no immediate demand for such an institution ; they preferred to provide for the few orphans in town by taking them into their service. The money requisite to complete the mills I received partly from the Trustees, and partly from other patrons, through the exertions of our fathers in London, Augsburg, and Halle. To secure the balance of funds necessary to complete my plans, I was compelled to borrow money, trusting in God, who has hitherto led me most wonderfully, wisely, graciously, and mightily, by his paternal Providence. He has so directed, by his blessings, the operations of the mills, and the trade connected with them, and by means also of donations from Europe, that the loan was gradually refunded, and that all the debts contracted by the erection of the important saw-mill, have been duly paid. To these works the members of the congregation contributed nothing, but have cause of great thankfulness that the mills have proved such a blessing to them. Inasmuch as the boards and other lumber could not be sold for money, but were given in exchange for goods, it became necessary to establish a trading-house. For this purpose I appropriated the first fund created by the charitable donations from Europe, in the time of Mr. Mayer.
“From this statement, to the truth of which all the surviving Salzburgers can testify, (much of which is also known to Mr. Lembke,) it is very evident that the wonderful God has made use of me, unworthy as I am, as a feeble instrument for the procurement of the means and materials for the endowment of these extensive mill establishments, and the laying of the foundation of the mill-trade. There remains, therefore, no doubt, that I am authorized to confer the superintendence of the mill-establishment and the trade connected with it, upon my worthy colleague and successor Lembke alone, and none other beside or above him. This I do herewith solemnly perform, after mature reflection and deliberation, in the name of God and our reverend fathers. May God bless his exertions in behalf of these important works, by his counsel and assistance, that His great name may be glorified, and all the above objects be attained!
JOHN MARTIN BOLZIUS,
Minister in this place.
This “power of attorney,” as the old church record terms it, was duly signed and delivered at the time specified, and was renewed on the 19th of August, 1765, just four months before the death of Mr. Bolzius. Two years subsequently (April 30, 1767) Mr. Lembke assigned the same instrument, to Mr. Rabenhorst. From this it would seem that it was originally designed that this trust should be regularly transferred by each pastor to his successor.
Subsequently, however, a change was made, by which seven trustees were chosen annually, on Easter Monday, from among the members, to whom the property of every kind belonging to the congregation was deeded in trust. This feature in the government of the church is maintained to the present day.
It appears, that by royal grants; and purchases made by Mr. Bolzius, nine hundred and twenty-five acres of land were connected with the mill establishments, and that the value of this property was once estimated at one thousand five hundred pounds sterling. The mills were, however, in the course of time suffered to fall to decay, and by the depreciation in the value of lands nearly the whole of this investment was lost.
Besides this mill, another was erected on a lot of one hundred acres, of which Messrs. Bolzius and Lembke took possession without a grant. The cost of building this mill was paid partly by contributions from Europe, and partly from the income of the other mill. But, in 1764, it was sold for fifty pounds sterling, and this amount was appropriated toward increasing the fund for the support of a third minister and a schoolmaster.
Mr. Bolzius, though declining in strength, continued to discharge his duties faithfully, and to watch over the interests of the Salzburgers with unabated concern. In fact, his solicitude seemed to increase with his advancing years; and every letter which he wrote to the friends in Germany evinced how deeply the warmest feelings of his heart were enlisted on behalf of the people of his charge, and how ardent was his zeal in promoting the glory of God.
There is one striking feature in all his letters. We allude to the deep-toned piety which pervades almost every line. It is manifest that he and all the first pastors at Ebenezer were men of a truly devotional spirit. Though, as we have seen, they were all required to give their assent to the Augsburg Confession, and the Symbolical Books, yet their religion was something more vital and soul-pervading than the cold “orthodoxy” which is too often associated with symbolism or sacramentalism. And our modern theologians, whose zeal for the Symbolical Books, and whose reverence for the “fathers,” seem at times to run away with their good sense and Christian charity, would do well to study such models as Bolzius, Gronau, Lembke, and Rabenhorst. They loved and venerated our confessions and catechisms, and sought to indoctrinate their people in the principles of the Protestant faith, as taught by Luther and his noble compeers ; but they had the wisdom to discriminate between those things which were essential and those which were indifferent, and made it the great object of their ministry to have the people of their charge soundly converted and made Lutherans and Christians, not by a mere outward profession, but by the cultivation and full development of a pure and holy inner life—the life of the soul renewed by grace, and united to Christ by a living, active faith.
In a letter written the early part of the year 1759, Pastor Bolzius thus speaks: “In our corner of the earth we have recently enjoyed the protection and blessing of our Heavenly Father, both in temporal and spiritual things. Though we have not been free from trials and difficulties, still they have been light, and, as we trust, have been subservient to our welfare and our furtherance in the divine life, through the kind direction of a wise providence. We acknowledge, to the praise of God, that piety and contentment still reign among us, as even strangers are willing to admit. With my dear brethren in office, Messrs. Lembke and Rabenhorst, I stand in the most friendly collegiate connection. Every week we meet in conference and for prayer, by which meetings our mutual love is cemented through the blessing of God. The same blessing also prevents our labour among the people from being unfruitful. Among our congregation are many men and women who are truly converted to God, and who walk in the truth, are ornaments to our office, and humble assistants in the discharge of our duties. Though, on account of the war and the repeated failure of crops, every article of living is high, yet our heavenly Father gives us our daily bread in the enjoyment of peace and health among ourselves. If many, who in the first seasons of trial left us, had endured a little while longer, they would have experienced the truth of the proverb: ‘After winter, spring does come.’”
This letter shows very plainly the spirit which actuated Mr. Bolzius and his colleagues in the discharge of their duties; and it should not be a matter of surprise that their faithful and self-denying labours were productive of such remarkable effects upon the moral and religious characters of their flocks. Walking themselves in the “ordinances and commandments of God blameless,” they were worthy ensamples to those over whose souls they watched, and the great Head of the church set his seal of approbation to the fidelity of their ministry, in the numbers who through their instrumentality were “turned from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God.”
One of these devoted pastors, however, was about to be removed. About the year 1762, the faithful and undaunted Bolzius began to give evidence of declining health. In his letters to the patrons of the colony in Germany, he made mention of being frequently attacked with fever, which had impaired his constitution and brought on a distressing cough, which no medicine could remove. It was manifest to all who saw him that nature was yielding to the inroads of disease, and that his pilgrimage was rapidly drawing to a close. Nevertheless, he never left the post of duty, but continued to perform to the very last, as far as his strength would permit, the arduous labours of his station; being fully determined to relinquish his charge only with his life. His letters to his friends in Europe will show the state of his mind in view of his approaching end. In writing to Senior Urlsperger of Augsburg, he says: “I am hastening toward my home. He who sees his wedding-day is not concerned about trifles. It has pleased my dear Redeemer for several months to visit me with disease and infirmities, which most probably will terminate in death. I am in his hand, for he does all things well; as my own experience has taught me during my whole pilgrimage, but more especially during the thirty-two years of my pastoral office among my dear Salzburgers. Dearest heavenly Father ! accept my humble thanks for all thy love and faithfulness ! Expecting that my dear Redeemer will soon deliver me from every evil, and help me into his heavenly kingdom, I deem it my duty, though with a feeble hand, to write a few lines to you, to express my gratitude to you for all the spiritual and temporal acts of kindness manifested toward me, (the most unworthy of men,) toward my family, my brethren in office, and to the whole congregation for more than thirty-two years; and through you I wish to express my thanks once more to all the Christian benefactors of Ebenezer, who live in my beloved fatherland.”
In a letter to Dr. Zeigenhagen of London, he expresses himself as follows : “This will probably be the last letter which I shall write to you, with feeble hands and weak eyes. I am so reduced with illness, that I can scarcely walk a few steps, and am unable to discharge any of the duties of my office. All that I do is, to prepare myself for a happy exit out of this world, by the word of God and prayer, through the assistance of the Holy Spirit. And God be praised, I can and may say, ‘If we live, we live unto the Lord; if we die, we die unto the Lord: whether we live therefore or die, we are the Lord’s.’ How great is the happiness to possess this knowledge! Praised and blessed be God for the unspeakable gift of his only-begotten Son to us sinners; to me also, the chief of them; with whom he has given all we now have and enjoy in life and in death, as well as what we shall forever and ever enjoy in the house of our Father in the sweetest and most blessed communion with the Triune God! It is a faithful saying—I shall be happy forever. My eyes shall behold the source of all joy. I know in whom I have believed, and I am sure there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness.”
A few months before his death there was a slight improvement in his health, and he resumed his duties as pastor. For seven successive Sabbaths he preached in Jerusalem church, nor would he spare himself, notwithstanding the entreaties of his brethren, and their offers to perform his duties for him. His general reply was, “I have soon to appear with my hearers before the judgment-seat of Christ, and I do not wish that one of them should accuse me there of having been the cause of his condemnation.” His last sermon was preached on the fifteenth Sunday after Trinity, the subject of which was, “The happiness of the true Christian.”
From that time his disease seemed to attack him with renewed violence. The swelling in his feet increased, and he was no longer able to leave the house. His colleagues testify that he bore the severest pain with the meekness of a lamb, and with perfect resignation to the will of God.
During a visit of Pastor Lembke, he expressed the joyful state of his mind in the following terms: “I cannot describe how happy I am in my solitude, while I enjoy the presence and communion with my Saviour: happy! oh, indescribably happy. From the 7th to the 19th of November, a little gruel was all the refreshment he could take. On the 14th, he desired to unite with his Christian friends in the celebration of the Lord’s Supper. Previous to the celebration of this ordinance, he remarked to Mr. Lembke: “I acknowledge our Protestant religion as a precious treasure in life and in death ! In myself I discover naught but sin, but I know that God has granted me forgiveness for Christ’s sake.” On the 18th, Mr. Bolzius became suddenly much worse, and the family sent for Mr. Lembke. On reaching the house Mr. Lembke found him very much prostrated, but still perfectly rational. Mr. Lembke addressed him in these words: “Father, I will that they whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am, that they may see my glory, which thou hast given me.” Mr. Bolzius repeated the words: “That they may see my glory;” and then continued: “Ah, how delightful it is in yonder heaven! how delightful to be with Christ!” His bodily sufferings seeming to increase, he patiently remarked, “This is a day of trial.” In the evening his friends, supposing that his dissolution was approaching adjusted his pillow that he might rest the easier; but he almost immediately revived, and said, “Not yet; I have still to bear my sufferings for one night longer.” The next morning, at six o’clock, being the 19th of November, 1765, this venerable servant of Christ calmly resigned his spirit into the hands of God, in the sixty-second year of his eventful and useful life. The day following, his remains were carried to Jerusalem church, when Mr. Lembke and Mr. Rabenhorst addressed the large assemblage, who had collected from all parts of the surrounding country, to pay a just tribute of respect to one who had been a father to them in more senses than one, and to whose wise counsels and faithful and zealous ministrations they were indebted, under God, for much of their temporal and spiritual prosperity. The scene was a truly affecting one, as many of the aged Salzburgers who had been his companions in all his travels and perils, both by sea and by land, and who had shared his sympathies and his prayers, stood and looked for the last time upon the countenance of their best earthly friend, and bedewed his corpse with their tears. He was buried in the cemetery, near Jerusalem church, where his remains still repose. It is, however, a melancholy truth, that no monument marks his resting-place, and a stranger “would seek his grave in vain. Nevertheless, he sleeps none the less sweetly and hopefully, and has left in the hearts of the good and wise a monument more durable than brass. His memory will remain green as long as Lutheran-ism has a name in the South, or there is virtue and intelligence enough among the people of Georgia to appreciate his almost apostolic labours, and his life of long and arduous and patient toil in the cause of his divine Redeemer and the persecuted and exiled Salzburgers. Mr. Bolzius left only two children. He had lost two before his death, whose sickness and death are supposed to have been caused by opening some of the swamp-lands near Ebenezer for the cultivation of rice. At the time of his decease his only son was a student at Halle, and it is believed that he never returned to this country. When Mr. Muhlenburg visited Ebenezer, in 1774, an only maiden daughter of Mr. Bolzius (Miss Catherine) was residing in the family of her aunt, the Widow Lembke. Her subsequent history could not be ascertained. It is a melancholy thought that no one of his descendants survived to perpetuate his name in this country, and that the whole family have become extinct. Nevertheless, they live in a purer and brighter sphere, and though lost to the church on earth, they no doubt constitute a part of the church triumphant in heaven.